Origin, Meaning, Family History and Lock Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Lock:
This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin and has three distinct possible sources. Firstly, it may be a metonymic occupational name for a locksmith, from the Olde English pre 7th Century “loc”, lock, fastening. The name may also be geographical from house near an enclosure, a place that could be locked, from the Middle English “loke”, a improvement of the Olde English “loca” The Middle English “loke” was used especially of a barrier on a river, which could be opened and closed at will, and, by extensions, of a bridge.
More common variations are: Locke, Locky, Loack, Louck, Leock, Loock, Locko, Loeck, Wlock, Loick.
The surname Lock first appeared in Peeblesshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd nam Puballan), earlier district in South-central Scotland, in the present day Scottish Borders Council Area.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Leuric Loc, dated 1130, in the “Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire”. It was during the reign of King Henry 1st, who was known as “The Lion of Justice” dated 1100-1135. Surname all over the country became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Lock had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Lock landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Lock who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included John Lock, who landed in Virginia in 1628. William Lock, who settled in New England in 1634. William Lock, who settled in Barbados in 1635. Tho Lock, who arrived in Virginia in 1635. William Lock, aged 21, landed in Barbados in 1635.
People with the surname Cripps who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Jarvis Lock, who arrived in Virginia in 1702. Richard Lock, who landed in Bermuda in 1743.
The following century saw much more Lock surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Lock who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Maria Lock, who arrived in New York, NY in 1850. David Lock, who landed in New York, NY in 1850. Fritz Lock, who landed in New York, NY in 1850. Thomas Lock, aged 28, landed in New York in 1854. William H Lock, who arrived in Mississippi in 1876.
The following century saw much more Lock surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Lock who arrived in the Canada in the 19th century included Francis Lock, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749-1752.
Some of the individuals with the surname Lock who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Daniel Lock “alias Thurston”, English prisoner from Isle of Ely, who moved aboard the “Ann” in August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia. John Lock “alias Thurston”, English criminal from Island of Ely, who shifted aboard the “Ann” in August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia. William Lock “alias Thurston”, English convict from Isle of Ely, who moved aboard the “Ann” in August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia. George Lock, English convict from Middlesex, who moved aboard the “Asia” in October 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia. Matthew Lock, English prisoner from Middlesex, who moved aboard the “Albion” in September 1826, settling in New South Wales, Australia.
Some of the population with the surname Lock who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Samuel Lock arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Cashmere” in 1853. S. Lock arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Cashmere” in 1853. Julia Lock arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Bombay” in 1865. Joseph Lock arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Schiehallion” in 1872. William Lock arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the shi “Berar” in 1873.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Lock:
England 10,674; United States 8,318; Australia 3,760; South Africa 3,160; Malaysia 2,808; Germany 1,849; Canada 1,828; Peru 1,425; Cameroon 1,090; Wales 914.
Bob Lock (born 1949), is a Welsh science fiction and fantasy author.
Charles Lock (1770–1804), was a British consul-general in Naples who quarreled with Admiral Horatio Nelson regarding the latter’s military actions.
Lock Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Lock blazon are the falcon, cushion, per fess and roundle. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, or and gules .
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name . The falcon is a bird long associated with hunting and we need look no further than a liking for this pursuit for its presence on many early coats of arms. We also find many of the accessories used in falconry depicted on arms, and a surprising number of terms from the art of falconry have found use in modern English idioms and the interested reader is recommended to search out the origins of the phrases hoodwinked and “cadging” a lift.
Although we expect to find fierce creatures and fearsome weapons depicted in a coat of arms this is not always the case – sometimes simple household objects are used . The Cushion is a typical example of this. Sometimes these objects were chosen for the familiarity they would have for the obsever, helping them identify the owner, and sometimes they were used because of some association with the owner, or a similarity to the family name. The cushion is typically decpicted as square, with a tassle at each corner and may also have some other device upon them.
The background of the shield can be divided into two potrtions in a variety of ways, and each portion coloured in a different fashion. In European Heraldry there is a tendency to use these areas to combine two different coats of arms, but in British and Scottish heraldry the preference is to treat the divided field as a single decorative element with other features placed as normal. Whatever tradition is followed, one of the most common divisions is per fesse, a simple separation along a horizontal line. . Not quite as common as the alternative vertical partioning, per pale it still presents a pleasing aspect .