Origin, Meaning, Family History and Knightley Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Surname Name Meaning, Origin, and Etymology
This is an Anglo-Saxon name that is more common in the UK than in the other English-speaking countries. The surname is a topographic name, which are names that represent the place of birth of the bearer, that originated in the village of Knightly where the first Knightley family lived. The earliest record of the name dates back to Staffordshire
The name is an old English surname that comes from the words “cnith” and “leah” which was used to designate the servant who did the wood clearing. Only in the late Middle Ages that the word Knight which derives from the term “cnith” gained its modern meaning of noble services to the king.
Due to a lack of standardization of the English language spelling variation was quite common, even among the noble literate men. The following are not necessarily the only variations but are certainly the most common of the Knightley surname: Knightly, Knitteleg, Knyghteleye Knightlea, Knightlie, and Knightlee.
Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The Knightley surname is more popular in English-speaking countries, but even within those territories, it’s not ranked among the most popular ones. In England, it ranked in 9.252 (most common in Middlesex and Surrey) and the US in 193.085 (most common in California and Kansas).
Early Bearers of the Surname
The earliest recorded bearer of the name is Rainald, mesne lord of Knightley, in the times of king William the Conqueror. Robert de Knyghstelee, Staffordshire, times of Edward I-III. The name, as mentioned above, was originated in the Knightly village of Staffordshire and the early bearers of the name later settled in the regions of Essex, Middlesex, Cambridgeshire, and the city of London.
History, Genealogy, and Ancestry
The Knightley family originated in Staffordshire, England. Then it spread across the country until some moved to Ireland. Then the most notable migrations occurred from England to America and Australia (after colonial era).
Robert Knightley, the father of John de Knightley, was summoned by his king to follow him against the Scots in 1301. In 1308 he married Alice Doyley, who became Alice Knightley.
John de Knightley, son of Robert and Alice Knightley, married Nichole Knightley. He died in 1391 and left a son called Richard Knightley born in 1335.
Richard Knightley married Ellen Chaunceaux and had a son named William Knightley. The date of the death of Richard Knightley is unknown.
William Knightley, Born about 1378 in Fawsley, Daventry, Northamptonshire, married Anna Charlton. They had a son named Thomas (Knightley) Charlton. William Knightley died in 1403.
After him, all his descendants began using the name Charlton instead of Knightley. Thomas Charlton, Robert Charlton, Richard Charlton, and etc.
Other Knightleys are found through England, but they don’t seem to have a direct bloodline with the Knightleys of Staffordshire, but they might have since they all originated from Staffordshire.
Edmund Knightley is said to have built the Fawsley Hall, although it’s positive that the Knightley family was the one who had it built, sources diverge on whether or not it was Edmund who had it built. But the entire Knightley family left their remarks at Fawsley. Beginning with Richard Knightley a lawyer from Staffordshire (who bought the land), passing to his grandson Sir Richard Knightley, knighted by Henry VII. Then to Sir Richard’s son Edmund Knightley.
The Knightley family has almost no records in other countries but England. With just a few births (around 10) in Ireland in the 1800s.
Early American and New World Settlers
There aren’t records of early settlers in colonial America only Australia and New Zealand, but there are records of immigrants in the 1900s: Margaret Theresa Knightley who boarded a ship to Honolulu, as well as Keith Knightley. Also, Thomas Knightley whose destination is unknown.
Although dignity, magnanimity, and bravery are all words associated with the family coat of arms, there aren’t any known family motto.
We have 9 coat of arms variations, but the one coat of arm that is the most widespread recognized as being of the house of Knightley has four main symbols. The family coat of arm uses the paly, the falcon, the spear, and the stag’s head.
This representation of the coat of arms doesn’t change, but the patterns (colors) do. There are two patterns, the gules and the ermine. They represent “Dignity” and “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”.
Famous people with this Last name are: 1) Phillip George Knightley (1929-2016) an Australian journalist, critic, and non-fiction author. He was a visiting Professor of Journalism at the University of Lincoln, England. And was also a media commentator for intelligence services and propaganda. 2) Steve Knightley (1954 -) is an English singer, songwriter and acoustic musician whose most known as UK’s most successful folk duo, Show of Hands. 3) Will Knightley (1946 -) is an English actor who’s famous for his work on stage, television, and voice-over. Keira Knightley (1985 -), daughter of Will Knightley, is an English actress and the most famous name bearer of recent history. She is an Academy Award-nominated actress and has won more than 20 awards and has been nominated for more than 40.
Knightley Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Knightley blazon are the paly, spear, falcon and stag’s head. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, or and gules .
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” . Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun . In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ .
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Play is what is known as a treatment, a regular patterning, usually over the whole background of the shield. The word comes from the pale, the major vertical stripe that appears on some shields, paly is obvious its little cousin, consisting of, typically, 6 or more vertical stripes, alternately coloured . The stripes can be any combination of the heraldic tinctures, an early example is that of GURNEY, being simply paly of six, or and argent. Paly can be combined with other effects, such as decorative edges on each stripe, or overlaid with other treatments such as bendy, and these can be very effective and pleasing to the eye .
Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms . The spear or lance is a typical example, often borne (for obvious reasons) in allusion to the crucifixtion. Sometimes only the head is shown, and on other occasions the tilting or tournament spear is specified, familiar to us from many a jousting scene in the movies.
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name . The falcon is a bird long associated with hunting and we need look no further than a liking for this pursuit for its presence on many early coats of arms. We also find many of the accessories used in falconry depicted on arms, and a surprising number of terms from the art of falconry have found use in modern English idioms and the interested reader is recommended to search out the origins of the phrases hoodwinked and “cadging” a lift.