Origin, Meaning, Family History and Lauder Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Lauder:
Listed in the spellings as Lauder and Lauderdale, this is a popular Scottish geographical surname. As Lauder, it originates from the hamlet of Lauder in the district of Berwickshire, and as Lauderdale from a name for the western district of the similar district of Berwickshire. The translation of the place name and hence the next surname considered being from the French-Breton pre 7th-century word “name,” which means a channel or canal. The surname was one of the first listed in Scotland, and early examples derived from actual rolls and records of the old period contained as William de Lawedre, the sheriff of Perthshire in the rule of King Alexander III of Scotland (1249 – 1286), Alan de Lawadyr, who observed a charter by Stephen Fleming, master of the Hospital of Soltre in 1426, and Johannes Lathirdale, an official public, in the city of Glasgow in 1472. Other recordings include Sir David Luthirdale, archdeacon of Dunkeld in 1477, while William Lauder, given as being a learned criminal, passed away in 1771
More common variations are: Llauder, Laudehr, name, Laauder, Laudwer, Laudere, Laudder, Laudher, Lauderw, Lader.
The origins of the surname Lauder appeared in Berwickshire where people held a family seat from old times. Someone say better before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings 1066 A.D.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert de Lauedre, dated about 1250, in the “Records of the Abbey of Dryburgh.” The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Lauder had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Lauder landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Lauder who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included D Lauder, who landed in Texas in 1650-1906.
Individuals with the surname Lauder who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Peter Lauder, who arrived in Virginia in 1704. George Lauder settled in Virginia in 1716.
The following century saw more Lauder surnames come. Some of the people with the surname Lauder who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included John and Sarah Lauder, who settled in Belfast Maine in 1820. George Lauder, who arrived in North Carolina in 1851.
with the surname Lauder who settled in Canada in the 19th century included Nathaniel Lauder, who landed in Esquimalt, British Columbia in 1862.
Some of the individuals with the surname Lauder who landed in Australia in the 19th century included John Lauder and John Lauder, both also arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Emily” in the same year 1849. William Lauder arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship “Dirigo.”
Some of the population with the surname Lauder who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Edward Lauder arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Wairoa” in 1877.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Lauder: United States 2,015; England 1,549; Australia 982; Scotland 971; Canada 849; Philippines 644; South Africa 329; New Zealand 272; Turkey 210; Wales 147.
Abram William Lauder (1834-1884), was a Canadian advocate and leader.
Afferbeck Lauder pseudonym of Alastair Ardoch Morrison (1911-1998), was an Australian graphic artist.
Alexander Lauder (d. 1440), was a priest of Dunkeld.
Alexander Lauder of Blyth (d. 1513), was a Provost of Edinburgh.
David Ross Lauder (1894-1972), was a Scottish Victoria Cross recipient.
Estée Lauder (person) (1906-2004), was the founder of Estée Lauder Companies.
Harry Lauder (1870-1950), was a Scottish music-hall artist.
James Eckford Lauder (1811-1869), was a Scottish entertainer.
Thomas Lauder (1395-1481), was a Scottish priest.
Lauder Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Lauder blazon are the griffin, tressure and angel. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? As heraldry developed a whole menagerie of imagined creatures came into being, and their various representations became more or less standardised in form and appearance. The griffin is perhaps the most common of these creatures, being a chimera with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. . It is most often in the pose known as rampant segreant, on its hind legs with claws and wings extended. Vinycomb has much to say on the subject of the griffin, perhaps summarised in his belief that it represents “strength and vigilance”.]
The tressure is an oridinary that echoes the outer edge of the shield, being a thin single or double line somewhat inset from the outside. It can decorated at key points with fleurs-de-lys in which case it is known as a tressure flory counter-flory. Wade considers it to be the emblem of “preservation and protection”, presumably because of its “surrounding” of the other charges.
The middle ages was a deeply religious time, and since the bulk of heraldry was developed in countries that were almost entirely Christian it is no surprise that religious and church symbology was widely adopted for use in coats of arms. The angel Is a typical such usage. Wade assigns it the additional meaning of “dignity, glory and honour”. They are depicted in conventional form, facing the viewer with wings extended.