medieval cook with cauldrons
Surname Name Meaning, Origin, and Etymology
Koch is a German (or Jewish) occupational last name for a cook, a person who prepared food, or a title for a person in charge of a kitchen (for a Lord or Baron or other royal/noble house or a monastery), deriving from the Latin word coquess or coquus and the Middle High German koch, meaning cook. Often times, a village would have a cook who made food collectively for the inhabitants, since not all houses were outfitted with the proper equipment, which was likely too expensive and limited in quantity for each individual house to hold. Hence, it was a vital job in the Middle Ages and prior, as attested by its frequency throughout the continent. One source claims the surname was first found in Bavaria, which was part of the Holy Roman Empire, during medieval times, and became popular throughout Christendom.
There are also two other origins theories or meaning for the Koch surname. First, it could be a Slovak or Czech name deriving from a per form or reduced version of medieval personal (first) names beginning with Ko (ex. Kocian, Kojata, Kosmas, and Kochan). Second, it could be Polish in origin and derive from the nickname from the word kochac, meaning “to love”, and hence has a similar etymology as the Polish surname Kochan.
Common spelling variants or names with similar etymologies include Koche, Koech, Kochen,Cook, Kosh, Kotch, Coke, Caulk, Koeche, Coch, Coche, Coech, Cochen, Coeche, Coechekn, Kock, Kochs, Kocks, Koechli, Koehchle, Koechly, Kooch, Koock (Lower German), Kockly (Swiss), Kox (Lower Rhine), and Keoch.
Popularity & Geographic Distribution
This surname is popular through mainland Europe, but is somewhat uncommon in the British Isles. The Koch last name ranks as follows in the following countries: Germany (13th), Austria (42nd), Switzerland (34th), France (824th), South African (553rd), Netherlands (554th), Denmark (92nd), Sweden (796th), Belgium (1,273rd), Hungary (726th), Norway (973rd), Luxembourg (64th), Estonia (455th), Canada (1,296th), Australia (1,066th), and New Zealand (3,324th).
The last name Koch ranks 657th in popularity in terms in the United Status as of the 2000 Census. The name ranks particularly high in the following ten states: Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Missouri, and Pennsylvania.
Early Bearers of the Surname
The earliest known bearer of this surname was Burchart Coch who was documented in the city of Zurich in 1224 AD. Hainricus Coci was recorded in Hohentangen, German in 1268 AD. Rufolf Kocheli was documented in Konstantz in 1303 AD. Henne Koclin was recorded in Wurzburg in 1409 AD.
History, Genealogy, Ancestry & Pedigree
Nikolaus Koch was born in Eberbach, Germany in 1515. He had a son named Niklas. Niklas was born in the same town in Baden-Wuerttemberg in 1545. He married Barbara and had two issue with her: Nicholaus and Michel. The former son was born in Eberbach in 1580 and he married a woman named Anna. They had a son named Nickel born in 1610. This Nickel married Maria Baspach and later Anna Katherina Husskor and he had two children: Martha Maria and Hans Michael. His son Hans Michael Koch was born in Oberdielbach, Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis in 1648 and he married Anna Maria Schultheiss with whom he had a son named Johann. This Johann Georg Koch was born in Eberbach in 1680. He married Marie Barbara Waesch and had a son with her whose name was also Johann. This Johann Adan Koch was born in 1717 in Laudenbach, Bavaria. He married Anna Susanne Breidenbach and had a son with her named Johann Adam. This Johann Adam was born in Laundenbach on the Main in 1745. He married Maria Anna Winkler and had a son with her named Franz. This Franz Stephen Koch was born in 1789 in Bavaria. He married Maria Josepha Breitenbach and had a son with her. This son was Johann Adam Breitenbach Koch who was born in the same town in 1822. He went to St. Louis, Missouri where he married Agnes Schneider. They had a son together named Joseph. Joseph Koch was born in Germany in 1846 and he married Barba Buhl. They had a son together also named Joseph. This Joseph Koch was born in Quincy, Illinois in 1882 and he married Calara M. Bessling Ohnemus. Prior to his death in 1905, he had a daughter named Agnes Clara.
