Fox Surname Name Meaning, Origin, History, & Etymology
This derives from the nickname “the fox”, referring to the cunning and sly disposition possessed by the name bearer. Alternatively, it may have referred to a person with red hair (like the red fur of a fox). The name originally started as the Gaelic surname O’Sionnaigh, deriving from the word sionnach, meaning “fox”. In 1333 AD, the Shanachs in Ireland anglicized their name to Fox. The word derives from the Middle English and Old English word fox. A branch of this family migrated to county Limerick, Ireland where they became prominent landowners, where Mountfox near Kilmallock bears their name. In some instances it may be connected with the Yorkshire family of Fawkes, and if this be the case, the name is ultimately the Norman Vaux or De Vallibus. In some cases it is an Americanized spelling of the German surname Fochs, Fuchs, or Foulks.
Foxes earned a reputation for being clever and they never run in a straightline, but rather only iun circle. When the fox wants to eat a bird, it rolls in the mud so that it appears to be covered in blood, and lies lifeless to deceive the bird.
Some spelling variants or names with similar etymologies include Foxe, Foxx, Foix, Foox, Foex, McFox, and Fowx. The name is also present in a variety of other British surnames: Fairfox, Foxley, Foxcrofte, Foxall, and Foxhall. Similar foreign names include Foka (Norse), Fokke and Fauke (French), Fockx (Flemish, and Fock (Swedish).
Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name Fox ranks 167th in popularity in the United Status as of the 2000 Census. The name ranks particularly high in the following six states: Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Montana. As one can see, the name is heavily concentrated in the Midwest.
Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, 1705-1774
The surname Fox frequency/commonness ranks as follows in the British Isles: England (106th), Scotland (308th), Wales (167th), Ireland (116th) and Northern Ireland (158th). In England, it ranks highest in county Norfolk. In Scotland, the surname Fox ranks highest in Roxburghshire. In Wales, it ranks highest in Flintshire. In Ireland, it ranks highest in counties Meath and West Meath. In Northern Ireland, it ranks highest in county Tyrone.
The name is also present throughout the remainder English speaking world: Canada (321st), New Zealand (197th), Australia (177th), and South Africa (929th).
The 1890 book Homes of Family Names by H.B. Guppy, states the following in regard to this surname: “This name has its home in the midlands, being particularly numerous in Derbyshire, and afterwards in Notts, Leicestershire. and Oxfordshire. It is not represented in my list in the south - west of England. When we examine the Hundred Rolls of the time of Edward I., we find that this name occurred then in Notts, Worcestershire, and Oxfordshire—counties where it is established in our own time; it was also found in that reign in Cambridgeshire and Beds” and “The noted family of Fox of Derby came originally from Grete in Warwickshire, where the parent family resided during the 15th and 16th centuries; they settled in Derby about 200 years ago”.
Early Bearers of the Surname
The Hundred Rolls of 1273 AD, a census of Wales and England, known in Latin as Rotuli Hundredorum lists two bearers of this surname: John Fox (county York) and Richard Fox (county Norfolk). The Poll Tax of Yorkshire in 1379 AD lists numerous bearers of this last name, including Matilda Fox, Robertus Fox, and Johannes Fox (a smyth). An early marriage involving this surname were Agnes Foxe to Thomas Hyndy at St. Dionis Backchurch in 1576 AD. William Fox was tenant in lands of the Abbey of Kelso, Scotland in 1567 AD. A one William Fox was documented in Bogtoune of Dulleward, Scotland, in 1631 AD.
