Hartmann Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Hartmann Family Coat of Arms

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Hartmann Coat of Arms Meaning

Hartmann Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Hartman.

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Hartmann Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Hartmann blazon are the cross flory, lion rampant and martlet. The three main tinctures (colors) are argent, gules and vaire .

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 1Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.3The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

Special patterns, of a distinctive shape are frequently used in heraldry and are know as furs, representing the cured skins of animals 6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. Although they were originally derived from real creatures the actual patterns have become highly stylised into simple geometric shapes, bell-like in the case of vair. 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P46-49. vair is a particularly interesting example that resonates today – the “glass” slippers worn by Cinderella are actually a mis-translation of “vair” (i.e. fur) slippers, the very same vair that appears in heraldry! 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vair

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges 10Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67, or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128. The cross flory is typical of these, having each arm end in something very similar to the fleur-de-lys.

There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. Originally it appeared only in one pose, erect, on one paw, with the others raised 12Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64 but such was the popularity of this figure, and the need to distinguish arms from each other, that it soon came to be shown in an enormous range of forms 13Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141. The lion rampant is an example of these modified form, and any family would be proud to have such a noble creature displayed on their arms. Rampant is the default attitude of the lion, raised on its hind legs, facing to the dexter and with front paws extended in a fearsome and powerful pose.

The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. 14A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet. Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” 15The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79. Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Hartmann Name

Hartmann Origin:

Germany, England, Sweden

Origins of Hartmann:

The surname of Hartmann was most often given as a nickname. It is a common element of surnames throughout Europe that many of them originally derived from nicknames, as it was a very common practice in medieval times. In the beginning, nicknames were applied to people who had distinguishing characteristics, such as moral or mental peculiarities, a similar appearance to a bird or animal, a similar disposition to a bird or animal, occupation of an individual, their habits, or their manner of dress. In the instance of the surname of Hartmann was derived from the Pre 7th Century word of “heorot,” which would have been given to someone who was a fast runner. However, in the medieval times, nicknames were often given as a joke, or sarcastically, so it is possible that in jest, this surname of Hartmann was actually given to someone who was very slow. Because this surname includes the suffix of “mann,” it is also possible that this surname was given to someone in an occupational setting. This means that the original bearer of the surname of Hartmann most likely was a runner for someone who was known by the name of Hart, meaning that he actually carried out this job. Occupational surnames were not originally hereditary surnames. They only became hereditary if the son followed in his father’s footsteps for a career; then the surname became hereditary and was used by the children and spouse of the son. The final possible origin of the surname of Hartmann is that it was of Irish origin, and was derived from the Old Gaelic surname of “O’hAirt,” which itself was comprised of the elements “O’” which can be translated to mean “a son of,” and “art,” which was a byname that could be translated to mean “a hero.” Thus, someone who bore this surname was said to be the son of a hero.

Variations:

More common variations are: Hardtmann, Hartemann, Harttmann, Heartmann, Hartmanni, Hartomann, Haretmann, Hartmanna, Hartman, Heartuman, Hart, Harte, Heart, de Hearte, de Herte

History:

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Hartmann can be traced to the country of England. One person by the name of Aelfric Hort was mentioned in the document known as the Olde English Byname Register for the county of Hampshire in the year of 1060. This document was ordered, decreed, and written under the reign of one King Edward, who was known throughout the ages as “The Confessor.” King Edward of England ruled from the year of 1040 to the year of 1066. Other mentions of the surname of Hartmann in the country of England include one Roger Hert, who was mentioned in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk in the year of 1166, and one Simon le Hert who was noted in the tax rolls commonly referred to as the Feet Fines of Kent in the year of 1194.

United States of America:

The first person to bear the surname of Hartmann in the United States of America was one Hans Hartmann, who arrived in New York City, NY in the year of 1709.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Hartmann: Germany 106,314; Brazil 14,612; United States 14,415; Switzerland 5,186; France 4,849; Austria 3,353; Denmark 2,719; South Africa 2,703; Hungary 1,931; Australia 1,198

Notable People:

Ernest Hartmann (1915-1992) who was a medical doctor, publicist, and author from the country of Germany who is known for developing the Hartmann grid

Erich Alfred Hartmann (1922-1993) who was known as “The Black Devil,” and who was a fighter pilot during World War II from Germany, who is known for having the highest scoring fighter ace in the aerial warfare, and claimed 352 aerial victories

Karl Robert Eduard Von Hartmann (1842-1906) who was a philosopher of the unconscious from the country of Germany

Moritz Hartmann (1821-1872) who was a Jewish poet from the country of Germany

Robert Hartmann (born in 1917) who was the former Counselor to President Gerald Ford from the year of 1974 to the year of 1977

