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Knightley Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

/Knightley Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Knightley Family Coat of Arms

Variations of this name are: Knightly.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Knightley. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Knightley Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Knightley blazon are the paly, spear, falcon and stag’s head. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, or and gules .

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” 4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35. Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77.

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154

Play is what is known as a treatment, a regular patterning, usually over the whole background of the shield. The word comes from the pale, the major vertical stripe that appears on some shields, paly is obvious its little cousin, consisting of, typically, 6 or more vertical stripes, alternately coloured 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Paly. The stripes can be any combination of the heraldic tinctures, an early example is that of GURNEY, being simply paly of six, or and argent. Paly can be combined with other effects, such as decorative edges on each stripe, or overlaid with other treatments such as bendy, and these can be very effective and pleasing to the eye 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P121.

Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms 12Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 89. The spear or lance is a typical example, often borne (for obvious reasons) in allusion to the crucifixtion. 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P111 Sometimes only the head is shown, and on other occasions the tilting or tournament spear is specified, familiar to us from many a jousting scene in the movies. 14A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Spear

Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name 15A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233. The falcon is a bird long associated with hunting and we need look no further than a liking for this pursuit for its presence on many early coats of arms. 16A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Falcon We also find many of the accessories used in falconry depicted on arms, and a surprising number of terms from the art of falconry have found use in modern English idioms and the interested reader is recommended to search out the origins of the phrases hoodwinked and “cadging” a lift.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Knightley Name

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Fawsley Park, co. Northampton, bart.). (Offchurch, co. Warwick, bart., extinct 1608; descended from Edward Knightley, younger brother of Sir Richard Knightley, Knt., of Pawsley, temp. Henry VIII.). Motto—Invita fortuna. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, erm.; 2nd and 3rd, paly of six or and gu. Crest—A buck's head couped ar. attired or. Supporters— Two falcons ppr.
2) (Shuston, 15 Ric. II.). Same Arms, a bordure engr. az.
3) (Knightley and Gnowsall). Same Arms as Knightley, of Shuston, a bend engr. az. in place of the border.
4) (co. Stafford). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, paly of six or and gu.; 2nd and 3rd, erm.
5) (Kingston-upon-Thames, co. Surrey: granted by Camden, 1623, to William Knightley, Esq.). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, erm.; 2nd and 3rd, paly of six or and gu. on a bend az. a tilting-spear of the second. Crest—A stag’s head ar. attired or, charged upon the neck with a trefoil vert.
6) (Chorley, co. Lancaster). Vert a cross engr. erm. in the 1st quarter a mullet pierced. Crest—A goat's head ar. charged with a mullet for diff.
7) (co. Stafford). Paly of six or and gu.
8) (co. Worcester). Ar. on a fesse sa. a mullet of the field. Crest—A dragon's head sa. with three tongues gu.
9) Az. a hart's head cabossed or (another, ar.).

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References   [ + ]

1. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
2. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
3. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
4. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
5. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Paly
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P121
12. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 89
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P111
14. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Spear
15. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233
16. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Falcon
17. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
18. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
19. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
20. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
21. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
22. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77
23. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
24. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
25. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
26. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Paly
27. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P121
28. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 89
29. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P111
30. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Spear
31. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233
32. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Falcon