Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Crosby Name
England, Scotland, Ireland
Origins of Name:
The surname of Crosby is said to derive from Old Scandinavia, and is a locational name with roots in Northern England Southern Scotland. These locations are said to have gotten their name from the Old Norse word ‘kross” which means cross, and is usually meant to mean a stone cross that was set up by a roadside or settlement, and the word “byr” translates to mean enclosure or settlement. These places include Crosby near Maryport in Cumberland, Crosby upon Eden, High Crosby, Low Crosby, and Little Crosby in Lancashire.
More common variations are:
Crosby, Crosbie, Crossby, Crosbey, Carosby, Croseby, Crousby, Croosby, Crowsby, Crosbby, Crosboy
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Crosby came in the year 1176, and was noted as Gillemichel de Crossebi, who was recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Westmorland. These documents were created under the reign of King Henry II, who was known as “The Builder of Churches” and reigned from the year 1154 to the year 1189. In the Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire, Thomas de Crosby was entered in the the year 1379, and Henry Crosseby was noted as a witness in the Assize Court Rolls of Warwickshire in the year 1383. Most people in England with the Crosby surname live in Northern England. The areas that have higher concentrations of those who bear the Crosby surname are the counties of Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cheshire and Lincolnshire.
In Scotland the Crosby families live in the southwestern regions of Wigtownshire and Dumfries-shire. Later, those with the surname of Crosby are Stirlingshire, Midlothian, Lanarkshire, Roxburghshire, and Renfrewshire counties.
United States and Canada:
In the 1600’s, European citizens began the European Migration, which was when they left their homeland in search of a better life. The United States of America, which at that time was referred to as the New World, was an area that was not explored, but promised religious freedom, work, and better living conditions, so it was a high traffic area. The first settlers in America who bore the surname of Crosby were Symon Crosby, who was 26 years of age, his wife, Ann Crosby, who was 25 years of age, and their son, Thomas Crosby, who was 8 weeks when they embarked on the journey from London, England to New England on the ship named the “Susan and Ellin” in the year 1635. During this time period, it was common for English settlers to move into other parts of Europe and then immigrate to the United States, or the Americas. Those with the surname of Crosby began moving out of England, and then settling in Scotland, then settling in Ireland, and finally coming across the pond into the United States and and moving up into Canada. Once they came to the United States, those with the surname of Crosby settled in the states of Massachusetts, New York, South Caroline, Georgia, Mississippi, Ohio, Maine, Pennsylvania, and the state of New Hampshire. In the 18th Century, people who bore the surname of Crosby began settling directly in Canada, without using the United States as a stop. The first settlers with the surname of Crosby to settle in Canada were Abigal Crosby, Barnett Crosby, Josiah Crosby, and Wm Crosby, who landed in Nova Scotia and settled there in the year 1750.
The surname Crosby and also Crosbie were adopted in Ireland by the families Mac an Chrosain Sept of Leix. This name was also anglicized as MacCrossan. Settlers from England and Scotland in the 17th century introduced the surname into Ulster Province.
United States 46,285
South Africa 1,242
New Zealand 639
B.J. Crosby (1925-2015) who was born with the name Joanne Crayton, and was a jazz vocalist, singer, and actress who was in the musical, Smokey Joe’s Café
Mrs. Catherine Elizabeth Crosby who was a 64-year-old First Class Passenger aboard the RMS Titanic from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and survived the sinking by escaping on life boat 7
Miss Harriette Rebecca Crosby, who was 39 years of age when she sailed aboard the RMS Titanic as a First Class Passenger and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 7
Captain Edward Crosby, (died in 1912) who was 70 years of age when he boarded the RMS Titanic as a First Class Passenger, and who died in the sinking, and his body was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett
Robert Edward Crosby (born in 1980) who is an MLB infielder, and was the Rookie of the year in 2004
Percy Leo Crosby (1891-1964) who was an author, illustrator, and cartoonist from America, who was best known for his cartoon, Skippy
Crosby Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Crosby blazon are the ram, lion and hand. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and argent.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Both the Ram and the ram’s head appear in heraldry, depicted in a lifelike aspect. Wade assigns it the meaning of “leader” on account of its role within the flock. Wade quotes Nichols in suggesting that it most resembles the primrose, which “brings good luck to the finder”.
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.
The hand, unless we are told otherwise is a dexter (right) hand shown palm outwards and fingers upwards.. It demonstrates faith, sincerity and justice, and in the form of two right hands clasped can mean union or alliance. There is a special form called the “Hand of Ulster” which is a sinister hand gules on an argent background (a left hand, red upon white). Originally the Badge of Ulster, the Province of Northern Ireland, it has come to be used as an addition to existing arms, in an escutcheon (small shield) or canton (small square) to indicate that the holder is also a Baronet.