Max Hartmann (1876-1962) who investigated human reproduction as a biologist

Cardinal Felix von Hartmann (1851-1919) who served as the Archbishop of Koln from the year of 1912 to the year of 1919

Thomas de Hartmann (1885-1956) who was a composer from the country of Russia

Viktor Alexandrovich Hartmann (1834-1873) who was a painter and architect from the country of Russia

Henri Albert Hartmann (1860-1952) who was a surgeon from the country of France

Hartmann Family Gift Ideas

Browse Hartmann family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

8) Prusse - (An., 15 nov. 1862)-Écartelé au 1 d'azur à trois étoiles d'argent au 2 d'or à un cheval élancé de sable au 3 d'or à un coq de sable crêté et barbé de gueules armé d'or au 4 d'azur à une chouette d'argent Cimier quatre plumes d'autruche d'azur d'argent de sable et d'or Lambrequin à dextre d'argent et d'azur à senestre d'or et de sable. English: Quarterly 1st azure three etoiles argent 2nd or a horse at full speed sable 3rd or a cockerel sable crested and bearded [that dangly bit under the beak] gules armed or 4th azure aand owl argent Crest: four ostrich feathers azure, argent, sable and or Mantling: to the dexter argent and azure to the sinister or and sable.
9) Prusse - (An., 15 déc. 1725)-Écartelé aux 1 et 4 de gueules à une targe d'argent ch d'un écusson ovale d'argent timbré d'une couronne royale d'or et surch d'une aigle de sable ledit écusson accosté sur la targe de six drapeaux les trois à dextre d'azur d'argent et de gueules les trois à senestre de gueules d'argent et d'azur (Götze) aux 2 et 3 d'azur à une ancre d'or posée en barre celle du 3 renversée () L'écu bordé d'or Sur le tout un écusson d'or couronné du même et ch d'une aigle de sable becquée et membrée du champ Casque couronné Cimier un chevalier issant armé au naturel le casque panaché de sable d'argent d'or et d'azur tenant une épée d'argent garnie d'or entre un vol de sable Lambrequin à dextre d'argent de sable et de gueules à senestre d'or d'azur et de gueules. English: Quarterly 1st & 4th gules a targe [small notched shield] argent charged with an oval escutcheon argent topped by a royal crown or and surcharged with an eagle sable the aforesaid escutcheon accompanied on the small shield by six flags the three to the dexter azure, argent and gules, the three to the sinister gules, argent, and azure [so a small shield with an escutcheon, six flags and a crown on it, and the escutcheon with an eagle on it] (For Götze) 2nd & 3rd azure an anchor or bendwise sinister that in cell three reversed [i.e. bendwise], over the whole shield a bordure or and an escutcheon or crowned of the same and charged with an eagle sable beaked and legged of the field Crowned with a helmet Crest: a knight issuant armoured proper the helmet with a plume of feathers sable, argent, or and azure holding a sword argent hilt and pommell or between a pair of wings sable Mantling: to the dexter argent and sable and gules to the sinister or, azure and gules.
10) Prusse - (Ren. de nob., 6 mai et 9 juin 1794)-De gueules à un homme d'armes issant armé d'argent coiffé d'un chapeau de sable orné à senestre d'une plume d'autruche d'argent tenant une épée d'argent garnie d'or L'écu bordé d'or Casque couronné Cimier un vol de gueules et de sable Lambrequin à dextre d'or et de gueules à senestre d'argent et de sable. English: Gules an armoured man issuant argent with a hat sable decorated to the sinister with an ostrich feather argent holding a sword argent hilt and pommell or over the whole shield a bordure or Crowned with a helmet Crest: a pair of wings gules and sable Mantling: to the dexter or and gules to the sinister argent and sable.
11) Prusse - (An., 15 oct. 1786)-Parti au 1 d'or à un chevalier armé de toutes pièces d'argent le casque sommé d'une étoile (8) d'or tenant de sa main dextre une pique de sa senestre une targe et posé sur une terrasse de sinople au 2 d'argent à la fasce d'azur acc en chef de deux étoiles (8) de gueules et en pointe d'une étoile (8) d'or L'écu bordé d'or Cimier le chevalier issant entre deux proboscides d'argent et d'or Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Per pale 1st or a fully armoured knight argent the helmet surmounted by an etoile of eight points or holding in his dexter hand a pike [weapon] and in his sinister hand a targe [small notched shield] and placed on a mount vert 2nd argent a fess azure surrounded by in chief two etoiles of eight points gules and in base by an etoile of 8 points or over the whole shield a bordure or Crest: the knight issuant between two proboscides argent and or Mantling: argent and gules.
