Origin, Meaning, Family History and Keppel Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Keppel:
According to the early recordings of the spelling of this surname, this interesting and unique name is listed in many spelling forms such as Chape, Chappe, Cape (Norman and Picardian), Chapier, Caper, Capers (French), Cappa, Cappini and Capello (Italian), Capote and Capellero (Spanish), Keppel and Keppler (Dutch-German and Askenasic). It is a surname of Roman (Latin) origins. It acquires from the word ‘cappa’ which means a hat, and as such is frequently professional for a manufacturer of hats or hooded coat, specificaly for use by the higher position representative of the parish and religious orders. However, it may also have been a pet name for a continual wearer of short coats. The word as ‘chape’ brought into the British Islands after the Norman Conquest of 1066, where today it is ultimately appeared as Cape, while the popular Keppel family introduced England with Prince William of Orange in 1688. The name as Chapeler is certainly professional and mentions one who made hats for the nobility with courier designs.
More common variations are: Keppell, Keppele, Koeppel, Kaeppel, Keoppel, Keippel, Kheppel, Keppela, Keppely, Kieppel.
The surname Keppel first appeared in Herefordshire where another source shows that the name was acquired from “the offspring of King Albemarle who was Arnord-Joost van Keppel, King of Voerst, an offspring of one of the oldest houses in Guerlderland, [Holland] who followed King WIlliam III to England in 1688, and was by him developed to the name still enjoyed by the family.” According to ‘Folks of Shields,’ the name is similar to De Capella.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Reginald Chape, dated about 1297, in the “rolls of the Duchy of Cornwall”. It was during the time of King Edward I of England who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots”, dated 1272-1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Keppel had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Some of the people with the surname Keppel who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included John Jacob Keppel, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1819. Teunis Ian Keppel at the age of 25, arrived in New Orleans, La in 1846. Neeltje Keppel at the age of 12, landed in Baltimore, Maryland in 1847. Adriaantje VanRaalte Keppel at the age of 45, arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1847 and Bastiaantje Keppel, who landed in Baltimore, Maryland in the same year 1847.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Keppel: United States 1,606; Germany 941; Netherlands 439; Brazil 238; Australia 206; Austria 157; England 113; Singapore 89; Russia 81; New Zealand 76.
Alice Keppel (1869–1947), was Edward VII’s last lady love, and great grandmother to Camilla, rulers of Cornwall.
Arnold van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle (1670–1718), was the right-hand man of William of Orange.
Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel (1725–1786), was a British administrator.
Colin Richard Keppel (1862–1947), was Henry Keppel’s son and also an administrator.
Edwin Keppel Bennett (1887–1958), was a British professor.
Keppel “Kep” Enderby was an old Australian cabinet administrator.
Francis Keppel is an American professor.
George Keppel, 3rd Earl of Albemarle (1724–1772), was a British general.
Henry Keppel (1809–1904), was a British leader.
Judith Cynthia Aline Keppel was born in August 1942. He was the first one-million-pound winner on the television game show Who Wants to Be a rich man in the United Kingdom.
Robert D. Keppel is an American investigator of crimes and criminal profiler known for his work with Ted Bundy.
William Charles Keppel, 4th Earl of Albemarle GCH, PC (May 1772–October 1849), was a briefly styled commander Bury between May and October 1772, was a British leader.
Valentine S. “V.S.” “Val” Keppel (February 1865–September 1940) was an American laborer and leader.
Keppel Coat of Arms Meaning
The main device (symbol) in the Keppel blazon is the escallop. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, gules and argent .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries . Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone..
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The escallopoccurs often in arms, represented as the outside of the shell, sometimes “fluted” of a different colour . It has been part of heraldic tradition almost from the beginning of the art, Henry III of England awarded Gules, 3 escallopes argent to Herbert de CHAMBERLEYNE in the 13th century, and it is present in the heraldry of almost all countries . It is believed that they were adopted as badges of those going to the Holy Land and can be found in the arms of many a crusading family. Hence Wade’s suggested association of the scallop with those that “complete long journeys to far countries” .