Llewellyn Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Llewellyn Family Coat of Arms

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Llewellyn Coat of Arms Meaning

Llewellyn Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Lewellyn.

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Llewellyn Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Llewellyn blazon are the lion passant, paly, trefoil and chevronels. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, argent and or .

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. Originally it appeared only in one pose, erect, on one paw, with the others raised 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64 but such was the popularity of this figure, and the need to distinguish arms from each other, that it soon came to be shown in an enormous range of forms 10Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141. The lion passant is an example of these modified form, showing the creature on all fours, as if walking proudly. In common with all reprensentations of the lion it can be taken to be an “emblem of deathless courage”. 11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P61

Play is what is known as a treatment, a regular patterning, usually over the whole background of the shield. The word comes from the pale, the major vertical stripe that appears on some shields, paly is obvious its little cousin, consisting of, typically, 6 or more vertical stripes, alternately coloured 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Paly. The stripes can be any combination of the heraldic tinctures, an early example is that of GURNEY, being simply paly of six, or and argent. Paly can be combined with other effects, such as decorative edges on each stripe, or overlaid with other treatments such as bendy, and these can be very effective and pleasing to the eye 13A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P121.

Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur 14A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262. The trefoil may originally been a representation of a specific plant (perhaps shamrock) but it has been used as a symbol almost since the beginning of heraldry and over time has adopted a stylised aspect. 15A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Trefoil. Guillim believes that it signifies “perpetuity…the just man shall never wither”. 16A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P109

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Llewellyn Name

Llewellyn Origin:

Wales, England, Ireland

Origins of Llewellyn:

The surname of Llewellyn is said to be a surname that developed from a nickname. It is a common element of surnames throughout Europe that many of them originally derived from nicknames, as it was a very common practice in medieval times. In the beginning, nicknames were applied to people who had distinguishing characteristics, such as moral or mental peculiarities, a similar appearance to a bird or animal, a similar disposition to a bird or animal, occupation of an individual, their habits, or their manner of dress. In the case of the surname of Llewellyn, the word itself comes from the Old English and Welsh Pre 7th Century origins, which themselves derive from the Old Celtic element of “llyw” which can be translated to mean “the leader,” and the addition of the element of “eilun” which can be translated to mean “in the likeness of.” In the case of the surname of Llewellyn, those who originally bore this surname were said to resemble a lion. Researchers debate whether or not “llyw” means lion or leader, but the lion is regarded as the king of the beasts, meaning that the original bearer of this nickname was most likely a leader of some kind.

Variations:

More common variations are: Llewellin, Llewellen, Llewelling, Lewellen, Llewhellyan, Llewhellyn

History:

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Llewellyn can be traced to the country of England. One person by the name of Tudor ap Lleyelyn, who was mentioned and recorded in the document known as the Extent of Chirkland in the year of 1391. This document was ordered, decreed, and written under the reign of one King Richard II of England, who was known throughout the ages, and commonly referred to as one “Richard of Bordeaux.” King Richard II of England ruled from the year of 1377 to the year of 1399. Other mentions of the surname of Llewellyn within the country of England include one Roger Lewelin of Chirk who was recorded as residing in the area of Shropshire in the year of 1255, and one David Llewellyn, who was the son of Morris Llewellyn, who was baptized in St. Botolph’s church in London in the year of 1621.

United States of America:

During the 17th and 18th centuries, the population of the United States of America grew through the large movement of people known as the European Migration. The European Migration was the movement of people from Europe to the United States, oftentimes because these people were displeased with the state of the government in the country of their birth. Among those who migrated to the United States of America was one Morris Llewellyn, who arrived in the state of Pennsylvania in the year of 1693, making them the first person within the United States who was recorded to bear the surname of Llewellyn.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Llewellyn: United States 7,439; England 6,534; Wales 3,861; South Africa 1,845; Australia 1,523; Canada 1,183; Jamaica 767; Scotland 374; Germany 370; France 367; Philippines 258; Chile 198

Notable People:

Brigadier-General Fred Warde Llewellyn (1878-1955) who served as an Assistant Judge Advocate-General of the Army from the year of 1941 to the year of 1943, and who was also from America.

John Anthony Llewellyn (born in 1933) who was a scientist and former NASA astronaut from America.

Samuel Llewellyn (1841-1915) who was a Prohibition Candidate for the U.S. Representative from the state of Ohio in the 10th District in the year of 1906, and who was a politician from America.

Percy Llewellyn, who served as a Delegate to the Democratic National Convention from the state of Michigan in the year of 1940, who served as a Progressive Candidate for the Michigan State Senate in the 21st District in the year of 1948, and who was a politician from America.

Mildred M. Llewellyn, who served as an Alternate Delegate to the Republican National Convention from the state of California in the year of 1944, and who was a politician from America.

Lee Llewellyn, who served as the Burgess of Dormont, Pennsylvania in the year of 1937, and who was a politician from America.