12) Nuremberg-Coupé au 1 d'azur à une étoile d'or au 2 d'or à une fleur-de-lis d'azur Cimier la fleur-de-lis. English: Per fess 1st azure an etoile or 2nd or a fleur-de-lys azure Crest: the fleur-de-lys.
13) Nördlingen (Bavière)-De gueules à un chevalier issant armé d'argent mouv d'une anille couchée du même et supportant de sa main senestre étendue une demi-roue d'or défaillante à senestre Cimier le chevalier issant. English: Gules a knight issuant armoured argent coming from a mill-rind couched [turned sideways to normal] of the same and holding in his extended sinister hand a demi-wheel or broken to the sinister Crest: the knight issuant.
14) Prusse - (An., 10 juillet 1803)-D'or à trois quintefeuilles de gueules tigées de sinople et mouv d'un coeur du second en pointe à la fasce d'azur brochant sur le tout Casque couronné Cimier les meubles de l'écu entre un vol de l'aigle de Prusse Lambrequin d'or et de gueules. English: Or three cinquefoils gules stems vert and coming from a heart of the 2nd in base, a fess azure covering over all Crowned with a helmet Crest: the items of the shield between a pair of wings of the eagle of Prussia [see Slack artist notes] Mantling: or and gules.
15) Poméranie - (An., 28 janv. 1869)-D'or à trois roses de gueules boutonnées d'or tigées de gueules (sans feuilles) et mouv d'un coeur du second en pointe à la fasce d'azur brochant sur le tout Cimier les meubles de l'écu entre un vol de l'aigle de Prusse Lambrequin d'or et de gueules. English: Or three roses gules centres or stems gules (without leaves) and coming from a heart of the 2nd in base, a fess azure covering over all Crest: the items of the shield between a pair of wings of the eagle of Prussia [see Slack artist notes] Mantling: or and gules.
16) Sion (Valais)-D'or à une arbalète de gueules en pal la manivelle de sable à senestre. English: Or an arbalest [crossbow] gules in pale the crank handle sable to the sinister.
17) Saxe - (Nob. du St.-Empire, 6 juillet 1792)-D'azur à un pélican d'argent avec ses petits du même dans son aire d'or Casque couronné Cimier un chevalier issant tenant une épée. English: Azure a pelican argent with its chicks of the same in her eyrie [nest] or Crowned with a helmet Crest: a knight issuant holding a sword.
18) Valais-Écartelé aux 1 et 4 de gueules au lion d'argent celui du 1 contourné au 2 d'argent à un homme issant couronné à l'antique d'or habillé d'une tunique de gueules mouv du coupé et tenant de sa main dextre une épée en barre la senestre appuyée sur sa hanche au 3 d'argent à un homme issant couronné à l'antique d'or habillé d'une tunique de gueules mouv d'un tertre de sinople et tenant de sa main dextre un sceptre d'or en bande la senestre appuyée sur sa hanche. English: Quarterly 1st & 4th gules a lion argent that on the 1st reversed, 2nd argent a man issuant with an antique crown or dress in a tunic gules coming from the partition and holding in his dexter hand a sword bendwise sinister the sinister [hand] resting on his hip 3rd argent a man issuant with an antique crown or dressed in a tunic gules coming from a hillock vert and holding in his dexter hand a sceptre or in bend the sinister [hand] resting on his hip.
19) Soleure-D'azur à deux triangles vidés d'or entrelacés en forme d'étoile et une boule d'or posée au centre des triangles Cimier les meubles de l'écu. English: Azure two triangles voided or interlaced in the forme of an etoile and a ball or placed in the centre of the triangles Crest: the items from the shield.
20) Rotterdam-D'argent à un homme issant habillé de sable ceint et rebrassé d'or au rabat du même la tête couronnée de feuillage d'or la main dextre étendue et tenant un maillet de sable le champ chapé-ployé à dextre d'un coupé de sable sur or à senestre d'un coupé d'or sur sable les deux compartiments ensemble ch d'un chevron d'azur surch de six étoiles d'or Cimier l'homme de l'écu entre un vol coupé d'or sur sable l'aile dextre ch d'une barre de sable sur l'or et d'azur sur le sable la barre surch de trois étoiles d'or l'aile senestre ch d'une bande pareille à la barre précédente Lambrequin d'or et de sable. English: Argent a man issuant dressed sable belted and cuffed or with flaps of the same the head crowned with leaves or the dexter hand extended and holding a mallet sable the field chape-ploye [see Slack artist notes] to the dexter per fess sable over or to the sinister per fess or over sable the two compartments together [?] charged with a chevron azure itself charged with six etoiles or Crest: the man from the shield between a pair of wings per fess or over sable the wing to the dexter charged with a bend sinister sable on the or and azure on the sable the bend itself charged with three etoiles or the wing to the sinister charged with a bend similar to the previous bend sinister Mantling: or and sable.