Fox Family Tree & Fox Genealogy
Lane-Fox of Braham Park
George Lane-Fox was an Esquire of Bramham Park, county York, as well as a Justice of the Peace, Deputy Lieutenant of West Riding and Leitrim, and High Sheriff in 1846. He was born in 1748 and in 1837, he married Katherine Mary, daughter of John Stein, with whom he had the following issue: George Sackville Frederick (Justice of the Peace and officer of the Yorkshire Hussars, married Fanny Maleule, daughter of Lieutenant General Marcus John Slade, had issue), James Thomas Richard (served in the Grenadier Guards), Henry (member of the Royal Horse Guards) Marcia, Caroline Alexina, and Kathleen Mary. The lineage of this branch of the Fox family tree traces back to William Fox who lived during the reign of King Edward IV in the fifteenth century, who my marriage to Sibil, daughter of John de Grete, acquired the lands of Grete, county Worcester and was the progenitor of the Fox and Grete families. From him descended John Fox, an Esquire born in 1617, the son of Edmund Fox of Birmingham and the grandson of Thomas Fox of Grete. He married Thomasine Blayney, daughter of Henry, 2ndz Lord Blayney, and had five children with her: Penelope (married Hugh Morgan of Cotletsdown), Mary, Jane, Catherine, and Henry, His son Henry was his successor and this Henry first married Jane, daughter of Robert Oliver of Clonodfoy, and had several sons with her who all died ypung. He secondly married Francis Lane, the daughter of Sir George Lane of Tulske, with whom he had four daughters (Denny Henrietta, Jane, Francis, and Anne) and four sons. The eldest surviving son was George Fox, Esquire and Member of Parliament for York, England who received sizeable property of the Lord Lanesborough and assumed in 1750, the additional surname and arms of Lane. In 1731, he married Harriet, daughter and heiress of Robert Benson, Ambassador to Spain, and had a son with her named Robert. This Robert was born in August of 1732. He first married Mildred, daughter and heir of John Bourchier of Beningborough and later Lady Bridget Henley, daughter of Robert, Earl of Northington. He died in 1772 and his estates and lands in England and Ireland went to his nephew. This nephew was James Fox-Lane, an Esquire of Braham Park and Member of Parliament for Horsham. In 1789, he married Marcia Lucy Pitt, daughter of George, Lord Rivers and fathered five children with her as follows: George, William Augustus (married Lady Caroline Douglas, had two sons), Sackville Water (Member of Parliament, married Lady Charlotte Mary Anne Georgiana Osborne, had two sons and three daughters), Reverend Thomas Henry, and Marcia Bridget (married Sir Edward Marmaduke). He died in 1821 and was succeeded by his eldest son, George-Lane Fox, and Esquire of Braham Park, Member of Parliament, Deputy Lieutenant, and Major of the Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry. In 1824, he married Georgiana Henrietta, daughter of Edward Pery Buckley of Minestead Lodge and Lady Georgiana West, and had issue with her as follows: George Lane-Fox (mentioned at the beginning of this paragraph), Georgiana Marcia, and Frederica Elizabeth (married Adolphus Frederick Octavia Liddell). The Fox Coat of Arms (erroneously called the Fox Family Crest) is blazoned in heraldry as follows: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, a chevron between three foxes’ head erased gules, for Fox; 2nd and 3rd, argent, a lion rampant gules within a border sable on a canton azure a harp and crown or, for Lane. They were seated at Braham Park, bear Tadcaster, and Dromahaire, county Leitrim, Ireland.
Fox of Fox Hall
Richard Edward Fox, was an Esquire of Fox Hall in county Longford, England who was born in 1846 and became a Justice of the Peace and High Sheriff. In 1870, he married Emily, daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Godley, and had issue with her as follows: Richard Niall Maxwell Barry, Adeline Frances Mary, Florence, and Evelyn Marian Emily. The Fox genealogy of this line begins with the O’Caharny family, who later changed their name to O’Sionach, which was finally Anglicized to Fox, descend from Maine, the 1st King of Teffia, and 4th son of Niall (King of Ireland who lived in the 300s or 400s AD). Many generations late came Sir Patrick Fox, of Moyvore, county Westmeath, Ireland, who was Council Interpretor of Irish to the State, who was born prior to 1560. He purchased the lands and castle of Rathreogh. He married Janet, daughter of Walter Newman, and later Catherine, daughter of Sir Gerald Aylmer of Donadea. He died in 11618 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir Nathaniel Fox, of Rathreogh, now Fox Hall, who was born in 1588 and married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Walter Hussey of Moy Hussey. He died in 1634 and had eight sons and three daughters. