Blazons & Genealogy Notes1) (Colchester, co. Essex, co. Lancaster, and co. York). Erm. a cross patonce az.
2) Erm. a cross crosslet az.
This unique and interesting name has three possible sources, the first of which is Anglo-Saxon and is a geographical surname from either of the two places so called in West Yorkshire near Keighley and North Yorkshire. Both areas share similar meaning and origin, which is a river name which means “shining, shimmering, glittering,” acquired from the Olde English pre 7th Century word “leoma,” in Middle English “leeming.” The second origin is from a particular name, in Olde English “Leofman” in Middle English “Lefman,” which means “darling, loved man,” from “leof” and “mann.” The third origin is a nickname for a lover or dear with the similar components as above but used of both sexes. Elizabeth Leeming named at St. Bartholomew the Great in London in October 1630.
More common variations are: Leeming, Leaming, Lemming, Lieming, Lemoing, Lehming, Lemiang, Leiming, Wleming, Leuming.
The origins of the surname Leming appeared in Yorkshire where people held a family seat from old times. Someone say better before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings1066 A.D.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Stephen Leming, dated about the year 1273, in the “Hundred Rolls of Oxfordshire.” It was during the time of King Edward I, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272-1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Leming had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
The following century saw much more Leming surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Leming who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Georg Leming, who came to Pennsylvania in 1754. Thomas Leming settled in Jamaica in the year 1773.
The following century saw much more Leming surnames arrive. People with the surname Leming who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Robert Leming arrived in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1774. Robert Leming at the age of 51, landed in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1774. Robert Leming at the age of 17, arrived in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1774.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Leming: United States 2,130; Suriname 107; Estonia 77; Netherlands 49; England 48; Canada 41; Rusia 31; Australia 20; Indonesia 11; Ukraine 6.
Josiah Leming was born in March in the year 1989. He is an American musician, composer originally from Morristown, Tennessee. At the age of 17, Leming left high school and began traveling across the United States to play shows while living out of his car. It ultimately caught the eye of officials at Warner Brothers Records who signed him to his first major label record deal in the year 2008.
Guilherme Marcos Garcia Leming was born in September in the year 1961 in Lençóis Paulista. He is a Brazilian actor.
Fernanda Miranda Paes Leme de Abreu was born in June in the year 1983 in São Paulo. She is a Brazilian actress and daughter of the reciter and sports analyst Álvaro José; she began her career as a child in advertising operations.
Samuel Loch was born in June in the year 1983. He is an Australian rower. He got his early education and rowed at both the King’s School in Sydney and Princeton University from which he graduated in 2006. He played in both the 2008 and 2012 Summer Olympics.
The main device (symbol) in the Leming blazon is the cross patonce. The two main tinctures (colors) are ermine and azure.
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67, or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128. The cross patonce is typical of these, whereby each arm of the cross expands and ends in a bud-like projection. These cross variations are probably largely for decorative effect, and to differentiate the arms from similar ones and hence their significance is that of the Christian cross itself.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69|
|2.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39|
|3.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28|
|4.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure|
|5.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|6.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47|
|7.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67|
|8.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128|