21) Prusse occidentale-De gueules à un chevalier armé de toutes pièces d'argent la visière levée tenant de sa main dextre une flèche d'argent posée en pal la pointe en bas la main senestre appuyée sur sa hanche Casque couronné Cimier le chevalier issant tenant de chaque main une épée d'argent la pointe en bas. English: Gules a knight armoured in full argent the visor raised holding in his dexter hand an arrow argent in pale the point downwards the sinister hand resting on the hip Crowned with a helmet Crest: the knight issuant holding in each hand a sword argent the point downwards.
22) Saxe-Taillé au 1 de sable à une étoile d'argent au 2 d'argent à une tête et col d'aigle de sable Cimier un demi-vol de sable. English: Per bend sinister 1st sable an etoile argent 2nd argent the head and shoulders of an eagle sable Crest: a single wing sable.
23) Saint-Gall-D'or à un coq de sable crêté et barbé de gueules posé sur un tertre de sinople tenant de sa patte dextre levée une épée d'argent par la pointe de la lame ladite épée garnie d'or posée en pal la pointe en bas Cimier un sauvage issant de carnation ceint et couronné de lierre tenant une houe posée sur son épaule Lambrequin d'or et de sable. English: Or a cockerel sable crested, bearded gules placed on a hillock vert holding in his raised dexter paw a sword argent by the base of the blade [?] the aforesaid sword hilt and pommell or placed in pale the point downwards Crest: a savage issuant carnation belted and crowned with ivy holding a hoe placed on his shoulder Mantling: or and sable.
24) Lucerne-D'azur à une étoile (6) d'or soutenue d'un tertre de trois coupeaux de sinople Casque avec lambrequins d'azur et d'or Cimier les meubles de l'écu sur un demi-vol d'azur (Sur un diplôme d'armoiries de 1721 le tertre est représenté d'argent et l'écu est surmonté d'un casque de tournoi ouvert). English: Azure an etoile of 6 points above a hillock of three peaks vert Crowned with a helmet with mantling azure and or Crest: the items from the shield on a single wing azure (On an armorial roll of 1721 the hillock is represented argent and the shield is surmounted by a tournament helmet open).
25) Bâle-De sable au lion d'or tenant une poutre d'argent posée sur son épaule Cimier un pélican avec ses petits au naturel. English: Sable a lion or holding a beam [of metal][?] argent placed on his shoulder Crest: a pelican with its young all proper.
26) Autriche-D'argent à un arbre terrassé de sinople et un cerf naissant et regardant de gueules mouv du fût de l'arbre le col percé d'une flèche d'or en barre la pointe en bas l'arbre senestré d'un sauvage de carnation ceint et couronné de lierre appuyant la main senestre sur un arc de gueules en pal Sur le tout d'or à un senestrochère armé mouv du flanc et tenant une épée le tout au naturel Casque couronné Cimier un cerf issant de gueules entre un vol à l'antique d'azur et d'or l'aile d'or ch d'une épée au naturel posée en barre Lambrequin à dextre d'argent et de gueules à senestre d'or et d'azur. English: Argent a tree on a mount vert and a demi-stag reguardant gules coming from the trunk of the tree the shoulder pierced by an arrow or in bend sinister the point downwards the tree having to the sinister a savage carnation belted and crowned with ivy resting his sinister hand on a bow gules in pale over the whole shield an escutcheon or an armoured left arm coming from the flank and holding a sword all proper Crowned with a helmet Crest: a stag issuant gules between aand antique pair of wings azure and or the wing which is or charged with a sword proper bendwise sinister Mantling: to the dexter argent and gules to the sinister or and azure.
27) Bavière - (Chevaliers, 19 nov. 1843)-D'argent au pal d'azur ch de trois étoiles d'or adextré d'un arbre de sinople terrassé du même et senestré d'une épée d'argent garnie d'or la pointe en bas Casque couronné Cimier une étoile d'or entre un vol de sable Lambrequin à dextre d'or et d'azur à senestre d'argent et d'azur (Barons 5 juillet 1871) Écartelé aux 1 et 4 de gueules à une épée d'argent garnie d'or aux 2 et 3 d'azur à une étoile d'or Casque couronné Cimier une étoile d'or entre un vol de sable Lambrequin d'or et d'azur Devise NEC TEMERE NEC TIMIDE. English: Argent a pale azure charged with three etoiles or to the dexter a tree vert on mount of the same and to the sinister a sword argent hilt and pommell or the point downwards Crowned with a helmet Crest: an etoile or between a pair of wings sable Mantling: to the dexter or and azure and to the sinister argent and azure (Alternatively:) Quarterly 1st & 4th gules a sword argent hilt and pommell or 2nd & 3rd azure an etoile or Crowned with a helmet Crest: an etoile or between a pair of wings sable Mantling: or and azure.
