Blazons & Genealogy Notes
Notes: None. Blazon: Ermine a bend gules.
Notes: None. Blazon: Ermine a bend gules.
The origin of this unique surname evolved originally from Norman French. It is a locational name and appeared in England after the war of the year 1066, and became one the few which can be proved with clear origins to have been at the war of Hastings. Moreover, the name holders were gifted vast lands, especially in East Anglia, some of those they still hold after 900 years. However, most of these names of various places had evolved originally from the villages of ‘Ver,’ in the areas of Guttray and La Manche, Normandy. There is also a Dutch city called ‘Veere’ on the island of Walcheren, and it may be that name holders migrated there. The De Vere family had gifted the original land of Oxford, and after that the dukedom of Ireland. Later recordings included Henry de Vere, also of Oxford in the year 1605, Jane Vear, who married at St George’s Church. In the year 1780, Hanover Square from London married George Dever at Allhallows, London Wall, on 28th June 1796. The coat of weapons has the shining of once a quarter red and gold, a noble person incitement in silver, all within an engrailed bordure of black.According to early recordings, the recorded spellings of the name included De Vere, De Vauz, De Var, Devar, Dever, Vaux, Vere, Vear, Veare and Vears.
More common variations are: Devery, Devere, Deaver, Deiver, Devera, Devero, Deveer, Deever, Dhever, Duever.
The origins of the surname Dever were in Essex where people held a family seat from early times and were gifted estates by Duke William of Normandy, from their different commanders at the war of Hasting in the year 1066. In the Domesday documents, Aubrey de Vere was a tenant-in-chief in England, a successful man in the year 1086 and assistant of the estates of Oxford. He was one of the great landholders of England and held his Palace from the Lord at Hedingham in Essex.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Alberic de Ver, dated 1086, in the Domesday document of the division of Essex It was during the time of King William 1st, who was known to be the ‘The Conqueror,’ 1066-1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the Dever people had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
People of Dever family arrived in the United States beginning in the 17th century. Some of the population of Dever family who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Grace Dever and Richard Dever arrived in Maryland in the year 1658.
The following century saw much more people with the Dever surname arrive. People of Dever who settled in the United States in the 19th Century included Bridget Dever, at the age of 55, in Delaware in the year 1803. Edward Dever landed in New London Connecticut in the year 1811 with his family. Cornelius, Daniel, Denis, Edward, Hugh, James, John, Neil, Samuel, Thomas and William Dever all arrived in Philadelphia in the mid of the years 1840 and 1865.
The settlement of Dever family also occurred in the 19th century in places in New-Zealand. Elizabeth Dever arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “New Era” in the year 1855.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Dever: United States 6,632; England 376; Australia 537; Canada 304; South Africa 183; India 1,273; France 196; Belgium 200; Turkey 349; Ireland 153.
Barbara Dever was an opera singer, born in the year 1951, arose with Luciano Pavarotti, Plácido Domingo, Zubin Mehta.
Belinda Dever (1977), was an Australian retired netball player.
Dever Orgill (1990), was a Jamaican football player.
James C. Dever III (1962), was a United American federal judge.
James Dever (1825–1904), was an Irish businessperson and politician in New Brunswick, Canada.
Joe Dever (1956), was a fantastic prize holder British writer and game designer.
The main device (symbol) in the Dever blazon is the bend. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and ermine.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 4A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40. Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22. The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|2.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52|
|3.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154|
|4.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69|
|5.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39|
|6.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28|
|7.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40|
|8.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22|
|9.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49|