Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (that Ilk, co. Fife). Motto—I live in hope. Sa. on a bend or, three canary birds ppr. Crest—Two anchors saltireways ppr.
2) (Edinburgh, 1818). Motto—Spem fortuna alit. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, as Kinnear, of that Ilk, within a bordure or; 2nd and 3rd, ar. on a fret of four pieces gu. as many hearts or, in every interstice a rose of the second barbed vert, for Gardiner. Crest—An anchor ppr.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Kinnear Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Kinnear:
According to the early recordings of the spellings of the name, this interesting and unique name was listed in many forms such as Kinnar, Kinner, and the more common Kinnear, this is a Scottish surname of early old origin. It is geographical from the place called Kinneir in the division of Fife near the hamlet of Wormit. The place name first noted at the starting of the 13th cntury as “Kyner,” from the Gaelic word “ceann,” which means head(land) and “iar,” to the west. The original family who took the name were servants of the ancestors of St. Andrews and held their estates until the starting of the 18th century. One Petrus Kynior selected as common councilor of Aberdeen in 1477, and John de Kynor was admitted citizens of Aberdeen in 1439. Henry Kinneir of Kinneir was selected as “commendator” of Balmerino Abbey in 1574. Thomas Kinnear and Elisabeth Mason married in St. Leonard’s, Shoreditch, in September 1780. One James Kinner, together with his wife Margaret, daughter Julia, and son Edward were famine settlers who moved from Liverpool aboard the “Columbia” bound for New York in July 1846.
More common variations are: Kinneary, Kinneara, Kinneair, Kinner, Kinear, Kinnar, Kinnar, Kinneir, Kennear, Kinnair.
The origins of the surname Kinnear appeared in Fife, where people held a family seat from early times. Someone say better before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings1066 A.D.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Symon de Kyner, dated about 1216, in the “Records of the Priory of St. Andrews”, Fife. It was during the time of King Alexander II of Scotland, dated 1214-1249. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with name Kinnear had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
The following century saw more Kinnear surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Kinnear who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included David Kinnear who came to Philadelphia in 1844.
The following century saw more Kinnear surnames arrive. People with the surname Kinnear who settled in Canada in the 19th century included John Kinnear arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship “Prudence” in 1838. Margaret Kinnear at the age of 23 and John Kinnear, both arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship “Prudence” in the same year 1838.
Some of the individuals with the surname Kinnear who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Alexandrina A.V. Kinnear, A.A.V. Kinnear and Jacinda C.D. Kinnear, all arrived in South Australia in the same year 1849 aboard the ship “Emily.” Michael Kinnear arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship “Hyderabad.”
Here is the population distribution of the last name Kinnear: South Africa 5,735; United States 2,089; England 1,656; Canada 1,132; Australia 843; Scotland 781; Northern Ireland 203; Ireland 131; Botswana 125; Wales 124.
Charles Kinnear (1830-1894), was a designer.
David Kinnear (1917–2008), was a Scottish football player.
David Kinnear (journalist) (c. 1906–1862), was a Canadian scholar.
Greg Kinnear (born 1963), is an American actor.
Kent Kinnear (born 1966), is an American tennis player.
Helen Kinnear (1894–1970), was a Canadian advocate.
Joe Kinnear (1912–1981), was an Australian rules football player.
Joe Kinnear (born 1946), is an Irish association football player and director.
John Boyd Kinnear (1828–1920), was a Scottish advocate, author, and leader.
Mary Elizabeth Kinnear (1898–1991), was a Canadian leader.
Norman Boyd Kinnear (1882–1957), was a Scottish biologist.
Roy Kinnear (1934–1988), was an English actor.
Rory Kinnear (born 1978), is an English actor and son of Roy Kinnear.
William Kinnear (1880–1974), was a Scottish rower.
Kinnear Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Kinnear blazon are the canary, bend and anchor. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and or.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name . In truth, despite the proliferation of species, the actual depictions can sometimes be hard to distinguish! The crane, heron and stork are commonly to be found on a coat of arms but all tend to share the same stylised appearance . The canary is actually represented as a finch, rather than the bird we think of today.
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right . Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). . The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank .
A wide variety of inanimate objects appear in coats of arms, so of them still recognisable today, others now rather obscure. The images used are often simplified and stylised, the anchor is a typical case. For any meaning, we need look no further than a nautical or sea-faring heritage. Indeed, some arms go into great detail of the colours and arrangement of the stock, stem, cables and flutes of the anchor reflecting a detailed knowledge of the form and use of this device. .