Origin, Meaning, Family History and Hosier Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Hosier:
It is an English surname of ancient origins. It has two possible origins, the first origin is from the Olde English pre 7th-century word ‘hosa,’ and so it was a professional surname for a manufacturer or retailer of leg coverings and socks. The second origin is from the French word ‘heuse,’ and after that ‘hosier,’ brought by the Normans after the conqueror of 1066. Here the meaning is partly various and mentions a manufacturer of boots and shoes. With the new name, we seem to have a complication of a French word and an English meaning. Professional surnames, probably not wonderfully, were amongst the oldest to be produced in about the 12th century. They did not frequently become inherited until a son supported a father into the similar field of business. In this situation, previous examples of the surname recorded consist of William Husier, in the Oseney Rolls of Oxford in the year 1180, and Nicholas le Hosier in the pipe rolls of Clerkenwell in the city of London, in 1182. In the records of the Freemen of the City of York, William de Kekby, hosier, is so listed in the year 1300, while Thomas Hosyer found in the census Tax Record for York in 1379.
More common variations are: Hoosier, Hossier, Housier, Hoesier, Hosuier, Houssier, Hozier, Hasier, Husier.
The origins of the surname Hosier found in Oxfordshire where William Husier recorded in Oseney in the year 1180.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert Lech, dated about 1250, in the “Chartulary of Ramsey Abbey,” Huntingdonshire. It was during the time of King Henry III who was known to be the “The Frenchman,” dated 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation.
Many of the people with surname Hosier had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Hosier settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 18th. Some of the people with the name Hosier who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Samuel Hosier to Salem, Massachusetts in 1630. Samuel Hosier arrived in New England in 1630. Mary Hosier, who came to Virginia in 1666. Henry Hosier, who came to Maryland in 1670. Nicholas Hosier, who landed in Maryland in 1671.
The following century saw much more Hosier surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Hosier who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Samuel Hosier, who landed in Virginia in 1703. Thomas Hosier to Maryland in 1718. Ann Hosier to Virginia in 1732. Captain Hosier to Boston in 1762.
Some of the people with the surname Hosier who settled in Australia in the 19th century included Henry Nye Hosier, Ann Gunniman Hosier, Anne Eliza Hosier, Mary E Hosier and Sarah Hosier, all arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the same ship “Baboo” in the same year 1840.
Some of the people with the surname Champ who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included Colonel J. Hosier arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Wanganui” in 1882.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Hosier: United Stats 2,624; England 608; Australia 95; Canada 85; France 73; Wales 45; Scotland 26; United States Virgin Islands 24; Singapore 18; Spain 8.
Edward Hosier (died 1571), was an English leader.
Francis Hosier (1673–1727), was a British senior Royal Navy officer
“Black Harry” Hosier (c. 1750–1806), was a black Methodist messenger among the Second Great activation.
Gerald D. Hosier is a famous American advocate.
John Hosier (1928–2000), was an English singer.
Tom Hosier (born 1942), is an American football referee for the Eureka College Red Devils that existed in Eureka, Illinois and he held that post for five seasons, from 1974 to 1978.
Hosier Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Hosier blazon are the lion, talbot and chapeau. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, ermines and or .
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.
Many breeds of dog appear in coats of arms, reflecting their status as man’s closet companion. The talbot is a hunting dog akin to a terrier, and usually illustrated in a lifelike style and eager pose. In common with the other heraldic dogs, Wade suggests that their presence should suggest “courage, vigilance and loyal fidelity”. Others might say we need look no further than a pleasure in the hunt and the affection for this sturdy breed.
The chapeau or cap of maintenance appears sometimes on the shield itself, but more often in the crest above it. In appearance it is typically of red velvet with trim of ermine.