Blazons & Genealogy Notes
(cos. Buckingham and Durham, Hornchurch, co. Essex, cos. Hereford and Huntingdon; granted 1561). (Hackman, in the Liberties of Havering, co. Essex; Edward Jackman, grandson of Alderman Edward Jackman, Sheriff of London, 1564. Visit. London, 1568). Per saltire ar. and sa. in pale two eagles displ. of the second. Crest—A griffin’s head erased sa. guttée d’or.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Jackman Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Listed as Jackman, Jakeman and possibly others, this is an English surname although probably with some French input. It acquires from the from the French personal name Jacque, a form of John, and introduced into the British Isles after the Norman Invasion of 1066. More common variations are: Jackaman, Jackeman, Jackmann, Jeackman, Jakman, Jakeman, Jakaman, Jachman, Juckman, Jacaman. The surname Jackman first appeared in Essex Where they held a family seat from very early times, some say well before the Norman Invasion and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 AD.
Some of the people with the name Jackman who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Saloman Jackman, who landed in Virginia in 1623. James Jackman, who settled in New England in 1630. James Jackman, who landed in N Newbury, Massachusetts in 1648. William Jackman, who landed in Virginia in 1652. Phill Jackman, who arrived in Virginia in 1664. People with the surname Jackman who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Joseph John Jackman, who arrived in Virginia in 1702. Mathew Jackman, who landed in Virginia in 1702. Eliza Jackman, who landed in Virginia in 1702. Some of the people with the surname Jackman who came in the Canada in the 19th century included Anne Murphy Jackman, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1803. Simon Jackman, from County Carlow, settled in King’s Cove, Newfoundland in 1829.
Jackman Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Jackman blazon are the eagle and per saltire. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and argent.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period . They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject , but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!
To add variety and interest to the arms, heraldic artists began to divide the background of the shield into two parts, giving each a different colour. They were named for the ordinary that they most resembled, so the division of the shield by opposing diagonal lines, similar to the ordinary known as the saltire came to be called per saltire . Visually rather striking, it became popular and artists added decorative effects to the partition line to distinguish otherwise very similar coats of arms. .