28) Bâle-Écartelé aux 1 et 4 de sable lion d'or couronné du même celui du 1 contourné aux 2 et 3 de gueules à la barre d'argent ch de trois roses du champ Casque couronné Cimier le lion du 4 issant entre un vol coupé à dextre d'or sur sable à senestre de gueules sur argent Lambrequin conformes aux émaux de l'écu. English: Quarterly 1st & 4th sable [a] lion or crowned of the same that of the 1st reversed 2nd & 3rd gules a bend sinister argent charged with a three roses of the field Crowned with a helmet Crest: the lion of the 4th between a pair of wings per fess to the dexter or over sable to the sinister gules over argent Mantling: the same as the colours of the shield.
29) Allemagne-Écartelé au 1 parti a losangé d'argent et de gueules b fascé d'argent et de gueules aux 2 et 3 d'argent à la demi-aigle de sable becquée et membrée d'or mouv du parti au 4 parti a fascé d'argent et d'azur b d'argent à un volcan de trois coupeaux au naturel celui du milieu sommé de flammes et de fumée Sur le tout d'argent au lion au naturel tenant une épée Casque couronné Cimier le lion issant entre deux proboscides d'argent. English: Quarterly 1st per pale a) lozengy argent and gules b) barry argent and gules 2nd & 3rd argent a demi-eagle sable beaked and legged or coming from the partition four per pale a) barry argent and azure b) argent a volcano of three summits proper that in the centre surmounted by flames and smoke; over the whole shield an escutcheon argent a lion proper holding a sword Crowned with a helmet Crest: the lion issuant between two proboscides argent.
30) (Edle von) - Bavière - (Nob. du St.-Empire, 10 mars 1784)-Écartelé aux 1 et 4 de gueules à un chevalier issant tenant de sa main dextre une masse à picotons au naturel aux 2 et 3 d'azur à un faisceau de rameaux de laurier de sinople fruités de gueules et un bouton de lis d'argent tigé et feuillé de sinople issant dudit faisceau Casque couronné Cimier le chevalier issant entre deux proboscides coupées alternativement de gueules et d'azur Lambrequin à dextre d'or et de gueules à senestre d'argent et d'azur. English: Quarterly 1st & 4th gules a knight issuant holding in his dexter hand a quantity of oats proper 2nd & 3rd azure a bundle of small branches of laurel vert fructed gules and a bud of a lily [?] argent stem and leaves vert issuant from the aforesaid bundle Crowned with a helmet Crest: the knight issuant between two proboscides per fess alternately gules and azure Mantling: to the dexter or and gules to the sinister argent and azure.
31) Alsace-De sable à cinq annelets d'argent 2 1 et 2 à la bordure d'or. English: Sable five annulets argent 2,1 and 2 and a bordure or.
32) Allemagne-Écartelé aux 1 et 4 de sable à un homme d'armes issant armé d'argent brandissant un marteau d'armes au naturel aux 2 et 3 de gueules à une rivière en barre ondée d'argent ch de trois étoiles d'or et acc de deux croissants contournés d'argent Casque couronné Cimier l'homme issant entre un vol aux armes du 2 (sur l'aile senestre les meubles sont posés dans la direction opposée) Lambrequin à dextre d'or et de sable à senestre d'argent et de gueules. English: Quarterly 1st & 4th sable an armoured man issuant armoured argent brandishing a war hammer proper 2nd & 3rd gules a river in bend sinister wavy argent charged with three etoiles or and accompanied by two crescents inverted argent Crowned with a helmet Crest: the man issuant between a pair of wings with the arms of the 2nd (on the wing to the sinister the charges are placed in the opposite direction) Mantling: to the dexter or and sable to the sinister argent and gules.
33) Franconie-De sable à une tête de mort d'argent le champ chapé-ployé d'azur à deux étoiles d'argent Cimier un vol d'azur chaque aile ch d'une étoile d'argent Lambrequin d'argent et d'azur. English: Sable a death’s head argent the field chape-ploye [see Slack artist notes] azure two etoiles argent [one on each side] Crest: a pair of wings azure each wing charged with an etoile argent Mantling: argent and azure.
34) Edle von Sternfeld - Autriche - (Chevaliers du St.-Empire, 6 juillet 1792)-Écartelé aux 1 et 4 d'azur à un chevalier armé au naturel tenant une lance de tournoi aux 2 et 3 de gueules à la barre d'argent ch de trois roses de gueules boutonnées d'or barbées de sinople et acc de deux roses d'or Deux casques couronnés Cimiers 1° le chevalier issant entre un vol coupé alternativement d'azur et d'argent Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules 2° une étoile d'or entre un vol d'azur l'aile dextre ch d'une bande d'argent et la senestre d'une barre du même ch chacune de trois roses de gueules boutonnées d'or barbées de sinople Lambrequin d'or et d'azur. English: Quarterly 1st & 4th azure a knight armoured proper holding a tournament lance 2nd & 3rd gules a bend sinister argent charged with three roses gules centres or barbed vert and accompanied by two roses or Crowned with two helmets Crest: 1st the knight issuant between a pair of wings per fess alternately azure and argent Mantling: argent and gules 2nd an etoile or between a pair of wings azure the dexter wing charged with a bend argent and the sinister wing a bend sinister of the same each charged with three roses gules centres or barbed vert Mantling: or and azure.
