Origin, Meaning, Family History and Field Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Field, is a surname which is thought to be primarily Anglo-Saxon. Variations of the name; however, can be traced back to families in Ireland, Scotland, Germany, and Normandy. Variations of the name include Fields, Fielding, Delafield, Veld, Van den Veld, and De la Felda as well as others. It should also be noted, many Jewish surnames containing Feld also derive from Field. Many of the Jewish surnames we are familiar with today which contain “Feld” resulted from the shorting of the original in order to Americanize the name. The name and its variants translate to mean one who lives near an open expanse of land such as a field or meadow.
The, first, recording, of an individual bearing any variation of the name is found in the Gloucestershire, England registers of the Knights Templar. In 1158 Robert de Felde’s name was listed in the register during the reign of King Henry 11th century. Because of the popularity of the Field name it is difficult to determine main family lines of descent. It should be noted that the 17th century saw several Field family members rise to prominence within England.
One such notable personage the Reverend Richard Field, an academic, philosopher, and cleric. He was one of the early driving forces behind the nascent Anglican church of England. He earned his Doctorate of Divinity at Oxford (Queen’s College.) The Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household, 2nd Baron Hundson brought Richard Field to preach a sermon to Queen Elizabeth at her court in Windsor. He was shortly thereafter installed as a religious minister ( in the ordinary) at Windsor. His writings have been seen as inflammatory, in their virulent defense of the new Anglican church. He was one of its staunchest supporters, and his writings helped to influence the new protestant church being formed in Scotland.
Another notable individual bearing a variation of the name is William Feilding. Feilding was a soldier, he was rewarded for his service by King James I. In 1622, the Earldom of Denbigh was created, which was in addition to Fielding already holding the titles Baron Feilding and Viscount Feilding, which had been created for him in 1620.
William Feilding had two sons. The eldest son, Basil, inherited his father’s titles upon his father’s death. In 1628 the title of Earl of Desmond was created for the youngest of the two sons, George. When Basil died he had no children; therefore, left no heir to his title it then transferred to his nephew, William, who was George’s oldest son.
William then became 3rd Earl of Denbigh and 2nd Earl of Desmond as he not only gained his uncle’s title but his father’s as well. Both titles are still held by William Feilding’s antecedent. Alexander Stephen Rudolph Feilding is the current 12th Earl of Denbigh and 11th Earl of Desmond. The heir apparent is Alexander’s son Peregrine Rudolph Henry Feilding.
Major General Sir Geoffrey Percy Thynne Feilding was a distinguished figure in the British military in the last half of the 19th and the early part of the 20th Century. He fought in the Second Boer war rising to the rank of Major. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order ( one of the highest awards for bravery in the British military.) He rose the rank of General and then was promoted to Major General. He was mentioned in dispatches seven times in the first world war. (dispatches, were a way to commend a soldier for their bravery.) He was knighted as both a Knight Commander of the Bath ( a military order.) Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (for personal service to the crown,) Companion to Order of St Michael and St. George. Major-General Fielding served in the battle of the Somme.-Incidentally one of the bloodiest battles of World War I.
The earliest mention of immigrants to America appear in records from 1607. Thomas Field arrived and settled in Jamestown, Virginia. Immigration records show additional Fields arrived in the new world settling along the eastern coast of America, from Virginia to the New England states.
Places associated with Field, Fields, Fielding:
England, Denbigh, Oxfordshire, Oxford University, Somerset, Windsor Chapel, Windsor Castle, Peninsular War, Crimean, South Africa, France, Battle of the Somme, Virginia, Jamestown Virginia, Chesterfield, Driffield, Huddersfield, Lichfield, Macclesfield, Mansfield, Sheffield.
Notable Personalities with the name of Field:
Frederick Field and Marshall Field, scientist and inventors, E. J. Field, David Field, and Roger C. Field. The surname Field is also represented in the entertainment industry by such people as actors; David Field, Sally Field, and Sylvia Field, athletes; William Field, Ernie Field, and Amon Field, and musician; Billy Field.
Royal personages and Nobles associated with Field:
Queen Elizabeth I, 2nd Baron Hundson Lord Chamberlain to Elizabeth I, James I, Queen Anne, Queen Victoria to Elizabeth II. House of Lords, Royal College of Heralds, Dynastic Military Knightly Orders of the Garter, Bath and the Royal Victorian Order.
Field Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Field blazon are the garb, chevron, lion and trefoil. The three main tinctures (colors) are argent, sable and vert .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” . It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found . More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald . More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!
Europe in the middle ages was still a largely agrarian society, and the wealth of the nobility resided in their estates and land. Since most people still lived and worked on the land they would find farm implements instantly recognisable, (an important feature for a coat of arms), even if they seem obscure to us today. The garb for example is an ancient word for wheatsheaf, something now more frequently seen in Inn signs than in the field!
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield , or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” , possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.