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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

[Borne by William Hanning, of Dillington-House, Ilminster, Somersetshire, 1824.] Erm. on a chief gu. three bucks' heads, cabossed, or. Crest:, a stag's head, erased, or.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Hanning Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Hanning Origin:


Origins of Hanning:

According to the early recordings of the spelling of the surname, this interesting and unique name is listed as Haining, Hainning, Haning, Hanning, and Henning, this is a Scottish surname. It was considered acquired from a place called 'The lands of Haynyng,' imagined to have been in the district of Dumfriesshire, where the name is very famous. However, it is quite possible that the name is geographical as there are two places from which the name could have acquired. These are Haining Palace in Stirlingshire, or The Haining, a hamlet in Selkirk. Geographical surnames are 'from' names. That is to say, names were given to people after they moved their first hamlet to travel someplace else. The simplest way to recognize such unknown persons was to describe them by the name of the place from where they arrived. The local importance was being very thick, and spelling at best common, lead to the advancement of similar or different spellings forms. In this situation, first examples of the surname registers contain as William Hanynyg who held lands in the barony of Halywode in 1630, and John Haining of Glenaber, who reinforced as the inheritor to the property of his father George, in 1655. The meaning of the place name and hence the next surname is apparently the 'fenced enclosure' from the pre 7th century Olde English word 'haegen,' meaning a ring barrier of thorn.


More common variations are: Hainning, Haenning, Hannieng, Haning, Henning, Haining, Hinning, Heaning, Hannink, Haaning.


The Hanning family name was associated with the old Anglo-Saxon tradition of Britain. Their name acquires from Hana, an Old English particular name. Patronymic surnames appeared out of the vernacuIar and religious given name cultures. This name is from the native culture. The native or locational naming tradition is the earliest and most universal type of patronymic surname. According to this culture, names formerly formed of dictionary components from the local style. Vernacular names that acquired from old Germanic particular names have alike in most European styles.


The origins of the surname Hanning found in Somerset where people held a family seat from early times. Some say better before the success of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings 1066 A.D. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Hanning landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Hanning who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Anne Hanning who settled in Virginia in 1655. Darby Hanning settled in Jamaica in 1663.

People with the surname Hanning who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Eliza Hanning, who arrived in Virginia in 1719. William Hanning came to Pennsylvania in 1772.

The following century saw more Hanning surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Hanning who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Frederick H Hanning, who came to Mississippi in 1843. Peter Banning arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Hanning: United States 1,737; Germany 841; Sweden 464; England 285; South Africa 274; New Zealand 227; Australia 156; Netherlands 102; Canada 87; Scotland 55.

Notable People:

August Hanning was born in February in the year 1946 in Nordwalde, North Rhine-Westphalia. He is a former German local assistant. He was the administrator of the Bundesnachrichtendienst (German Secret Service) from 1998 to December 2005.

Loy Vernon Hanning (October 1917–June 1986) was a Major-League Baseball player. He played parts of two seasons in the majors, 1939 and 1942, for the St. Louis Browns.

Simon Hanning was a British music & television director.

Bernard William Hanning (b. 1942), is a British writer

Henry Hanning is an American inventor.

Hanning Coat of Arms Meaning

The main device (symbol) in the Hanning blazon is the buck’s head. The two main tinctures (colors) are ermine and gules.

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.4. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 5. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 6, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

The chief is an area across the top of the field 7. It appears in many different forms and can itself be charged with other charges and ordinaries, 8, being treated almost as if it were a completely separate area. In its simplest form it can be clearly identified. Early examples include the award by Henry III of England to the knight Robert de MORTEYN BRETON of Ermine, a chief gules.

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  • 1 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
  • 2 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
  • 3 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
  • 4 The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
  • 5 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
  • 6 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 7 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 40
  • 8 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Chief