Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (co. Middlesex). Vert a cross ar. charged with a cross formee gu. betw. four eagles displ. of the second.
2) (co. Sussex). Same Arms. Crest—An eagle displ. ar. membered or.
3) Az. on a cross ar. betw. four eagles displ. or, a cross formee sa.
4) Erm. two chev. sa.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Fenner Coat of Arms and Family Crest
This unusual surname is a derived form of the ancient ‘Fenner’ or ‘Venner’, and as such found in Britain, the Netherlands, and Germany, from whence the word probably acquired. More common variations are: Fennery, Feinner, Fennera, Fienner, Fenneir, Fener, Fennerey, Fennyery, Venner, Fanner.
The surname Fenne first found in Sussex. Some of the family also appeared in the church of Horley in Surrey from ancient times. The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Walter Le Venneur, dated 1195, in the Pipe Rolls of the county of Cambridge. It was during the reign of King Richard 1, who was known as “The Lionheart”, dated 1189-1199. Surname all over the country became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Some of the people with the name Fenner who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Arthur Fenner, who settled in Providence, Rhode Island in 1630. John Fenner, who settled in Connecticut in 1630. Rebecca Fenner, who settled in Boston in 1635. Rebecca Fenner, aged 25, who landed in New England in 1635. John Fenner, who arrived in New Haven, Connecticut in 1639. People with the surname Fenner who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Daniel Fenner, who landed in Virginia in 1715. Anna Fenner, who arrived in Carolina in 1738. Felix Fenner, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1765. Hen-rich Fenner, who arrived in New York, NY in 1782. William Fenner, who landed in Mississippi in 1799.
Some of the people with the surname Fenner who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Thomas Fenner, aged 62, who arrived in New York in 1812. William Fenner, who arrived in New York, NY in 1833. Thomas Fenner, aged 32, who landed in New York in 1854. James Fenner, aged 4, who landed in New York in 1854. Harvey Fenner, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1854.
Some of the individuals with the surname Fenner who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Alfred Fenner, aged 18, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship “Catherine”. Some of the population with the surname Fenner who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Thomas S. Fenner, aged 39, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Forfarshire” in 1873.
Fenner Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Fenner blazon are the cross formee and eagle. The two main tinctures (colors) are vert and argent.
The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” . It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found . More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald . More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross formee is typical of these, (also known as a cross pattee) it has arms which broaden out in smooth curves towards the ends.
Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period . They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject , but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!