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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

First notation: 1230 W polu srebrnem, a trzy skosy czerwone. Klejnot: trzy pi"ra strusie srebrne

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Kos Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Kos Origin:

Germany

Origins of Kos:

According to the early recordings of the spelling of the name, this interesting and unique name was listed in many forms containing as Kos, Kose, and Kosel, this very interesting surname is Mid-European. It mainly noted in Germanic areas such as Germany itself, Austria and the now the Czech Republic. It has two possible origins. The first is an old word of the pre 10th century, ‘kos,’ which means blackbird. In old times, the blackbird had a quite undeserved fame for being intelligent or even naughty, and it demanded that this word was then used in a transmitted sense for a person who was a businessperson or trader. It has to be said that trying to ascribe precise meanings to surnames created sometimes eight hundred years or more ago, is at best a risky task. The original meaning is open to opinion, but logic shows that had it indicated dishonesty, it could hardly have remained all these years. There is a possible secondary meaning in that the origin could be, at least for some name ancestors, from the Yiddish word ‘kos’ meaning a cup or glass, and hence a name for a producer or seller of these wares. The surname is one of the first to be recorded in the early German records, which are much the initial on the continent. These include Hermann Kosele of the city of Worms in 1321, and Heinrich Kos of Aufkirch, Uberlingen, Germany, in 1366.

Variations:

More common variations are: Koos, Koss, Kose, Kosi, Koso, Kosu, Kjos, Kaos, Kosy, Kios.

Germany:

The surname Kos first appeared in Mecklenburg, where the Ross family donated greatly to the advancement of an emerging nation, and would later play a large role in the tribal and national conflicts of the area. Over time, the Ross family name department into other houses, where their influence continued to felt because of the important role they played in the local social and political matters.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Kos had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Kos landed in the United States in the 17th century. Some of the people with the name Kos who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Marretie Kos at the age of 2, arrived in New York in the year 1657.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Kos: Poland 8,545; Croatia 5,148; Slovenia 4,406; Hungary 2,487; Germany 2,253; Turkey 2,236; United States 2,149; Czech Republic 2,090; Netherlands 1,674; Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,219.

Notable People:

Tomasz Kos (born April in the year 1974 in Koło) is an old Polish football player who spent his time playing mostly with German clubs 1. FC Nuremberg and FC Erzgebirge Aue.

Rudolph Edward Kos (born April 1945) is an old Roman Catholic priest who appeared guilty of sex crimes in the Diocese of Dallas. In 1998, Kos was condemned of three counts of complicated sexual assault and sentenced to life in prison. In April 1992, a therapist had told officials of the parish that Kos was a “classic textbook pedophile.” However, Priest Charles Victor Grahmann acknowledged he did not read this record and allowed Kos to have entrance to children for almost one full year more. The last documented occurrence of abuse was 11 months later.

René Kos (born October 1955) is a retired cyclist from the Netherlands. He had his best performances in motor-paced racing, winning the world championships in 1981 and finishing in second place in 1983. He also finished second in 1980 but was disbarred for failing the doping test. He won the national motor-paced cycling championships in the years 1981, 1982, 1984 and 1985.

Józef Kos (September 1900 in Bącz – April 2007 in Sierakowice) was one of the last remaining experts of the First World War and one of the oldest people in Poland at the time of his death. He was an ethnic Kashubian. In 1918, he served for the German Empire in the German Army during the last year of the war.

Kos Coat of Arms Meaning

The main device (symbol) in the Kos blazon is the bendy. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

Knowing that the bend is a diagonal stripe of colour, we can easily conclude that bendy is the variant whereby the whole of the shield is covered with diagonal stripes of alternating colours, usually around 4 or 5 of each colour. 6A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Bend We should not assign any particular significance to the choice of this pattern, but rather more to the colours they are composed of.

1 Comment

  • Werner Zurek says:

    Kos, kos, blackbird, or kosic (c with „´“) to mow, or kosa, scythe. Kos (Kos, Koss) – a Prussian coat of arms, probably of West European origin. Used by about 20 families mainly in Royal Prussia, as well as in Maz ovia and Lithuania.
    Piotr Koss, a listener of law, 1556 a syndicate of the University of Padua. Jan Cossius, a Pole, became a doctor of medicine in Padua in 1553. Jerzy, bailiff of 1574 (Arch I. Z. Ros. I. 1). N., 1583, the king’s armory of King Stefan. Maciej Koss, Pomeranian chamberlain 1578. Mikołaj, cathedral parish priest and Warmian canon of 1590 (Kętrz.), He was the royal secretary and canon of Włocławek and Warsaw. Nicholas, deceased in 1599, buried in Oliwa, from the died of Justyna Konarska, who died in 1621, had three sons: Jan, who died in 1581, Andrzej and Feliks, Pelplin Abbot, royal secretary, general commissioner of the Cistercians, both died in 1618 . buried in Oliwa. Rafał, a monk in Oliwa, died in 1624. Stanisław Koss, Wendeń chamberlain, died in 1612. He was married to Elżbieta from Smogorzów Wąsowiczówna, daughter of Wacław, writer of the Polish Crown and Anna of Drohojowski, 2nd v. Wife of Jerzy Butler, Chamberlain of Wendens in 1624. Their son, Wawrzyniec, a brave soldier, together with his wife, Anna of Sienna, received a royal consensus in 1635, to buy Wandzel’s goods, in the parish of Posen, from Butler, and in 1638, to surrender the mayor in Majków, from the Piotrków District, Otwinowski. Wawrzyńca, son Jan of 1639 (Zap. Lub. 19 f. 355, M. 180 f. 455, 185 f. 36 and 215). It may very well be that this Jan, a royal courtier, received the Lipieńskie starosty of 1660 (201 201 559). Maciej, deceased in 1628, buried in the Dominicans in Chełmno. His brother Jan, the royal carpenter of 1621, Golub staroste of 1626, the starost of Borzechów in 1634, became a Chełm cossman in 1636, in 1643 an Elbląg castellan, and in 1648 a Chełm governor and a starosta kowalewskim. Married to the 1st century with Eufrozina Knutówna, widow of Jan Lok, for whom he received 1626 for life in the Golub starosty (173, 396), 2-o. With Konstancja Denhoffówna, who was granted life sentence, in starosty brodnicki, also possessed by the voivode who died in 1663 (M. 203 f. 228, Sig. 7 f. 116). The voivode signed the electorate of Jan Kazimierz. In 1642, he renounced Miedzianowski Wielgąłąkę, in the Chełmno province (M. 185 f. 465). Jan, the other Jan, the Pomeranian deputy, Kazimierz and Władysław, signed with the Pomeranian Voivodship the electorate of Jan Kazimierz. One of these Janów, ensign of Chełmno in 1661, received the Ostrołęński eldership in 1664. He was the infernal castellan of 1685, and he became the governor of Chełmno in 1688. He died in 1702. In 1668, he received Młodzieszyn, in the province of Rawa (Sig. 96 and 14 f. 12). He kept and the Grunwald and Starogodzkie eldership. In the years 1698-1701, together with his wife, he received twelve royal consensus to withdraw his starosts and kings. to various persons (Handbooks, Sig .: 136 f. 75 and 262 and 86). From the wedding of 1675 in Torun, during the barrage, Maryanna from Ludwigsburg, Wolffówna, had the voivode of the daughter: Maryanna, after Piotr Ernest Kczewski (M. 252 f. 182) and Konstancja, for Aleksander Czapski (Ręków Oss. Sig. 136 f 85), and sons: Jan and Józef. The widow who remained after him kept 1702 the starosty, ostrołęckie and starogrodzkie. From the sons of the voevoda: Jan, staroste ostrołęcki 1703, which he had with his wife, Anastazyą margrabianka. Myszkowska, 2-v. Michałowa Jordanowa, voivode of Bełs (Sig. 16), became the voivode of Smolensk in 1710. He died in 1712. Józef, as a local governor of splinters, signed the confederacy general in 1696. In 1703, he was the starostod staroste, and in 1709 he became the province governor of the province of Livonia. In 1713, he resigned from the Starostwo province and became a priest and died a bishop of the Chełmno nomination in 1717. Adam, Warsaw archdeacon and 1630 Włocławek canon, then Chełmno bishop, 1661 died. Jan, a former royal courtier, captain in 1678 (Zap. Or. 57 f. 276). Fabian Franciszek signed, with the Pomeranian Voivodship, the electorate of August II. Franciszek, ensign of Chełmno, 1699, Sabina, after Marcin Bagniewski, at the end of the 17th century. Jan, warrant officer of Chełmno, sold Pruszak, Belno and Osłowo to 1713, and the following year he testified to the life sentence with his wife Teresa of Mączyńscy (document 62, 367 and 525). Adam, his son, because a Chełmno ensign, received a royal consensus in 1721, to buy from Zieliński, a warrior starosty (Sig. 20). In 1727 he became a castellan of Kruszwice, and in 1728 a castellan of Chełmno, from which he resigned from 1733, he became a priest. In 1732, he received a royal consensus on the resignation of the Warceline eldership to Józef Pułaski. In 1722, together with his wife, Barbara of Bobrownicki, he received Old Warka for life in the land of Czersk (D.D. 68 f. 376 and 64 f. 677). His first wife, according to Niesiecki, was Ostrowicka, the other had Helena Sołtykówna, but he divorced her. His daughters left Bobrownicka: Barbara countess de Bruckenthal and Dorota 1743. Jan Jerzy, chamberlain and MP from Chełmno, he signed the Warsaw Confederation General in 1733, and Marcin and Michał, deputies of the Prussian province, elekcya Augusta III-go (Warsaw Bonds 49, 422, 610 and 612). Probably the above Jan Jerzy, because the Chełmno chamberlain, became castellan of the city of 1752, and died in 1756. Jan, from Chełmno Province, elector Stanisław August. Antoni, from his wife Laterska, heiress Hansgutu, in Grudziądz, widow of Browiński, he had a son, Jan 1772, Franciszek, son of Józef and Bogumiła from Czarnecki, born on 1792 in Warsaw, colonel of the former Polish army, the bachelor of orders: Legion of Honor, Virtuti Militari, Red Eagle and Saint. Anna, director of the cadet corps in Kalisz in 1829, died in 1841. His brother, Ignacy Józef, born on 1800, director of the theater and a member of the directorate of governmental theaters, he died in 1848.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
3. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
6. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Bend