Blazons & Genealogy Notes
First notation: 1554 W polu czerwonym srebrna litera T wywr”cona, rozdarta i pod rozdarciem przekrzyżowana; z lewej jej strony p”łksiężyc złoty rogami w prawo, z prawej gwiazda złota sześciopromienna. Klejnot: trzy pi”ra strusie.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Kurcz Coat of Arms and Family Crest
More common variations are: Kuruz, Kuracz, Kurczy, Kurczi, Kurycz, Kurocz, Kurecz, Kuricz, Kurucza, Kuraczi. The surname Kurcz first found in Switzerland, where the family became noted for its many branches within the region. Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were like Johan Kristoffel Kurts, who arrived in New York with his wife and two children in the year 1709. Maria Elisabeth Kurtz arrived in New Jersey in the year 1709. Johannes Kurtz arrived in Philadelphia in the year 1727.
Kurcz Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Kurcz blazon are the mullet and crescent. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, argent and or .
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” . Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun . In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ .
The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” . A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires . In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” .
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose xz`, and the crescent Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. Some common is this device that there are special names for its appearance in various orientations – whilst it lies normally with points upward, the decrescent points to the sinister side, and the increscent to the dexter . The allusion, obviously is to the shape of the moon in the sky (indeed, the French have a version “figuré” which includes a face!) and has been said to signify both “honour by the sovereign” and “hope of greater glory” .