Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Dougal Name
Origins of Dougal:
This is an unusual surname of Scottish and Irish origin and was acquired from the Gaelic name Dubhgall, the combination of the components “dubh” which means “black” and “gall,” which means “stranger”. It was used as a byname for Scandinavians, in special to recognize the dark-haired Danes from fair-haired Norwegians. The name now mainly appears in the district of Ulster and in Scotland where it is wide-spread. With the prefix “Mac” which means “son of,” the name becomes Macdougal, MacDoual, etc. The surname records back to the early 12th Century. Differences in the phrase of the spelling such as Dougal, Dougill, Dugall, Dugald, Dowall, Doyle, etc.. One Elizabeth, daughter of William Dowgill, named in June 1577, and his son William named in September 1583, both at St. Mary le Bow, London. June, daughter of Peter Dougall, named at St. Luke’s, Chelsea in January 1745.
More common variations are: Dougall, Dougale, Dougala, Diougal, Dugal, Dogal, Dougally, Dougallo, Dougale
The surname Dougal first appeared in Galloway, an area of southwestern Scotland, now part of the Cabinet Area of Dumfries and Galloway, that previously consisted of the divisions of Wigtown (West Galloway) and Kirkcudbright (East Galloway), where they defeated from Dugall eldest son of Somerled, first king of the Islands, and his son Duncan who got the lands of Lorn. The Tribe was an angry enemy of Robert the Bruce, who made a narrow escape during one battle with the MacDougals only by dropping his cloak. The clasp of this cloak, now known as the Brooch of Lorn, is a treasured property of the Head of the Tribe. The Family faced heavy punishment and displaced from their lands once Robert the Bruce defended the Scottish throne. The lands returned to the Tribe upon the death of the king, but passed to the Stewarts in 1388 when the last part of the main branch of MacDougals passed away without issue.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Dufgal filius Moccche, dated about 1128, in the “St. Serf’s Island in Loch Leven”. It was during the time of King David I of Scotland, dated 1124 – 1153.
Many of the people with surname Dougal had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Dougal landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Dougal who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included James Dougal landed in New York in 1774. Walter Dougal also arrived in New York, NY in the same year 1774.
The following century saw more Dougal surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Dougal who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Sarah Dougal at the age of 20, arrived in New York, NY in 1804. John Dougal, who arrived in New York in 1833.
Some of the people with the surname Dougal who came to Canada in the 18th century included Mr. Anthony Dougherty U.E. who settled in Canada near the year 1784.
Some of the individuals with the surname Dougal who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Catherine Dougal arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Lysander” in 1839. Janet Dougal arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship “Grand Trianon.”
Here is the population distribution of the last name Dougal: United States 724; England 640; Scotland 269; Belize 112; Northern Ireland 107; Australia 71; France 49; Canada 41; New Zealand 40; Ireland 22.
Jimmy Dougal (October 1913 –October 1999) was a Scottish football player, who played as an inside forward for Kilsyth Rangers, Falkirk, Preston North End, Carlisle United, Halifax Town and Chorley.
Dougal Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Dougal blazon are the bull’s head and mount. The two main tinctures (colors) are vert and argent.
The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” . It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found . More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald . More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Bulls, and their close relations, cows, calves, oxen and the buffalo are relatively recent additions to the art of heraldry (and it is not always possible to distinguish between them in their renderings). They can be found in a variety of poses and may have horns, hooves and collared in a different colour. The writer Guillim noted that the prescence of a bull could signify ”valour and magnanimity”.
The mount (also known as a hillock ) is the area at the base of the shield and when so described is almost always green, and somewhere that another charge is placed, to appear more realistic, or give it a specific relationship to other charges around it. Indeed, unlike like most of the flat, geometric shapes used to divide the field of the shield, the mount may be drawn with tufts of grass and a distinct slope!