35) Haute-Alsace (Mulhouse, Soulte et Isenheim) - (Livre d'or de Soultz et Livre d'or de Mulhouse par Ehrsam)-D'azur à une fleur-de-lis d'or le champ chapé ployé de gueules. English: Azure a fleur-de-lys or the field chape-ploye [see Slack artist notes] gules.
36) Hanovre - (An., 7 avril 1805 et 15 mai 1856)-D'azur à la bande d'argent acc de deux roses d'or Casque couronné Cimier un chevalier issant armé de sable la visière levée tenant une épée d'argent garnie d'or. English: Azure a bend argent surrounded by two roses or Crowned with a helmet Crest: a knight issuant armed sable the visor raised holding a sword argent hilt and pommell or.
37) Berne-D'azur à un chevalier armé de toutes pièces d'argent la visière levée supportant de sa main dextre une grenade allumée au naturel et tenant de sa senestre un sabre au naturel ledit chevalier accosté de quatre étoiles d'or et posé sur un tertre de sinople qui supporte deux trèfles du même Cimier trois plumes d'autruche d'or d'azur et d'argent. English: Azure a knight fully armoured argent the visor raised supporting in his dexter hand a flaming grenade proper and holding in his sinister [hand] a sabre proper the aforesaid knight surrounded by four etoiles or and placed on a hillock vert which also supports two trefoils of the same Crest: three ostrich feathers or, azure and argent.
38) Bavière - (Conc. d'arm., 1576)-Tranché d'azur sur or à un griffon de l'un en l'autre supportant de sa patte dextre une étoile d'or Cimier un griffon issant d'or supportant de sa patte dextre une étoile d'azur. English: Per bend azure over or a griffin counterchanged supporting in its dexter paw an etoile or Crest: a griffin issuant or supporting in its dexter paw an etoile azure.
39) Edle von Franzenshuld - Autriche - (An., 9 mars 1833)-Parti au 1 coupé a d'azur à la croix pattée arrondie d'or alésée cantonnée de quatre besants du même b d'or à une église au naturel ouverte et ajourée de sable essorée de gueules le toit sommé à senestre d'une croisette le clocher à dextre couvert d'un toit pointu de gueules sommé d'une croisette l'église posée sur une terrasse de sinople sillonnée d'un chemin en bande ondée conduisant à l'église au 2 reparti de gueules et de sable à un homme cuirassé d'or posé de front sur une terrasse de sinople le tout brochant sur le parti ledit homme coiffé d'un casque d'or la visière levée panaché de trois plumes d'autruche d'argent de gueules et d'or tenant de sa main dextre une épée levée la senestre appuyée sur sa hanche Casque couronné Cimier quatre plumes d'autruche de sable d'or de gueules et d'argent Lambrequin à dextre d'or et d'azur à senestre d'or et de sable. English: Per pale 1st per fess a) azure a cross pattee arrondi [rounded off] [?] or four bezants of the same, one in each quarter b) or a church proper windows and doorway sable, roofed gules, the roof surmounted by to the sinister a crosslet, the bell tower to the dexter covered by a pointed roof gules surmounted by a crosslet, the church placed on a mount vert with a track [road] cutting through in bend wavy going toward the church 2nd also per pale gules and sable a man in a breastplate or place in front of a mount vert the whole covering over the partition, the aforesaid man wearing a helmet or the visor raised topped with three ostrich feathers argent, gules and or holding in his dexter hand a sword raised, the sinister [hand] resting on his hip Crowned with a helmet Crest: four ostritch feathers sable, or, gules and argent Mantling: to the dexter or and azure to the sinister or and sable.
40) Brunswick, Hanovre, Saxe-D'argent à un coeur de gueules Casque couronné Cimier un homme issant habillé au naturel coiffé d'un chapeau de gueules tenant une massue sur son épaule. English: Argent a heart gules Crowned with a helmet Crest: a man issuant dressed proper wearing a hat gules holding a club on his shoulder.
