Origin, Meaning, Family History and Janson Coat of Arms and Family Crest
England, Germany, Scotland
Origin of Janson:
It is an interesting surname which is recorded with many different spellings. This name derives from an old English origin. The foundation of this surname comes from the Middle English name Jan, a derivation of John, itself related to the Hebrew ‘Yochan’ which means, “The Lord is kind.” This name is very famous as a surname in Christianity, carried back to Europe by Crusaders who left for the Holy Land to take it back from Muslims. All of the crusades failed, but this still left an impression for the crusadors to return with surnames. In this particular case, the previous form of the surname in Europe was the Latinized word Johannus. In the new era there are considered to be almost one thousand spelling forms which are Jan, Jain(e), Jean, Jenn(e) and Genn. And also in the nickname forms, which means “boy of Jan,” like Jaynes, Jeynes, Jeanes, Jeens, Jenns, Janson, Ianson, I’anson, Jansen, Jonson, Johnson, Yanson, Yansons, and more. Previous instances of records consist of Anne Janson in September 1563 at Little Hampston, Devon, and that of Adrianus Jane, in November 1577, at Newton Abbott.
More common variations of this surname are: Janson, Jansson, Jannson, Jainson, Janison, Jansone, Jeanson, Juanson, Jaanson, Jansohn.
The surname Janson was first organized in Westmorland, where they held a family seat from ancient times, given estates by Duke William of Normandy, their true fellow for their remarkable services at the Campaign of Hastings in 1066 A.D.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Simon Ians, which was dated 1297, in the “Ministers Accounts of the Earldom of Cornwall.” It was during the time of King Edward I of England, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272 – 1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Janson settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Janson who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Jacob Janson, who arrived in Maryland in 1665. Lambert Janson, who landed in Maryland in 1667.
Some of the people with the name Janson who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Bernhart Janson, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1742. Christoph Janson, who landed in Massachusetts in 1753. George Wilhelm Janson, who came to Pennsylvania in 1763. Georg Wilhelm Janson landed in Philadelphia in 1763.
Some of the people with the name Janson who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Anna C Janson at the age of 14, landed in New Bedford, Massachusetts in 1831. George Janson at the age of 32, landed in Missouri in 1841. George Janson arrived in Philadelphia in 1848. William Janson, who arrived in St Clair County, Illinois in 1860 and Johann Janson, who came to America in 1872.
Some of the people with the name Janson who settled in Canada in the 19th century included Johan Janson, who landed in Manitoba in 1874. Peter Janson, who arrived in Manitoba in 1875.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Janson: United States 4,927; Sweden 3,742; Netherlands 1,347; France 1,151, Philippines 709; Tanzania 620; Australia 655; Germany 4,102; South Africa 1,059; Brazil 906.
Anton Janson (1620–1687), was a Dutch publisher and presser after which the font “Janson” is named.
Charles Auguste Marie Joseph, famous as Comte de Forbin-Janson (1785–1844), was a French priest of Nancy and Toul, and leader of the assembly.
Ciara Janson (born 1987), is an English actress and entertainer.
David Janson (born 1950), is an English artist and father of Ciara Janson.
Ernest A. Janson (1878–1930), was an outstanding American Mariner of World War I.
H. W. Janson (1913–1982), was American art professor.
Horst Janson (actor), is a German film and television artist.
Klaus Janson (born 1952), is an American storybook writer.
Oscar Janson (born 1975), is a Swedish sportsman.
Paul-Émile Janson (1872–1944), Belgian liberal leader and brother of Marie Janson.
Svante Janson is a Swedish mathematician.
Janson Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Janson blazon are the cross patonce and hind. The two main tinctures (colors) are vert and gules.
The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” . It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found . More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald . More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries . Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone..
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross patonce is typical of these, whereby each arm of the cross expands and ends in a bud-like projection. These cross variations are probably largely for decorative effect, and to differentiate the arms from similar ones and hence their significance is that of the Christian cross itself.
Many different forms of the deer, hart, roe-buck and other appear in rolls of arms, though often of similar appearance. The precise choice of animal possibly being a reference to the family name. If there is any symbology intended it is probably that of enjoyment of the hunt, deer in all its form being a popular prey.