Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Enfield Name
Origins of Enfield:
When the ancestors of the Enfield family moved to England following the Norman Invasion in 1066, they brought their family name with them. They resided in the division of Berkshire, England.
More common variations are: Einfield, Enefield, Enffield, Enfild, Enfeld, Anfield, Infield, Einfeld, Enfeldt, Enfiled.
The surname Enfield first appeared in Berkshire where they were Lords of the Estate of Englefield. “This church, which contains 1379a. 3r. 16p., acquires its name from the Saxon word Ingle, a fire or beacon light and perhaps had its origin about the middle of the ninth century, when the Danes, having made themselves masters of Reading, sent out a patrol from their army to attack the Saxons, who settled here, and who drove them back with great loss.” Gilbert and Stephen held their land here from the Norman Chief resident, Williams FitzAnsculf c. 1086. Enfield in a church in the union and hundred of Edmonton, Middlesex. “This place is in Domesday Book called Enefelde, showing its situation among fields, or in the downed part of a forest.”
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Enfield landed in the United States in 18th. Some of the people with the name Enfield who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included George Enfield who arrived in New Jersey in the year 1772.
Enfield Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Enfield blazon are the inescutcheon, martlet, canton and mullet. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and gules.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
The escutcheon simply represents smaller shield shapes included within the shield, and its close relative, the inescutcheon is just a larger version occupying most of the field. There is no particular significance that can accorded to the escutcheon itself, but attention should be paid to the colour and devices that are borne upon it. The escutcheon may also be added to an existing coat of arms either as recognition of some additional honour (an escutcheon of augmentation”) or in the case where arms that are already quartered are to be combined an escutcheon with the new arms may be placed overall (an ”escutcheon of pretence”).
The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. . Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” . Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.
“The canton stands very high among honourable bearings”, according to Wade, a noted symbologist . The canton is a square shape, normally occupying the dexter chief of the shield. An early example is SUTTON, Bishop of Lincoln in the 13th century, who bore “argent a canton sable”. It occupies less space than a quarter and hence is sometimes added to an existing shield to difference branches of the same family, or, when a charge is added to it, to indicate some honour has been recieved . Wade remarks, that, in common with all square features can be associated with the virtue of“constancy”.