41) (de Hartmannsdorf) Finlande - (An., 20 janv. 1683)-D'azur à un sauvage issant de carnation tenant de sa main dextre un arbre arraché et renversé au naturel la senestre appuyée sur sa hanche au chef d'or ch d'une tête et col d'aigle de sable Cimier un vol d'azur. English: Azure a savage issuant carnation holding in his dexter hand a tree eradicated [torn up by the roots] and inverted all proper the sinister [hand] resting on his hip, a chief or charged with the head and shoulders of an eagle sable Crest: a pair of wings azure.
42) (de Hartmannsfeld) Bohême-D'azur à un homme habillé d'une tunique de gueules ceint et tortillé d'argent au rabat du même adextré d'un lion rampant et contourné d'or auquel l'homme force la mâchoire le tout soutenu d'une terrasse de sinople (ou ces armes augmentées d'un chef d'or ch d'une aigle éployée de sable becquée membrée et couronnée d'or) Casque couronné Cimier l'homme et le lion tous deux issants Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Azure a man dressed in a tunic gules belted and wreathed [headband] argent, flaps of the same to the dexter a lion rampant and reversed or, the man forcing open its jaw all on a mount vert (alternatively these arms augmented by a chief or charged with an eagle displayed sable beaked, legged and crowned or) Crowned with a helmet Crest: the man and the lion both issuant Mantling: argent and gules.
43) de Haugstorf et de Lechstorf, (Comtes) - Autriche-Écartelé aux 1 et 4 d'or à un homme d'armes issant et contourné tenant de sa main dextre une massue posée sur son épaule et sous son bras senestre une colonne fracassée aux 2 et 3 d'azur à une balance d'or Casque couronné Cimier l'homme issant entre un vol coupé d'or sur azur Lambrequin d'or et d'azur. English: Quarterly 1st & 4th or an armoured man issuant and reversed holding in his dexter hand a club placed on his shoulder and under his sinister arm a shattered column [no colour given, assume proper] [?] 2nd & 3rd azure a set of scales or Crowned with a helmet Crest: the man issuant between a pair of wings or over azure Mantling: or and azure.
44) de Hüttendorf - (Comtes) - Autriche-De gueules à un chevalier armé de toutes pièces posé de face la visière levée le casque panaché d'or de sable et d'or soutenu d'une terrasse de sinople et tenant de sa main dextre étendue une bague d'or chatonnée d'un rubis Casque couronné Cimier le chevalier issant entre un vol coupé à dextre d'or sur sable à senestre d'argent sur gueules Lambrequin d'or et de sable. English: Gules a knight fully armoured affronty [facing front] the visor raised the helmet plumed or, sable and or, all on a mount vert and holding in his dexter hand extended a ring [jewellery] set with a ruby Crowned with a helmet Crest: the knight issuant between a pair of wings per fess to the dexter or over sable to the sinister argent over gules Mantling: or and sable.
45) de Klarstein - Bohême - (Comtes, 3 mai 1702)-Écartelé aux 1 et 4 d'azur à un homme habillé d'une tunique de gueules ceint et tortillé d'argent au rabat du même adextré d'un lion rampant et contourné d'or auquel l'homme force la mâchoire le tout soutenu d'une terrasse de sinople aux 2 et 3 échiqueté de gueules et d'argent de quatre traits sur cinq Sur le tout d'or à l'aigle de sable becquée membrée et couronnée du champ Deux casques couronnés Cimiers 1° l'aigle Lambrequin d'or et de sable 2° l'homme et le lion de l'écu tous deux issants Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Quarterly 1st & 4th azure a man dressed in a tunic gules belted and wreathed [headband] argent flaps of the same to the dexter a lion rampant and reversed or with its mouth forced open by the man all on a mount vert 2nd & 3rd checky gules and argent of four lines over five over the whole shield an escutcheon or an eagle sable beaked, legged and crowned of the field Crowned with two helmets Crest: 1st the eagle Mantling: or and sable 2nd the man and the lion of the shield both issuant Mantling: argent and gules.
46) de Nirendorf - Bavière - (An., 1729; barons, 25 nov. 1737. M. ét. le 11 mars 1847.l)-Écartelé aux 1 et 4 d'or à l'aigle contournée de sable aux 2 et 3 d'azur au lion d'or Deux casques couronnés Cimiers 1° l'aigle 2° le lion entre deux proboscides d'azur Lambrequin d'or et d'azur. English: Quarterly 1st & 4th or an eagle reversed sable 2nd & 3rd azure a lion or Crowned with two helmets Crest: 1st the eagle 2nd the lion between two proboscides azure Mantling: or and azure.
1) Quarterly, 1st and 4th, sa. a demi man in armour couped at the thighs ppr. garnished or, vizor open, brandishing a poleaxe of the first; 2nd and 3rd, gu. on a bend wavy betw. two decrescents ar. three estoiles pierced sa. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi man, as in the arms, betw. two wings, each charged as the second quartering in the arms.
