Origin, Meaning, Family History and Hansard Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Hansard:
Though this is an old English name in its title, it is a regionally acquired name form of the pre-old (11th Century) “Hausard,” a metonymic or professional of a producer of knives and weapons. The name originates from the French “hansart,” itself composed of the Germanic components “hant” which means hand, and “sach,” which means a sword. Although “Hansards” have been landholders in the Surrey-Sussex area since the 12th Century, the name and its alternatives has its greatest demand in East Anglia, and especially in Norwich. It was the home of Luke Hansard (1752 – 1828), who created the Parliamentary Record, which still holds his name. The different forms, such as Hansed or Hansod, is much less. Examples of the spelling are William Hansed, who married Amy Johnson at Parson Drove, Island of Ely, in 1791, Mary Ann Hansed, who married James Preston at Kings Lynn, Norfolk, in November 1843, and Reginald William Hansed, born at Wisbech, Cambridge, in April 1900, in the period of Queen Victoria (1837 – 1901).
More common variations are: Hansarod, Hanssard, Hansarad, Hansarud, Hansaward, Hansord, Hansart, Hansrod, Hanserd, Hansrud.
The surname Hansard first appeared in Durham where they held a family seat as kings of the palace of Evenwood in that shire, and were ancient representatives of the Parliament of the priest of Durham, that were an outstanding Border Tribe. As with most of the Edge Tribes, they obtained nicknames, and the Hansards distinguished as the “Handsome Hansards.”
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of John Hansod, dated about 1726, at “St. Clement’s Church”, Norwich. It was during the time of King George 1st, who was known to be the “Hanover George,” dated 1715-1727. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Hansard had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Hansard landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Hansard who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Peter Hansard who landed in North America in the year 1764. William Hansard, who landed in Virginia in the year 1792.
The following century saw more Hansard surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Hansard who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included John Hansard, who arrived in New York in the year 1837.
Some of the individuals with the surname Hansard who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Nestor Hansard arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Anglia” in the year 1851.
Some of the population with the surname Hansard who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Albert W Hansard landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840. J T Hansard landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Hansard: United States 1,972; England 296; Australia 95; New Zealand 59; Ireland 44; United Arab Emirates 23; Canada 20; Wales 2; Vietnam 1; France 1.
Bart Hansard (b. 1963), is a Finnish/Swedish-American actor on Tyler Perry’s House of Payne. He was born in the year 1963.
Glen Hansard was born in April in the year 1970. He is an Irish composer, actor, entertainer and guitarist for the Irish group The Frames, and one half of the folk-rock duo The Swell Season. He is also known for his performances, having appeared in the BAFTA-winning film The Commitments and a leading role in the film Once.
Luke Hansard (1752–1828), was an English printer of Journals of the House of Commons.
Thomas Curson Hansard (November 1776–May 1833) was the son of the printer, Luke Hansard.
Hansard Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Hansard blazon are the martlet and mullet. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. . Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” . Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.
The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” . A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires . In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” .