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Patrick Fox, Esquire of Fox Hall who was born in 1614. Patrick married Barbara, daughter of Patrick, 7th Baron Dunsany and Jane Heneage, and he had issue with her. The eldest surviving son of this marriage was Charles Fox. Charles was born in 1636 and had, by his wife Elizabeth, four sons and two daughters as follows: Patrick (of Fox Hall, married Francis Herbert), Charles, Peyton, (settled at Port Mahon, married Marthabetta Maria Piers), Robert (Grand Chamberlain and Escheator-General), Alice (married William Persse of Spring Hill), and Jane (married Anthony Hickman of Ballyket). He later married Thomazine, daughter of Colom Prime Iron Rochfort of Beltranner, and had a daughter with her. His second son was Charles Fox, Esquire of Fox Hall, who married Miss Whitney, daughter of Colonel Whitnet of Newpass, and had one son with her. This son was also named Charles, who in 1725 married Jane, daughter of J. West, and had three sons and two daughters with her. His eldest son was Francis Fox who was born in 1727. In 1759, he married Mary, daughter of Richard Edgeworth, and had a son with her named Richard. This Richard Fox was born in 1760 and was a Colonel of the Militia. In 1787, he married Lady Anne Maxwell, daughter of Barry, Earl of Farnham, and by her had five daughters and five sons as follow: Francis (his heir), Barry (Brevet-Major in the army, married Sophia Eddworth, had issue named Maxwell, William Waller, Mary Anne, and Charlotte), Charles (of Keady, Member of Parliament for Longford), Reverend John Hames (married Harriet Louisa Beresford, had issue named Willoughby George, Charles Maxwell, Francis, Frederic, Barry John, Emily Grace, Charlotte Silvia, and Herriet Elizabeth), Richard (married Jane Campbell, had issued named Maxwell Sinclair, Charles de Bassan, Henry, Grise Stanhope, Cecil, Edward, Selina Matilda), Margaret Grace, Mary Anne, Henrietta, Selina Judith (married James Saunderson), and Elizabeth. He died in 1833 and was succeeded by his eldest son: The Reverend Francis Fox of Fox Hall who was born in 1788, and in 1811, married Frances, daughter of Reverend Jemmett Browne of Riverstown in Cork, Ireland, and he had eight children with her: Richard Maxwell (his heir), John James Barry, Jemmett George (married Dora), Fanny Arabella (married Dr. Francis Robinson), Grace Margaret (Major W.W. Stephenson), Anne, Selina Mary (married Honorable Byron C.P. Cary), and Henrietta (married Humphry Grylls of Cornwall). He died in 1834 and was succeed by his son, Richard Maxwell Fox, a Member of Parliament and Deputy Lieutenant for county Longford, who was born in 1816. In 1835, Richard Maxwell married Susan Amelia, daughter of Admiral Sir L.W. Halsted, and had six children with her: Francis William, Richard Edward (mentioned at the beginning of this paragraph), Emma Louisa (married Captain William Warren Fox), Frances Amelia, Annie Elizabeth (married Lieutenant Colonel Ralph Dopping Hepstal of Derry Cassan), and Susan Henrietta. The Fox Coat of Arms (mistakenly called the Fox Family Shield by some) has the following heraldic blazon: Azure, a scepter in bend between two regal crows chief of the last. Crest: A winged scepter. This family was seated at Fox Hall, Lenamore, county Longford.
Fox of Kilcoursey
James George Hubert Fox was an Esquire of Killagy Castle , county Tipperary, who was a Lieutenant of the 5th Lancers, who in 1865, married Elizabeth Amelia Lilian, daughter of Reverend J.B. Grant, Rector of Raconrath, and had three children with her: Brabazon Hubert Maine, Arthur James, and Eleanor Francis. He later married Georgiana Frances, daughter of Reverend C. Elrington McKay. The lineage of this branch of the Fox family tree begins with a family that claims descent from the royal line of O’Neill and derive from Teige, who was named Sionnagh, the Irish word for a fox, from which point on the family was srtled Sionnagh, which was later Anglicized to Fox. They owned the barony of Kilcoursey in King’s County, Ireland. Hubert Fox of Lehinchie, barony of Kilcoursie, lived in 1599, and was the son of Brassil Fox and grandson of Own Fox. He was the 30th in descent from Neill Niagallach, King of Ireland. He died in 1600 and was succeeded by his nephew, Brasill Fox, Esquire of Kilcoursey, the son of Arthur Fox. Brassil married Mary, daughter of Hugh Macgeoghegan of Castletown, and left issue with her. His eldest son was Hubert Fox. Hubert was an Esquire of Kilcoursey who married Mary, daughter of Lewis of O’Connor, and had a son with her named Brassil. Several generations later came William Fox of Dublin, who was born around 1785. William married Ellen, daughter of Adam Loftus Lynn, and had several issue with her, who settled in Wisconsin, United States. The Fox Arms are blazoned as follows: Argent, a lion rampany and in chief two dexter hands couped at the wrist. Crest: An arm embowed in armour grasping a sword all proper.
