• step01
  • step02
  • step03
  • step04
step 01
step 02
step 03
step 04

Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Little Ireton, co. Derby, and Attenborough, co. Nottingham; nine descents are recorded in the Visit, of the former county, a.d. 1611. Gen. Henry Ireton, representative of the family, so notorious in the civil wars, was horn at Attenton, in 1610; he m. Bridget, dau. of Oliver Cromwell, and dying in 1651, when Lord Deputy of Ireland under the Usurpation, left one son, Henry, who d. s. p., and four daus.; first, Elizabeth, m. to Thomas Polhill, Esq., of Otford, co. Kent; second, Jane, m. to Richard Lloyd, Esq.; third, Bridget, m. to Thomas Bendysh, Esq., of Southtown, co. Sussex; and fourth, m. to Mr. Carter, a wealthy merchant of Yarmouth). Motto—Fay ce que doy, advienne que pourra. Erm. two bends gu. Crest—A squirrel sejant cracking a nut ppr.
2) (John Ireton, Lord Mayor of London, 1659, brother of Gen. Ireton). Ar. two bends gu.
3) Erm. (another, ar.) a bend voided gu.
4) (co. Oxford; arms in the Church of Queen’s Coll. Visit. Oxon, 1574). Per saltire or and gu.
5) Gyronny of four erm. and gu.
6) (Reg. Ulster’s Office). Erm. two bendlets gu. Crest—A squirrel sejant ppr.
7) Ar. a fesse and three mullets in chief gu.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Ireton Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Origins of Ireton:
The ancestry of the name Ireton dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain.  It acquires from when the family resided in Ireton which was known as the village of the Irish.  Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling regulated a few hundred years ago,  in the Middle Ages, even the educated spelled their names differently as the English language combined components of French, Latin, and other European languages.  Many variations of the name Ireton have found, including Ireton, Ireson and much more.

Variations:
More common variations are: Aireton, Ireiton, Irton, Airton, Oreton, Iredon, Areton, Ureton, Iruton.

England:
The surname Ireton first appeared in Derbyshire where they held a family seat from very ancient times.  Some say well before the Norman Invasion and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 AD.

United States of America:
Some of the people with the surname Ireton who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Peter Ireton, a servant sent to the "foreign plantations" from Bristol, England in the year 1658.  Thomas Ireton who settled in Maryland in the year 1662.  Thomas Ireton, who arrived in Maryland in the year 1662.  Roger Ireton, who landed in Virginia in the year 1699.

Canada:
People with the surname Ireton who settled in Canada in the 19th century included John Ireton, who came to Quebec in the year 1820.  John Ireton, who arrived in Canada in the year 1820.

Ireton Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Ireton blazon are the bend and squirrel. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and ermine.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3.

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 4 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 5. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.6. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right 7. Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). 8. The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank 9.

The squirrel is a quite delightful charge, always shown sitting upright (known as sejant) and eating a nut, 10 in a most lifelike manner (as this author can attest due to the presence of exactly such a creature outside his window as I write this). It should not surprise us that the significance of such a creature upon a coat of arms is a love of the “sylvan retirement” to be found in the woods and forest. 11

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


References

  • 1 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 2 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 3 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
  • 4 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
  • 5 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
  • 6 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
  • 7 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40
  • 8 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22
  • 9 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49
  • 10 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Squirrel
  • 11 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P69