Fulcher Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Fulcher Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Fulcher:
This interesting surname is of early English origin and acquired from a Germanic particular name combination of the components “folk”, people and “hari, heri”, army. The name introduced into England by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066. Isolated examples of the name may acquire from the Old English pre 7th Century “Folchere”, or the Old Norse “Folkar”, of uncertain origin, but these names were far less common. The personal name first noted as “Fulcher” in the Domesday Book of 1086. The surname advancement since 1167 includes the following as Peter Fulker (1212, Wiltshire), Eustace Folchir (1212, Hampshire), Nicholas Fuker (1234, Devonshire) and Warin Fucher (1235, Essex). The new surname can have appeared as Fulcher, Fulger, Fo(u)lger, Fulker and Folker, and mainly appeared in East Anglia. Among the records in Norfolk is the christening of Richard, son of Matthew Fulcher, in February 1566 at St. Peter’s, Forncett, and the wedding of Edward Fulcher and Cicely Thorp in September 1612 at All Saints, Norwich.
More common variations are: Foulcher, Fullcher, Fulcheri, Fulcheer, Fualcher, Flcher, Fulchr, Fulchieri, Fulchiero, Flecher.
The surname Fulcher first appeared in Lincolnshire and Derbyshire where they were given lands about the time of William the Champion. Historically, the Fulchers known as the Champions of Burgundy and recordings appeared of the name spelt Fulchere in Normandy (1180-1195). The name could have also acquired from the Ango-Saxon word folgere”, in other words, a follower, an attendant, a free-man who did not have a house of his own.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Roger Fulchier, dated about 1167, in the “Pipe Rolls of Hampshire”. It was during the time of King Henry II who was known to be the “The Builder of Churches”, dated 1154 – 1189. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Fulcher had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Fulcher landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Fulcher who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included John Fulcher, who purchased land in Virginia in 1652.
People with the surname Fulcher who landed in the United States in the 18th century included William Fulcher, who immigrated to Virginia in 1773.
The following century saw much more Fulcher surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Fulcher who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Joshua Fulcher, who immigrated to Texas in 1835.
Individuals with the surname Fulcher settled in Canada in the 19th century. Some of the individuals with the surname Fulcher who came to Canada in the 19th century included David Fulcher, who noted in the 1871 census of Ontario.
Some of the individuals with the surname Fulcher who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Thomas Fulcher, English convict from Norfolk, who was transported aboard the “Arab” in February 1834, settling in Van Diemen’s Land, Australia.
Some of the population with the surname Fulcher who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Patience Fulcher arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Dunedin” in 1875.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Fulcher:
United States 7,732; England 2,086; Canada 531; Australia 516; Philippines 451; Brazil 191; New Zealand 144; France 122; South Africa 91; Wales 68
William Marcus Fulcher (born February 1934) is an old American football player and coach. He played college football at the Georgia Institute of Technology and then for the Washington Redskins in the National Football League. He served as head football coach at the University of Tampa in 1971 and his mater, Georgia Tech, in 1972 and 1973.
Byron Fulcher was a trombonist.
Colin Fulcher, aka Barney Bubbles, was a graphic artist.
David Fulcher was an old American Football player.
Jonni Fulcher was a pocket billiard player.
Mondriel Fulcher was an American football player.
Rich Fulcher was an American comedy performer.
Russ Fulcher was a Republican member of the Idaho Senate.
Fulcher Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Fulcher blazon are the lion, bend, anchor and plate. The three main tinctures (colors) are argent, gules and ermine .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 1Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.8Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63 11Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 12A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60, a sentiment echoed equally today.
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right 14Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40. Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). 15A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22. The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank 16The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49.
A wide variety of inanimate objects 17A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281 appear in coats of arms, so of them still recognisable today, others now rather obscure. The images used are often simplified and stylised, the anchor is a typical case. For any meaning, we need look no further than a nautical or sea-faring heritage. Indeed, some arms go into great detail of the colours and arrangement of the stock, stem, cables and flutes of the anchor reflecting a detailed knowledge of the form and use of this device. 18A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:anchor.