Origin, Meaning, Family History and Langham Coat of Arms and Family Crest
England, Ireland, Wales
Origin of Langham:
It is an interesting English surname. Listed in different spelling forms such as Langham, Langam, Lanham, and the languages Lankom, Lankon, and Lancum. It is a regional surname from one or probably all of the hamlets named Langham or Laneham in the divisions of Suffolk, Dorset, and Norfolk. All these hamlets arise in the popular Domesday Book of the year 1086, and all have the similar meaning. It is the ‘the lengthy farm,’ though absolutely why an area should be long as across short, an explanation that is not intentionally listed, we are not able to say. Regional surnames frequently were given as a source of recognition to those who migrated from their original homelands to anywhere in search of work. Early examples of the name listings derived from remaining parish records of the 16th century consist of John Lanham and Mary Mason who married in January 1572 at St. Nicholas Acons, London, and Elizabeth Lancum married Thomas Kempe in the parish of St Mary Somerset, also city of London, in May in the year 1628.
More common variations of this surname are: Langhaim, Langhame, Lanagham, Langhham, Llangham, Lahngham, Langam, Langhm, Lowangham, Leanghaim.
The name Langham was first organized in Down part of the Province of Ulster, in Northern Ireland, anciently recognized as Division St Mirren, where they held a family seat from early times.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Walter de Langham, which was dated 1201, in the Pipe Rolls of the division of Dorset. It was during the time of King John of England, dated 1199 – 1216. The origin of surnames during that time became an important requirement for the development of personal taxation. It came to be known as census Tax in England. Surnames all over the country started to develop, with different and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Langham settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Langham who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Christopher Langham at the age of 26, settled in New York in 1633. Christopher Langham, who landed in New York in 1633. George Langham, who came in Maryland in 1652 – 1658. Phillip Langham, who arrived in Virginia in 1658. Phillip Langham who settled in Virginia in the year 1658.
Some of the people with the name Langham who settled in the United States in the 18th century included James Langham, who came to Virginia in 1700.
Some of the individuals with the name Langham who settled in the United States in the 19th century included John Langham, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) Division, Pennsylvania in 1869.
Some of the people with the name Langham who settled in Australia in the 19th century included William Langham arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Psyche” in 1849. James Langham at the age 20 came to South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship “Mallard.”
Some of the people with the name Langham who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included Thomas Langham at the age of 33, Catherine Langham at the age of 31, Mary Ann Langham, at the age of 5 and Thomas Langham, at the age of 2, all arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Bombay” in the same year in 1865.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Langham: United States 4,346; England 2,070; Wales 68; Australia 880; Scotland 125; Canada 137; South Africa 219; Germany 134; France 110; New Zealand 102.
Antonio Langham (born 1972), is an old American professional footballer.
Bianca Langham-Pritchard (born 1975), is an Australian player in field hockey.
Chris Langham (born 1949), is a British comedian.
Elias Langham (1749–1830), was an American leader and fighter.
Franklin Langham (born 1968), is an American professional golf player
J. N. Langham (1861–1945), was an American congressman from Pennsylvania.
Michael Langham (born 1919), is a British artist and producer.
Nat Langham (1820–1871), was an English fighter
Sophie Langham is an English entertainer.
Wallace Langham (born 1965), is an American artist.
Wright Haskell Langham (1911-1972), was a specialist in the fields of plutonium exposure, aerospace, and medicine.
Langham Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Langham blazon are the bear, label, chevron embattled and cinquefoil. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, or and sable .
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
The bear is more common in the arms of continental Europe than in British arms (possibly due to the lack of bears native to that country!), although the county of Warwickshire famously includes a bear in its arms. Wade tells us that the bear is the “emblem of ferocity and the protection of kindred”.
The label holds a special place in heraldry, originlly being a temporary mark, used by the oldest son while his father was still alive. In appearance it is a horizontal bar near the top of the shield from which descend 3 or 5 “points” or small rectangles descending from the bar. In more recent use it has come to used as charge in its own right and may have additional charges on each point, which can create a pleasing visual effect.
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries, being in the form of an inverted ‘v’ shape . It is a popular feature, visually very striking and hence developed to have various decorative edges applied to distinguish otherwise identical coats of arms. An edge which is decorated like the top of a castle wall is said to be embattled, or sometimes crenelle, from the original French. (In castle building terminology the parts of the wall that stick up are known as merlons, and the resulting gaps as crenels). A whole sub-section of heraldic terminology has sprung up to describe whether these crennellations appear on which edges, whether they line up or alternate, have additional steps or rounded tops. The interested reader is directed to the reference for the full set! For obvious reasons, use of this decoration is to be associated with castles and fortified towns, an early authority, Guillim suggest also some association with fire, but with out clear reason . In all, this is one of the more common, and most effective and appropriate of the decorative edges.