Hastings Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Hastings Family Coat of Arms

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Hastings Coat of Arms Meaning

Hastings Name Origin & History

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Hastings Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Hastings blazon are the maunch, bull and mullet. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and or.

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.1The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

When people are depicted in heraldry their clothing and appearance are often described in some detail 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P174. We also find individual items of clothing used as charges in a coat of arms, and maunch is a good example of this, representing a loose sleeve. Sometimes these items are drawn in a somewhat stylised fashion, not always obvious as to what it represents. 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Maunch Wade suggests that its use came from a role in the tournament in which a part of clothing or some other trinked was given as a token to knights in combat by their supporters. 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P50

Bulls, and their close relations, cows, calves, oxen and the buffalo are relatively recent additions to the art of heraldry (and it is not always possible to distinguish between them in their renderings). 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Bull They can be found in a variety of poses and may have horns, hooves and collared in a different colour. The writer Guillim noted that the prescence of a bull could signify ”valour and magnanimity”. 11A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P117

The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 12Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 13A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 14The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Hastings Name

Hastings Origin:

England, Ireland, Scotland

Origins of Name:

The Hastings surname originates from 5th Century Norseman. Later from the name Hastein who was a Viking chief that raided several countries. Later, in England it would originate geographically from the town of Hastings, Sussex, England. The city of Hastings is named after the Hastingas tribe that invaded England during the Norman Conquests.

Variations:

More common variations are: Hasting, Hastings, Hastin, Hustin, Hustings

History:

England:

Hastings, Sussex, England was recorded as early as 790 A.D., however the surname was never recorded until the early 12th century.

During the Norman Conquests, Robert de Hasting was a commander in the army led by William the Conquerer in 1066. He led his army in the famous Battle of Hastings, and upon victory was given the town of Hastings by William the Conquerer and would become mayor. The noble families from the surname Hastings are descended from Robert de Hastings.

Another line of Hastings hails from Fillongley in Warwickshire. Supposedly this could be an earlier line than Robert de Hasting. It is noted that a powerful family o Hastings reigned here for many years.

The first known recorded instance of the name is of Robert de Hastin in 1130 in Leicestershire in the Pipe Rolls.

Henry de Hastings in 1235 was recorded, and he was made Baron in 1264 by Simon de Montfort. He fought in the Battle of Lewes and led the Londoners. John Hastings, Henry de Hastings’ son, fought in the wars of 1290s. Henry de Hastings’ grandson – John Hastings fought in the First War of Scottish Independence and would later become Govenor of Kenilworth Castle.

The surname Hastings is the 718th most common name in Great Britain. The highest concentrations are in East Lothian, Luton, Northumberland, Somerset, and Cheshire.

Ireland:

The surname Hastings is the Anglicized version of the Gaelic O’hoistin which means “descendant of Oistin”. Oistin was a Norse personal name. So the roots of the name in Ireland can also be traced back to Norsemen.

Scotland:

Scotland was also invaded by Vikings which settled there, and the surname could possibly originate solely from these Norsemen. However, it is also possible that immigrants from Hastings brought the surname with them to Scotland.

The first known instance of the surname Hastings was Norman Johanne de Hastinge in 1178. Norman de Johanne de Hastinge was the Lord of Duns and sheriff of the Mearns. He married Isabella de Valence, the niece of King Henry the 3rd.

United States:

In the 17th century various Hastings would arrive in the United States due to the Great Migration from Europe.

Thomas Hastings from Ipswich would sail aboard the Elizabeth and arrive in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1634. In 1635, Edward Hastings would settle in Island of Providence. One year later, William Hastings would land in Virginia in 1636. Finally, in 1659, Walter Hastings would arrive in Cambrigde Massachusetts.

The first instance of Hastings in the United States in the 19th century were three brothers John, James and Thomas Hastings who immigrated from Ireland in 1822. Hastings today can mainly be found in Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana and Massachusetts.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Berry:

33,000 in the United States, 6,000 in England, 2,000 in Australia, 2,000 in Canada, 1,000 in Scotland

Notable People:

Bill Hastings (1888-1919), English professional soccer player. He scored 7 goals in 40 games with Birmingham. He later became a referee after retiring from soccer.

Clifford C. Hastings (1882 – 1946), New York politician. He was also an electrical engineer, businessman and politician. He remained in office as Treasurer of Rensselaer County from 1944 until his death.

Milo Hastings (1884 – 1957), American inventor. He was also an author and nutritionist. He invented various health food snacks and he wrote the famous book The Dollar Hen. He had three children.

Paul P. Hastings (1872), American railroad executive. He was a high level executive for Topeka, Santa Fe, and Atchison Railroad. His father was a well-known farmer and preacher. After his death a tug in the Santa Fe fleet was named in his honor.

Seth Hastings (1762), US congressman. He graduated from Harvard and studies law there. He was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1786. He would go on to become chief justice of court sessions for Worcester County.

Warren Hastings (1732), first Governor-General of India. He was accused of corruption and therby impeached in 1787 from his position in office. Finally, he was acquitted in 1795. In 1814 he was made Privy Counsellor.

