Durham Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History
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Origins of Name:
The surname of Durham, which is also spelled Durram throughout history, is a locational surname from England, in the Northeastern area of the country. This surname comes from the Old English word of “dun” which means “a hill” and supplements the Old Scandanavian “holm” or “holmr” which translates to “island or a piece of raised land that is partially or completely surrounded by streams, or another body of water.” Because this surname is locational, this means that those who originally bore this surname are most likely people who lived in this type of area, or areas surrounding this topographical area. The places that these people are named after are found in areas in England. Dunholm was an area like this circa 1000, and Dunhelme was also named as an area in 1122, while Donelme was names in 1191. People who bore this surname are most likely from these areas, but migrated of moved out of them looking for work. This surname was most likely created to denote the new workers from previous workers, and the easiest form of recognition was by being called by the name of your birthplace.
More common variations are:
Durham, Durhami, Durrhama, Daurham, Durhamm, Duurham, Diurham, Dourhamm, Durhiaam, Durhiam, Durrham, Diurham, Durhame
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Durham was in the year of 1163, and was found in the Pipe Rolls of London. This person was recorded as Osbert de Denelm, and was thus recorded as such in this document. This document, The Pipe Rolls of London, was ordered and decreed by King Henry II, who was commonly referred to throughout history as “The Builder of Churches” and ruled from the year 1154 to the year 1189. Other mentions of this surname in England include William de Durham, who was a witness in the Fine Court Rolls of Essex in the year 1236. Those who bear the surname of Durham who reside in the country of England can be found in the counties of Durham, Yorkshire, Middlesex, Somerset, Lanarkshire, and the city of London.
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Durham in the country of Scotland was a Robertus de Durham was recorded as one of the twelve Scots knights appointed to settle the laws of marches in the year 1249, and who appeared in the “Scottish Acts of Parliament.” Those who carry the surname of Durham who live in the country of Scotland have a surname that originated in the Dumfries-shire region, but later this surname of Durham spread to the counties of Lanarkshire, Stirlingshire, Renfrewshire, Wigtownshire Midlothian, and the county of East Lothian.
United States of America:
During the 1600’s many people in Europe determined that they wanted to leave the country of their birth and thus became set on looking for a new place to dwell. For many, this was the United States of America, which at this time was referred to as The New World of The Colonies. The first person to bear the surname of Durham in the United States of America was one Elizabeth Durham, who settled in the state of Virginia in the year of 1653. Those who bear this surname are found in Illinois, Texas, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia, New York, North Carolina, and the state of Kentucky,.
United States 49,750
South Africa 785
New Zealand 374
Trinidad and Tobago 355
Joseph Vann “Joe” Durham (1931-2016) who was an MLB player and coach who played from the year 1954 to the year 1959, who was from America
Walter Thomas Durham (1925-2013) who was a historian and author, and was a historian for the state of Tennessee, and was from America
Rhea Durham (born in 1978) who was a fashion model who has appeared on many major fashion magazines including the titles of French Vogue, Italian Marie Claire, and American ELLE
Admiral Sir Phillip Charles Calderwood Henderson Durham GCB (1763-1845) who was a British Royal Navy officer who served in the American Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars, and was a Scottish-born citizen
Leon “Bull” Durham (born in 1957) who was a former MLB first baseman and outfielder, who is from America
Jim Durham (born in 1947) who was a sportscaster from America
David Anthony Durham (born in 1969) who was a historical fiction and fantasy author, who was a recipient of the 2009 John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer, and who was from America
Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (co. Chester). Az. three crescents betw. seven crosses crosslets ar. three, one, two, and one.
2) (co. Essex). Or, on a cross gu. five fleurs-de-lis of the field.
3) (co. Norfolk). Az. semee of crosslets or, five (another, three) crescents ar.
4) (in the Hall of University College, Oxon; William of Durham, the founder. Visit. 1574). Or, a fleur-de-lis az. each leaf charged with a mullet of the first.
5) (Grange, co. Forfar). Motto—Ultra fert animus. Or, on a fesse az. three mullets ar. and in base a crescent gu. Crest—Two dolphins haurient addorsed ppr.
6) (Ardownie, co. Forfar). Motto—Ulterius. Or, on a fess engr. az. three mullets ar. in base a crescent gu. Crest—A dolphin naiant ppr.
7) (Largo, co. Fife, 1672). Motto—Victoria non proeda. Or, a crescent gu. on a chief az. three mullets ar. Crest—A dolphin naiant ppr.
8) (Largo, 1792; the heiress m., 1822, Dundas, of Arniston). Mottoes—Above the crest: Victoria non proeda; below the arms: Per mare per terras. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, ar. a crescent gu. on a chief az. three mullets of the field, for Durham; 2nd, erm. on a saltire gu. betw. two palm branches ppr. five mascles or, for Calderwood; 3rd, ar. an orle gu. in chief three martlets sa., for Rutherford. Crest—On a baron’s coronet a dolphin hauriant ppr. Supporters—Two horses ar. saddled and bridled gu.
9) (Sir P. C. Henderson Durham, K.C.B.). Mottoes, as the last. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, ar. a crescent gu. on a chiet az. three mullets of the field, in collar point a mullet of the third; 2nd and 3rd, Rutherford, as above. Crest—A dolphin naiant ppr. Supporters—Dexter, a sailor holding in his exterior hand a French tricolor flag, lowered and surmounted by a British red flag, inscribed “Guadaloupe” all ppr.; sinister, a horse reguard. ar. holding in his mouth a French tricolor flag, the staff broken all ppr.
10) (Edinburgh, 1680, now Durham-Weir, of Boghead, co. Linlithgow). Motto—Augeor dum progredior. Or, a crescent gu. on a chief az. three mullets ar. over all a bendlet engr. of the second. Crest—An increscent gu.
11) (Duntarvie, co. Forfar). Motto—Vive Deo. Or, on a fess az. betw. two crescents, the upper one inverted gu. three mullets ar. Crest—A hand pulling a thistle ppr.
12) Gu. three lozenges in fesse erm.
13) Gu. four lozenges in fesse erm. within a bordure engr. ar.