Fox of Grove Hill
Grove Hill House
Robert Fox was an Esquire of Grove Hill, Cornwall, England, who was the nephew of George Croker Fox. He was born in 1845 and in 1867, he married Ellen Mary, daughter of Francis Bassett of The Heath, Leighton, and had two issue with her: Robert Barclay and Lilian Isabel. The Fox genealogy begins with a common ancestor from which several branches of the family reee in the west of England descend, a one Francis Fox. He is believed to have from the parish of Farley or Pitton in Wiltshire, England around the year 1645, settling in St. Germans, Cornwall. Around 1646, he married Dorothy Kekwich, and had three sons with her: Francis, John, and James (married Elizabeth Record, had issue, lived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). He died in 1670 and was succeeded by his eldest son Francis. Francis was an Esquire of St. Germans who married Joan, daughter of Richard Smith of Plymouth, and had three sons with her: Francis, John, Joshua, as well as two daughers, Rachel (married George Hodge of Plymouth) and Deborah (married Samuel Croker). He later married Tabitha, daugfhter of George Croker, and had issue with her as follows: Franis (married Mary Cogger and had issue named Francis, Benjamin, Stephen Francis), George, John (of Plymouth, married Loball Applebee and later Lydia Barry), Mary (married Andrew Ellicott of Collumpton), Sarah (married Philip Debell of Looe), Dororthy (married Joseph Collier), and Rachel. He died in 1704. His second son George Fox was an Esquire of Par, near Fowey, Cornwall, who married Mary, daughter of Edward Bealing of Penryn in 1719, have issue with her, including two daughters and a son named Edward (married Anna Were of Wellington). George later married Anna, daughter of Philip Debell of East Looe in 1726, and had three daughters with her. Several generations later came George Croker Fox of Grove Hill, near Falmouth, who married Catharine, daughter and co-heiress of William Young of Leominster, who had a son with her, also named George Croker. His son George, in 1810, married Lucy, daughter of Robert Barclar of Bury Hill, and had no issue. He died in 1850, and was succeeded by his cousin, Robert Barclay Fox of Grove Hill, the only son of Robert Were Fox. In 1844, Robert married Jane Gurney, daughter of Mathew Backhouse, and had four children with her: Robert (mentioned at the beginning of this paragraph), George Croker (married Ada Mary, daughter of Captain Baldwin Arden Wake, had issue named George Croker, Myra Caroline Arden, Herewal, and Evelyn Croke), Joseph Gurney (married Margaret May Just, had issue named Juliet Maud Gurney and Margaret Jane Gurney), and Jane Hannah Backhouse. The armorial bearing within this family is blazoned in heraldry as follows: Ermine, on a chevron azure three foxes heads erased within a bordure flory of the second and on a canton of the same a drinking cup of the third bearing three fleur-de-lis proper on the urn and charged in the centre with a rose gules. Crest: A fox sejant or, collared azure, its paws resting on a fleur-de-lis argent. Motto: Faire sans dire.
Fox of Brislington
Joseph Fox was an Esquire of Falmouth, son of George Fox or Par, who in 1754, married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Hingston of Penryn, and had five daughters and six sons with her:: Anna (married William Rawes and later Thomas Thompson), Elizabeth (married John Allen of Liskeard), Sarah, Tabitha, Rachel, Joseph (of London and Wood Corrage, Mylor), Edward Long, Richard (married Hanna Forster, had issue named Priscilla, Elizabeth, Richard H., Josiah F., and Joseph),
Myra Alice, Lady Fox
Sir Gifford Wheaton Grey Fox was the 2nd Baronet, and a Member of Parliament who was born in 1903 and succeeded his father in 1925. He was educated at Magdalen College Oxford, and served in World War II. In 1927, he married Honorable Myra Alice Newtwon, daughter of Baron Eltisley and Lady Huntingfield, and had a daughter with her named Georgina Myra Albinia born in 1930. The lineage traces back to John Fox of Darmouth, who died in October of 1858. His son was named John Palk Fox, of Liverpool, who was born in 1824. In 1850 he married Ann Eliza Stanley. He died in 1901, leaving a son, Sir Gilbert Wheaton Fox who was the 1st Baronet and a Justice of the Peace. He was born in 1863 and was created a Baronet in 1924. In 1902, he married May, daughter of Edward William Jones of Hoylake, and had issue with her: Sir Gifford (mentioned above) and Adeline Betty Daphne (married Captain Basil Holmsdale Allfrey and later Adrian Holman). The coat of arms for this family is blazoned as follows in heraldry: Per chevron azure and or, in chief two foxes’ heads erased of the second, and in base a rose gules, barbed and seeded proper. Crest: A demi-fox proper, resting in sinister paw on a rose as in the arms. Motto: Vigila et aude.