Llewellyn Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Ap Griffith: (Prince of North Wales, derived from Griffith ap Cynan, King of North Wales [see that name]. Llewellyn, who was slain 10 Dec. 1282, by the forces of Edward I. m. 3 Oct. 1278, Eleanor, dau. of Simon De Montford, Earl of Leicester, by Eleanor, second dau. of King John, and left an only dau. and heiress, Catherine, mother, by her husband, Philip ap Ivor, Lord of Iscoed, in Cardigan, of a dau. and heiress, Eleanor, who m. Thomas ap Llewellyn, last Lord of South Wales, and had two daus. and co-heirs: 1) Eleanor, m. Griffith Vaughan, Lord of Glyndwrdwy, co. Merioneth; 2) Margaret, m. Sir Tudor ap Grono, Knt., and had a son, Meredith ap Tudor, father of Owen Tudor, progenitor of Henry Vll. and the Royal House of Tudor). Ap Madoc: (Baron of Cryniarth-yn-Edeirnion, co. Merioneth, Bishop of St. Asaph, 3 Edward 111. (1357); derived from Ellis, hving 22 Edward L (1284), second son of Iorwerth, Lord of Half-Edeirnion, ancestor of the Hughes's, of Gwerclas, Barons of Kymmer-yn-Edeirnion. Llewlyn ap Madoc d. in 1335, leaving seven sisters and co-heirs, viz., 1) Lleiki, m. Grono Llwyd-y-Penwyn, of Melai, in Denbighland; 2) Anghabad, of Vaerdre, m. Madoc ap Griffith, Vir Goch of Newedd wen-yn-Llandderfel; 3) Efa, m. Griffith ap Llewellyn, of Cors-y-Gedol, co. Merioneth; 4)Myfanwy, m. Ievan Vychan, styled Y Crach, of Llanwydelyn; 5) Margaret, m. Ithel ap Gwebgened Vychan, of Rhiwaedog, co. Merioneth; 6) Nest, m. Ievan ap Y Moelwrch; 7) Mali, vi. Llewelyn AP Madoc, of Vaerdre in Edeirnion). Arms, those of the principality of North Wales, viz., quarterly, or and gu. four lions pass. guard. counterchanged.
2) ap Ynyr: (Lord of Yale, in Denbighland, second son of Howel ap Moriddio ap Sandde Hardd, Lord of Mostyn, in Denbighland. Llewelyn greatly distinguished himself at the battle of Corwen, and his valour was rewarded by his Prince, Gryffyd ap Madoc, Lord of Dinas Bran, under the following circumstances. While conversing with the Prince after the fight, Llewelyn accidentally drew his left hand, smeared with blood, across his sword, leaving four blood-stains upon it, which the Prince observing, ordered him to bear those marks henceforth on his shield, at the same time conferring upon him, as a substantial recognition of his services, the lordship of Gelligynan. The grant is dated in Yale, on the vigil of St. Egidius (probably Eligius, as remarked by Sir Sam. Meyrick in his edition of Dunn’s Visitations," the festival falling on December 1) in the year 1256. Descendants: 1) Lloyds, of Yale, Trowyn and Voelvodig, and three branches, Lloyd, of Bodidris, in Yale, bart., now extinct in the male line; Lloyd, of Gloster, King’s co., extinct in the male line; the last of this line, Col. Hardress Lloyd, d. unm., and is now represented by Vaughan, of Golden Grove; 2) Ellises, of Brondeg and Groes Newydd). [Authorities: Reynold's “Display of the Heraldry of North Wales, 1739,’’ Pennant's “ Tour in Wales,” vol. 1, p. 406, &c. The first edition of the Armory makes the battle that of Crogen, but Reynolds says it was Corwen: and it is simply impossible it could have been Crogen, which was fought nearly a century before the grant made to Llewelyn. Besides, Llewelyn was certainly contemporary with Gryffyd, Lord of Dinas Bran, whose grandfather, Gryffyd Maelor, a distinguished chief, took part, along with Owen Brogyntyn, at the battle of Crogen, and died 30 years later, in 1191, the date of Crogen being 1165.] Paly of eight ar. and gu; some authorities say or, instead of ar.
3) Voelgrwn: (Main, in North Wales. Descendants: 1) Matthews, of Trefanney; 2)Parry, of Main; 3) Griffiths, of Main, 4) Morrice, of Bryn y Gwalie; 4) Davies, of Peniarth). Ar. a lion pass. sa. a bordure indented gu.
4) Aurdorchog: (Golden Torques, in Yale). Az. a lion pass. or.
5) (Edward Turberville Llewellyn, Esq.) Motto—Vincit qui patitur. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gu. three chev. ar.; 2nd and 3rd, Turberville, chequy or and gu. a fesse erm. Crest—A lamb bearing a banner charged with a cross of St. George, a glory round the head.
6) (King of Powys). Or, a lion ramp. gu.
7) (Peterstone-super-Ely-Coedriglan, and Stoekland, co. Glamorgan). Gu. three chev. ar. Crest—A lamb bearing a banner charged with a cross of St. George, a glory round the head.
8) (Dillwyn-Llewellyn, Penllergare, co. Glamorgan). Motto—Craignez honte. Gu. on a chev. ar. three trefoils slipped of the first. Crest—A stag’s head couped ppr.
9) Per pale or and ar. three lions pass. in pale gu. Crest—A pheon ppr.
10) Per pale or and ar. three lions pass. in pale gu. Crest—A pheon ppr.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
3. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
7. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
9. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64
10. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141
11. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P61
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Paly
13. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P121
14. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262
15. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Trefoil
16. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P109