Hastings Family Gift Ideas

Browse Hastings family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Baron Hastings; summoned to Parliament 1264, title passed to Grey of Ruthin, 1391). (Earl of Pembroke; the fourth Baron Hastings was so created 1339, extinct 1391). (Baron Hastings, of Gressing Hall; summoned to Parliament, 1342, vested in Astley, Bart. See Astley, Lord, Hastings). (co. Derby, Dringham, co. Norfolk, co. Oxford, and Fennick, co. York). Or, a maunch gu.
2) (Earl of Huntingdon). Mottoes— In veritate victoria; and, Honorantes me honorabo. (Lord Hastings of Loughborough; created 1558 and 1643, extinct 1666). Ar. a maunch sa. Crest—A bull’s head erased sa. crowned, gorged with a ducal coronet and armed or. Supporters—Two man tigers affrontee or, their visages resembling the human face ppr.
3) (Elford, co. Oxford; Sir Edward Hastings, Knt., descended from Sir Miles Hastings, Knt., of Delsford, co. Worcester. Visit. Oxon, 1574). Same Arms, a crescent for diff.
4) (Rawdon-Hastings, Marquess of Hastings; extinct 1868). Motto—Et nos quoque tela sparsimus. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, ar. a maunch sa., for Hastings; 2nd and 3rd, ar. a fesse betw. three pheons sa., for Rawdon. Crests—1st, Hastings: A bull's head erased sa. armed and ducally gorged or; 2nd, Rawdon: On a mural crown ar. a pheon sa. with a laurel branch issuant thereout ppr. Supporters—Two bears ar. muzzled gu. chains affixed to the muzzles and reflexed over the back or, and fastened by a staple to a trunk of a tree erect ppr. held betw. the fore­paws.
5) (Abney-Hastings, Earl of Loudoun). Motto—I bide my time. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Hastings, ar. a maunch sa.; 2nd and 3rd, Adney, or, on a chief gu. a demi lion issuant ar. Crests—1st, Hastings: A bull's head erased ermines attired and ducally gorged ar.; 2nd, Abney: A demi lion or, the sinister paw resting upon an antique shield, charged with the arms of Hastings. Supporters—Dexter, a chevalier in armour, holding a epear in the right hand ppr. and plumed on the head with three feathers gu.; sinister, a lady nobly dressed, plumed on the head with three feathers ar. and holding in the left hand a letter of challenge.
6) (Abney-Hastings, Willesley Hall, co. Leicester, bart., extinct). Motto—In veritate victoria. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, ar. a maunch sa. a bordure engr. of the last, for Hastings; 2nd and 3rd, or, on a chief gu. a demi lion ramp. ar., for Abney. Crests—1st: A buffalo's head erased erminois, armed and ducally gorged or, for Hastings; 2nd: A demi lion ramp. or, resting the left paw on an antique shield, charged with a maunch as above, for Abney.
7) (Agmondesham, co. Bucks, and cos. Dorset and Leicester). Ar. a maunch sa. Crest—A bull’s head erased sa. attired ar. ducally gorged or.
8) (Cambridge). Erm. on a chief az. two mullets or.
9) (co. Gloucester). Barry of twelve ar. and az. over all an inescutcheon or, charged with a. maunch gu.
10) (co. Gloucester). Or, a maunch gu. over all a bendlet az.
11) (Billesby, co. Lincoln). Ar. a maunch sa. in the middle chief point a trefoil slipped.
12) (Ilinton, co. Northampton; granted 10 July, 1685). Erm. three lozenges in bend betw. two bendlets az. Crest—A demi panther guard. ppr. supporting a lozenge or.
13) (co. Nottingham). Or, a maunch gu. with a label of three points az.
14) (co. Northumberland). Ar. a fesse gu. betw. three maunches sa.
15) (co. Oxford). Ar. a maunch sa. Crest—A demi mermaid, in her hands a comb and mirror all ppr.
16) (co. Oxford). Or, a fesse betw. two mullets gu.
17) (co. Oxford). Or, a lion pass. gu. a label az.
18) (Scotland). Or, a maunch gu. Crest—A bull’s head couped or, armed gu.
19) (Somerset Herald, temp. Henry VIII.). Or, a fesse and two mullets in chief gu.
20) (co. Stafford). Az. a lion ramp. or, tail forked, a chief gu.
21) (co. York). Ar. three maunches sa.
22) Per fesse vert and or, a bull counterchanged.
23) Barry of ten ar. and az. on an inescutcheon or, a maunch gu., an orle of martlets of the last.
24) Ar. a fesse betw. three lozenges az.
25) Ar. a fesse lozengy az.
26) Ar. a chief or, over all a lion ramp. gu.
27) Gu. a bend or.
28) Or, three maunches gu.
29) (Daylesford, co. Worcester; borne by Warren Hastings, Governor General of India). Motto—Mens aequa in arduis. Or, a maunch gu. Crest—A bull’s head gu. armed or.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P174
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Maunch
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P50
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Bull
11. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P117
12. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97
13. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107
14. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105