Other Fox Pedigree and Family Trees
LTC George Richard Lane-Fox, 1st Baron Bingley
Richard Fox was born in 1395. He had a son named John. John was born around 1430 and he had a son named William. William was born in 1497 in Stewkley, Buckinghamshire. He married a daughter of the Hawess family and had a son with her named William. This William Fox was born in Great Missenden, England and married Anne Lane, with whom he had a son named Henry. Henry was born in the same town in 1578 and he married Elizabeth Pickernell. Together they had a son named Captain John Fox Sr. who was born in Stepney, Middlesex, England around 1602. He married Elizabeth Convers and had the following issue with her: Richard, George, John, Isabell, Stephen, Thomas, Peter, Mary, and William.
Thomas Fox was born in Wadebridge, Egloshayle, Cornwall in 1747. He went to colonial America. His son was Frank Fox, who was born in Rowan, North Carolina in 1781. Frank married Martha Cunningham and fathered two children with her: Elias and Doctor Franklin. His son Elias was born in North Carolina around 1796 and he married Elizabeth Moss in 1822 in Indiana. They had a son together named William S. who was born un Washington, Indiana in 1823. He married Celia Hill and had the following issue with her: Hiram, Elias, Martha, Nancy Elizabeth, Alvarine, and William Sherman Tecumseh. His son William Sherman Techumseh Fox was born in Numa, Iowa in 1865. He married Ida J. Shedeker and had the following issue with her: Zella Ellen, James M., Roy Grover, Bertie, and Celeste Elmina Victoria. His son Roy Grover Fox was born in Numa, Iowa in 1890. He married Opal Maril Vandorn and had a daughter with her named Elmina Yvonne who was born in 1925 and married into the VanHoorn family.
Early American and New World Settlers
John Fox, age 19, came to St. Christopher’s, Barbados in January 1634.
Joseph Fox, age 25, came to New England aboard the Abigall in June 1635.
Richard Fox, age 15, came to New England aboard the Fox in June 1635.
Hugh Fox, age 24, came to Virginia aboard the America in June 1635.
John Fox, age 33, came to Virginia aboard the Transport of London in July 1635.
Nicholas Fox, age 20, came to Virginia aboard the Paule of London in July 1635.
William Fox, age 21, came to Virginia aboard the Primrose of Virginia in July 1635.
George Fox, age 14, came to Virginia aboard the George in August 1635.
Stephen Fox came to the Carolinas aboard the Mary in March 1679.
Phillis Fox came to the Carolinas aboard the Mary in March 1679.
The book Genealogical Guide to the Early Settlers, mentions two bearers of this last name:
1) Thomas Fox of Concord, Massachusetts, a freeman in 1639, married Rebecca and had issue named Mary (1642), Elizabeth, and Eliphalet. He later married Hannah Brooks and had issue with her named Hannah (1647), Thomas (1650), Samuel, Mary, John, and Isaac (1657). He died in 1658.
2) Thomas Fox of Cambridge, a freeman and a selectman in 1658. His second wide was Ellen, widow of Percival Green, who died in 1682. His next wife was Elizabeth, widow of Charles Chadwick. He likely had one child, named Jabez, who was born in 1647. He died in 1693 at the age of 85.
3) Richard Fox of Wethersfield, who married Beriah, daughter of Richard Smith.
Other early settlers in colonial America bearing this surname include: Francis Fox (Virginia 1659), Richard Fox (Virginia 1704), James Fox (Virginia 1706), Marmaduke Fox (Virginia 1714), James Fox (Virginia 1723), and Johanis Frans Fox (Pennsylvania 1732). In Canada, some of the earliest settlers bearing this last name were Christopher, Daniel, and Barnaby Fox who came to Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749. In Australia, one of the first bearers was Joseph Fox, a convict from Middlesex, England who came to New South Wales (then a penal colony) aboard the Almorah in 1817. In New Zealand, some of the first bearers came in the year 1840, when William Fox came to Wellington aboard the Geo Fife, Matthew Fox (age 22) came to Wellington aboard the London, and John Fox arrived at the Bay of Islands.
Early Americans Bearing the Fox Family Crest
Charles Bolton’s American Armory (1927) contains one entry for this surname:
1) Argent a chevron sable between three cocks gules, on a chief azure a fox courant or. Crest: a lion sejant guardant or, supporting with the dexter foot a book of the last. Tomb of Isabel Fox, wife of Rev. John Fox, Ware parish, Va. She d. 13 June, 1742, aged 38 years. Crozier's Va. Heral., p. 9.