2) Rotterdam Parti au 1 d'azur au lion d'or tenant un bâton du même au 2 d'argent à la barre de gueules Casque couronné Cimier un vol l'aile dextre d'or à la barre d'azur l'aile senestre d'argent à la bande de gueules Lambrequin à dextre d'or et d'azur à senestre d'argent et de gueules. English: Per pale 1st azure a lion or holding a ragged staff of the same 2nd argent a bend sinister gules Crowned with a helmet Crest: a pair of wings the dexter wing or with a bend sinister azure the sinister wing argent with a bend gules Mantling: to the dexter or and azure to the sinister argent and gules.
3) Wesel De sable à trois haches de boucher d'argent 2 et 1 le tranchant à dextre le tout renfermé dans une orle du même Cimier un homme issant armé d'azur coiffé d'un bassinet du même au baudrier de gueules tenant de sa main dextre une hache de l'écu et de sa senestre un coeur de gueules. English: Sable three butcher’s axes argent 2 and 1 the blade to the dexter all contained in an orle of the same Crest: a man issuant armoured azure wearing a bassinet [steel helmet like a basin with a rim] of the same a baldric gules holding in his dexter hand an axe of the shield and in his sinister hand a heart gules.
4) Rotterdam Coupé au 1 d'argent à un cerf de gueules couché sur une terrasse de sinople au 2 d'or à trois losanges pommetées de gueules Cimier le cerf issant Ou Coupé au 1 d'argent à un cerf de gueules issant d'une eau au naturel au 2 d'azur à trois diamants taillés en losange enchâssés d'or rangés en fasce Bourlet d'argent et de gueules Cimier un cerf issant de gueules Devise VOLHART ALTIJDT. English: Per fess 1st argent a stag gules couchant [lying down] on a mount vert 2nd or three lozenges pommety [balls on each point] gules Crest: the staf issuant [Alternative arms:] Per fess 1st argent a stag gules issuant from water proper [barry wavy azure and argent] 2nd azure three diamonds embedded in lozenges or [see https://coadb.slack.com/files/karlwilcox36/F1A9J3WEN/pasted_image_at_2016_05_19_06_16_pm.png] in fess Wreath argent and gules Crest: a stag issuant gules.
5) Rotterdam Coupé au 1 d'argent à un cerf de gueules couché sur une terrasse de sinople au 2 d'or à trois losanges pommetées de gueules Cimier le cerf issant Ou Coupé au 1 d'argent à un cerf de gueules issant d'une eau au naturel au 2 d'azur à trois diamants taillés en losange enchâssés d'or rangés en fasce Bourlet d'argent et de gueules Cimier un cerf issant de gueules Devise VOLHART ALTIJDT. English: Per fess 1st argent a stag gules couchant [lying down] on a mount vert 2nd or three lozenges pommety [balls on each point] gules Crest: the staf issuant [Alternative arms:] Per fess 1st argent a stag gules issuant from water proper [barry wavy azure and argent] 2nd azure three diamonds embedded in lozenges or [see https://coadb.slack.com/files/karlwilcox36/F1A9J3WEN/pasted_image_at_2016_05_19_06_16_pm.png] in fess Wreath argent and gules Crest: a stag issuant gules.
6) Amsterdam, La Haye D'argent à la bande d'azur ch de trois étoiles (5) d'or Cimier un homme armé de toutes pièces d'argent coiffé d'un bassinet du même brandissant un sabre d'argent garni d'or. English: Argent a bend azure charged with three etoiles of five points or Crest: a man in full armour argent wearing a bassinet [steel helmet like a basin with a rim] of the same brandishing a sable arg hilt and pommell or.
7) La Haye - Originaire de Frise Orientale D'azur à la barre d'or acc de deux roses d'or boutonnées d'argent barbées de sinople Cimier un homme issant habillé d'un parti d'azur et d'or la ceinture de l'un en l'autre avec un col rabattu et manchettes d'argent coiffé d'un bonnet d'azur orné à senestre de deux plumes l'une d'or et l'autre d'azur tenant une épée d'argent en barre garnie d'azur. English: Azure a bend sinister or surrounded by two roses or centres argent barbed vert Crest: a man issuant dressed per pale azure and or the belt counterchanged with a folded collar and sleeves argent wearing a bonnet azure ornamented to the sinister with two feathers, one or and the other azzure holding a sword argent in bend sinister hilt and pommell azure.

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References   [ + ]

1. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
2. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
3. The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
5. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P46-49
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vair
9. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
10. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128
12. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64
13. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141
14. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet
15. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79