Leonard Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Leonard Family Coat of Arms

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Leonard Coat of Arms Meaning

Leonard Name Origin & History

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Leonard Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Leonard blazon are the fesse and fleur-de-lis. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, or and gules .

Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” 1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150.

Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35. Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

The fesse (also found as fess) is one of the major ordinaries to found in heraldry, being a bold, broad, horizontal band across the centre of the shield. It may originally have arisen from the planks of which a wooden shield can be constructed, the centremost plank being painted a different colour 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse. It is instantly recognisable as a symbol, for example the arms of COLEVILLE granted during the reign of Hery III are simply or, a fesse gules. With this clear association with the construction of the shield itself, Wade believes that the fesse can be taken to be associated with the military, as a “girdle of honour”.

The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3. The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul”11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134 and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Leonard Name

Leonard Origin:

France, Ireland, Scotland, England

Origins of Name:

The surname of Leonard is said to originate from Germanic and Irish derivatives. One possible origin of the surname of Leonard is from the Pre 7th Century Old Germanic personal name “Leonhard” and it is composed of two elements. The first element of this personal name is from the Germanic “levon” which can be translated to mean “lion” and the Germanic “hardu” which can be translated to mean “brave” or “hardy.” The surname with Irish derivatives may possibly from the same sources, or as a form of the Gaelic surname O’Leannain. The element of O’ means “descendant of” usually referring to “son of” and “Leannan” is a byname that can be translated to mean “lover”

Variations:

More common variations are:

Leonnard, Leonardi, Leonardo, Leonardt, Leonardy, Leionard, Leonhard, Leonarde, Leonarda, Leaonard, Leonards, Lenard, Lennard

History:

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Leonard was in the country of England in the year 1221. This person, who was one Stephanus Leonardus, who was recorded in the Assize Court Tolls of Worcestershire. This document was ordered and decreed under the reign of King Henry III of England, who ruled from the year 1216 to the year 1272. Other mentions of the surname of Leonard were in the Hundred Rolls of Huntingdonshire as one Agnes Leonard in the year 1272. Those who bear the surname of Leonard in England could be found originally in the county of Huntingdonshire, while today those who carry this surname can be found in Yorkshire and Lancashire counties, as well as the city of London.

Germany:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Leonard in Germany was on Johnannes Leonardi appears in the Charters of the City of Ulm in the year 1479. Those in Germany spell this surname as Leonard and Leonhardt in modern times. Those who bear the surname of Leonard can be found in the city of Ulm in large concentrations.

Scotland:

Those who bear the surname of Leonard can be found in the country of Scotland in high concentrations. The places where there are many people who bear the surname of Leonard are the counties of Lanarkshire, Angus and the Orkney Islands.

United States of America:

During the European Migration, many English immigrants left their homeland in search of a new and prosperous life. A rather large number of these immigrants bore the surname of Leonard, and landed in the United States of America and settled in the states of New York, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Indiana, Michigan, California, Pennsylvania and Iowa. The first person to bear the surname of Leonard and settle in the United States of America was one Solomon Leonard, who landed in the state of Virginia in the year 1633. Soon after, in the year of 1635, both James Leonard and Katherine Leonard also arrived in the state of Virginia. Five years later, in the year 1640, Henry Leonard landed in the state of Massachusetts, and sixty-three years later, in the year 1703, one Cha Leonard arrived in the state of Virginia and settled there to begin a new life.

Leonard Today:

United States 103, 174

Tanzania 58,312

England 12,804

Nigeria 11,615

France 10,029

Canada 9,078

South Africa 7,306

Haiti 6,300

Australia 5,257

Ireland 4,471

Notable People:

Gloria Leonard (1940-2014) who was a pornographic actress from America, and was a board member of the Adult Video Association and its successor, The Free Speech Coalition

Edgar Leonard (1881-1948) who was a gold and bronze Olympic medalist from America for tennis at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games

Mr. Lionel Leonard (died in 1912) who was an American 3rd Class from New York City, New York, who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking

Major-General John William Leonard (1890-1974) who was a Commanding General in the 2nd Armored Division in the year 1946

Richard W. Leonard, who was a Candidate for the U.S. Representative from New Hampshire in the 2nd District in the year 1948, was a Candidate for the primary New Hampshire Governor’s Council in the 4th District in the year 1956, and who was an American Democrat politician

Robert Leonard, who was a Candidate in the primary for the Michigan State Senate 5th District in the year 1978

Robert F. Leonard, who was a Candidate for the Delegate to the Michigan State Constitutional Convention from the 13th Senatorial District in the year 1961, who was also a Candidate for Circuit Judge in Michigan’s 7th District

Leonard Family Gift Ideas

Browse Leonard family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Reg. Ulster's Office). Per fess dancettee ar. and az. a fess gu.
2) (Chevening; allowed at the funeral of Mrs. Leonard, of Knole). Or, on a fess gu. three fleurs-de-lis of the first.
3) Az. three garbs ar.
4) Or, on a fesse az. three fleurs-de-lis ar. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a tiger's head ar.

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References   [ + ]

1. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
2. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77
6. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
8. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse
10. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3
11. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134
12. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489