Crozier’s General Armory (1904) contains one entry for this name:
1) Reverend John Fox or Virginia, Ware, Gloucester county. Argent, a chevron sable between thee cocks gules on a chief azure fox courant or. Crest: A lion sejant guardant or, supporting with the dexter foot a book of the last.
Matthew’s American Armoury and Bluebook (1907) does not contain an entry for this surname.
I have identified nine Fox family mottoes:
1) Et vitam impendere vero (To devote life to truth)
2) Video et taceo (I see and say nothing)
3) Faire sans dire (To do without speaking)
4) Non immemor beneficii (Not unmindful of the benefit)
5) J’ay ma foi tenu a ma puissance (I have kept my faith as far as I am able)
6) Sionnach aboo (The fox to victory)
7) Nec elatus nee dejectus (Neither elated nor dejected)
8) Fortitudine et sapientia (Strengthand wisdom)
9) Virtute et numine (By valour and divine aid)
Bishop Richard Foxe (1448-1528)
We have 36 coats of arms for the Fox surname depicted here. These 36 blazons are from Bernard Burke’s book The General Armory of England, Ireland, and Scotland, which was published in 1848. The bottom of this page contains the blazons, and in many instances contains some historical, geographical, and genealogical about where coat of arms was found and who bore it. People with this last name that bore an Fox Coat of Arms (or mistakenly called the Fox Family Crest)
1) Henry Fox of Youlgreave, county Derby, gentleman, 18 June 1664, by W. Dugdale. Or, a chevron gules between three foxes heads erased
2) John Fox of Ropley, county Lincolnshire, gentleman, coat and crest
3) John Fox of London, a goldsmith by trade, 1586 by Cooke
4) John Fox of the Accatry Larder, of H.M.’s House, by the King’s Command, 20 September 1661, by Sir E. Walker
5) Michaell Foxe of Chacham (or Chacombe), Northhans, 10 June 1551
6) Nevinson Fox of Eastry Court, Kent, 21 June 1673, by Walker, Bysshe and Dugdale
7) Ralph Fox of High Holborne, Middlesex, confirmed 12 June 1632, by R. St. George
8) Simeon Fox of Suffolk, England, by R. Browne, Bluemante(?)
9) Stephen Fox, Clerk of the Kitchen and of her Majesty’s travelling expenses, granted at Brussells 30 October 1658 by Walker
There are hundreds of notable people with the Fox surname. This page will mention a handful. Famous people with this last name include: 1) Charles William Fox (1920-2008) who was a Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II, the son of an Irish immigrant, born in Guelph, Ontario,
Gustavaus Vasa Fox
2) Gustavaus Vasa Fox (1821-1993) who was an officer in the United States Navy who served during the Mexican-American War and was the Assistant Secretary of the Navy during the American Civil War, born in Saugus, Massachusetts, 3) Peter Fox (1921-1989) was a member of the Legislature Assembly of Manitoba, Canada from twenty years between 1966-1986 and was also Speaker of the legislature during the 1970s, having been born in Yugoslavia, 4) Jamie Foxx (1967) who is an American actor, singer, comedian, and producer born in Terrell, Texas under the birth name Eric Marlon Bishop, 5) Edward Charles Morice Fox (1937) who was an English film, television, and stage actor born in Chelsea, London, known for his role in the film The Day of the Jackal, 6) Vivica Anjanetta Fox (1964) who was an American actress, producer, and TV host born in South Bend Indiana who is known for her roles in Days of Our Lives, Booty Call, Soul Food, and other works, 7) Adam Fox (1883-1977) who was a poet and Dean of Divinity at Magdalen College, Oxford who was part of a literary group called the Inklings, which included the famous authors J.R.R Tolkien and C.S. Lewis, 8) Emanuel Phillips Fox (1865-1915) who was an Australian Impressionist painter born in Melbourne, Victoria whose works include A love story and The Landing of Captain Cook at Botany Bay, 9) John Foxe (1516-1587) who was an English author and historian born in Boston, Lincolnshire who kept an accounting of Christian martyrs through the history of the West, 10) Michael J. Fox (1961) who is a Canadian-American actor born in Edmonton, Alberta who is known for his roles in Back to the Future Trilogy, Family Ties, and Spin City.