Johann Conrad Kock was born in 1762. He married Etta Maria Harms. They had a son named Johann Anthon Koch who was born in Jever, Lower Saxony, Germany in 1790. He married Anna Sophia Schols and had the following issue with her: Jurjen, Johann Conrad, Lolkje, Etta Maria, Etta Marie, Johanna Meyer, Johan Anthon, Mietje, and Jeane. His son Johann Anthon was born in Workum, Friesland, Netherlands in 1836. He had numerous issue, including a son named Hotze (Harry) Koch who was born in the Netherlands and went to Texas, United States. He married Margaret B. Mixson and had two issue with her: John Anton and Fred Chase. Fred Chase Koch was born in 1900 in Quanah and was the father of the famous Koch brothers.
Michael “Nickell” Koch was born in 1706 in Bosenbach, Zweibrucken, Paltinate, Germany. He came to Pennsylvania He had a son named Philip. Philip who was born in British Colonial America around 1756. He married Elizabeth Ripple and had a son with her named William. William Koch was born in Northampton, PA in 1778 and he married Barbra Derr. They had a son together named Enos Washington who was born in the same town in 1819. He married Christina Chrisman and had a daughter with her named Elenora, born in 1869, who married Jesiah Muffley, and had a son with him, prior to hear death in 1924.
Joel Koch was born before 1887. He had a son named Juda Isak who married Clara Edelstein. They had a son named Louis who was born in Ustecko, Ukraine in 1894. He married Yetta Joyce Silpe and came to the United States. They had several children, including Edward Irving Koch, born in 1924 who became the 105th Mayor of New York City in 1977. He was born in the Bronx and was of Jewish ancestry.
Early American and New World Settlers
Early settlers in colonial America bearing this name include: Anna Maria Koch (New York City 1709), Johann Koch (1709), Georg Ludwig Koch (New York City 1710), Jacob Koch (North Carolina 1722), and Caspar Koch (Carolina 1738).
Early Americans Bearing the Koch Family Crest
I researched the following three resources and did not find any coats of arms for Koch: Bolton’s American Armory, Matthew’s American Armoury and Bluebook, and Crozier’s General Armory.
We have identified one Koch family motto: Candidor Illis, meaning “Bright days” or “Purer than the others” or “Brighter than those others”.
We have 27 coats of arms for the Koch surname depicted here. These 32 are from Armorial General published in 1861 by the famous genealogist/heraldist Johannes Baptisa Rietstap. The bottom of this page contains the blazons (in French and English), and in many instances contains some historical, geographical, and genealogical about where coat of arms was found and who bore it.
Pauline Koch, mother of Albert Einstein
There are hundreds of notable people with the Koch surname. This page will mention a handful. Famous people with this last name include: 1) Charles de Ganahl Koch and David Hamilton Hoch, born in 1935 and 1940, respectively, are American businessman born in Wichita, Kansas, known as the Koch Brothers, who own a family business called Koch Industries, a conglomerate that is the second largest private firm in the United States, who was well-known for their monetary contributions and activism in libertarian and conservative causes and organizations, 2) Amy T. Koch (1971) who was born in Buffalo, Minnesota, a Republican who became the Minnesota State Majority Leader, 3) Berthold Koch (1899-1988) who was a German chess master and journalist from Berlin, 4) Carl Koch (1912-1998) who was an American architect born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin who was associated with the design of prefabricated homes and pioneering the Techcrete building systems, 5) Albert Aubrey Koch (1904-1975) who was an Australian military and civil pilot born in Ulverstone, Tasmania who served in World War II who earned fame as the rescuer of the Archbold expedition,6) William Koch (1974) who was a relief pitcher in MLB who was born in Rockville Centre, New York and played for the Toronto Blue Jays, Chicago White Sox, Oakland Athletics, and Florida Marlins, 7) Carl Ludwig Koch (1778-1857) who was an German arachnologist and entomologist born in the city of Kusel, 8) Wilhelmina Amalie Koch (1845-1924) who was a German composer of holy and secular song melodies and biblical motets and was only one of two women whose work was included in the Protestant hymnal, 9) Ursula Koch (141) who was the first women president of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland and was from the city of Zurich, 10) Stephan W. Koch (1953) who is a German theoretical physicist born in Frankfurt who is a professor at the University of Marburg who is best known for his contributions to the gelds of optical/electronic properties of semiconductors, lasers, and quantum optics, 11) Pyke Kock (1901-1991) who was a Dutch artist known for painting in the magic realist school, and 12) Pauline Koch (1858-1920) who was the mother of Albert Einstein and was born in Cannstatt in the Kingdom of Wurttemberg.