Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) Per bend gu. and or, on a chief ar. three lions gu. betw. two fleurs-de-lis az. Crest—A hand issuing, pulling a rose ppr.
2) (Liverpool and Rochdale, co. Lancaster). Ar. on a fesse engr. gu. betw. three crosses patonce of the second as many crescents of the field. Crest—A naked arm embowed, couped at the shoulder, holding a mill-pick ppr.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Hardman Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Hardman:
The surname of Hardman hails largely from the country of England, but is also found in ancient Irish texts and traditions. Within the country of England, the surname of Hardman derives from the Old English Pre 7th Century word of “hardi,” which was a personal given name that can be translated to mean “brave,” and the addition of the suffix of “man,” which can be translated to mean a “friend,” or a “companion.” This surname of Hardman comes from the class of surnames in England that was created from a nickname. It is a common element of surnames throughout Europe that many of them originally derived from nicknames, as it was a very common practice in medieval times. In the beginning, nicknames were applied to people who had distinguishing characteristics, such as moral or mental peculiarities, a similar appearance to a bird or animal, a similar disposition to a bird or animal, occupation of an individual, their habits, or their manner of dress. In the case of the surname of Hardman, this surname was often given to someone who was considered to be brave or hardy. In the country of Ireland, the surname of Hardman can be traced to the Gaelic Pre 10th Century word of “O’hArgadain” which comes from the personal given name of “Argadan,” which can be translated to mean “aged silver” and the addition of the prefix “O’” which means “male descendant of.”
More common variations are: Hardiman, Hardeman, Harddmann, Hardmann
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Hardman can be traced to the country of England. One person by the name of Walter Hardiman was mentioned in the document known as the Subsidy Rolls of the County of Sussex in the year of 1327. This document was ordered, decreed, and written under the reign of one King Edward III of England, who was known throughout the ages and commonly referred to as one “The Father of the Navy.” King Edward III ruled from the year of 1327 to the year of 1377. Other mentions of the surname of Hardman in the country of England include one Thomas Hardiman, who was married to one Agnes Sweet and the church of St. Dunstans in the East, Stepney in the year of 1601, while one Elizabeth Hardman married one Edward Barker in the year of 1638 at St. Martins in the Field, which is located in Westminster.
United States of America:
In the 17th Century, it became common for European citizens to migrate to the United States of America, which at that time was known as The New World, or The Colonies. These citizens were in search of a better life for them and their families, and the United States of America promised freedoms that were never afforded to these citizens. This movement of people was known as the European Migration. Among those who migrated to the United States was one Richard Hardman, who settled in the state of Virginia in the year of 1657, making him the first recorded Hardman in the New World.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Hardman: United States 10,926; England 7,792; South Africa 2,301; Australia 1,851; Canada 993; Wales 327; Scotland 295; Germany 269; New Zealand 213; France 135; United Arab Emirates 92
Karl Hardman (1927-2007) who was a film actor and producer from America, and who produced George A. Romero’s Night of the Living Dead in the year of 1968.
Cedrick Ward Hardman (born in 1948) who was a former football defensive end from America.
William Franklin “Bill” Hardman Jr. (1933-1990) who was a jazz trumpeter and flugelhornist from America.
Lamartine Griffin Hardman (1856-1937) who served two terms as the governor of the state of Georgia, and who was a politician from America.
John Hardman (1811-1867) who was a metal worker who worked with the famous architect Augustus Pugin, and whose work includes detailing the throne in England’s House of Lords, and who was from England.
Christopher James Hardman (1990-2015) who was known by the stage name of Lil Chris, and who was a singer-songwriter from England, as well as being an actor, and television personality.
John Hardman Sr. (1767-1844) who was a founder of John Hardman Trading Co., Ltd. which was a leader in the stained glass manufacturing sect, and who was best known for creating the stained glass in the new Houses of Parliament in London, and who was from the country of England.
Hardman Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Hardman blazon are the fleur-de-lis, crescent, cross patonce and mill pick. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, gules and argent .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. . The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul” and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose xz`, and the crescent Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. Some common is this device that there are special names for its appearance in various orientations – whilst it lies normally with points upward, the decrescent points to the sinister side, and the increscent to the dexter . The allusion, obviously is to the shape of the moon in the sky (indeed, the French have a version “figuré” which includes a face!) and has been said to signify both “honour by the sovereign” and “hope of greater glory” .
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross patonce is typical of these, whereby each arm of the cross expands and ends in a bud-like projection. These cross variations are probably largely for decorative effect, and to differentiate the arms from similar ones and hence their significance is that of the Christian cross itself.