Lockey Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Lockey Family Coat of Arms

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Lockey Coat of Arms Meaning

Lockey Name Origin & History

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Lockey Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Lockey blazon are the water bouget, cinquefoil, ostrich and key. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, azure and argent .

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

A wide variety of inanimate objects 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281 appear in coats of arms, so of them still recognisable today, others now rather obscure. The images used are often simplified and stylised, the water bouget is a typical case of the later, such that the casual observer would be hard pressed to discern its function. It represents in fact a yoke with two skins attached to be worn over the shoulder and has been found in coats of arms almost from the beginning of the art. 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Water Bouget. Somewhat literally, Wade suggests that their appearance on arms may have been due to a holder who had “brought water to an army or beseiged place”. 10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P114

Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262. The cinquefoil is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It is shown as five-petalled flower, each petal quite rounded but with a distinct tip. It is sometimes pierced with a hole in the centre and usually appears on its own, without any leaves. 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cinquefoil It has no fixed colour but can appear in any of the available heraldic tinctures.

The feather, especially that of the ostrich appears with great regularity in the crests of a full achievement of arms, typically in the shape of a plume. Wade associates this device with “willing obedience and serenity of mind”. 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P74 They are much less common on the shield itself, unless part of an arrow, which may be feathered of a different colour, or a quill pen. 14A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Feathers

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Lockey Name

Locke Origin:

England, Germany

Origins of Name:

The Locke surname derives from possibly three very different sources. First, it could originate from the Old English word “loc” meaning lock and used as an occupational surname for a locksmith. Second, it could be a geographical surname used for someone who lived near an enclosure or a place that could be locked. These definitions derived from the Old English word “loca” and later the Middle English word “loke”. Loke was commonly used to describe a river barrier, one that could be open or closed and consisted of a bridge. Third, the surname could have been used as a nickname to describe someone with curly hair. The Old English word “loc” and the Old High German word “loc” meant a lock of hair.

Variations:

More common variations are: Loch, Lock, Locke, Lochlair, Locklair

History:

England:

The first known recorded instance of the name is of Leuric Loc in 1130 in Warwickshire in the Pipe Rolls.

The surname Locke is the 1077th most common name in Great Britain. The highest concentrations are in Denbighshire, West Sussex, Norfolk, Cheshire, Surrey, and Kent.

William de Lok in 1230 was recorded in Berkshire, William Lock in 1273 was recorded in Oxfordshire, and Rober Atteloke was recorded in 1300 in Cambridgeshire.

The first known church recordings of the surname are in London Church Registers for the christening of Joan Lock at St Giles Cripplegate in 1568. Robert Lock was recorded in 1572 for the marriage between him and Mary Baker at St Dunstan’s Stepney.

William Lock left London for the New World aboard the “Planter” in 1634 sailing for the Virginia colony.

Ireland:

The Locke surname is an Anglicized version of the Irish surname O Lochlainn. Domnall Ua Lochlainn was high King of Ireland in the 11th century. 100 years later, Muirchertach Mac Lochlainn would become Hih King of Ireland.

Colm O Lochlainn born in 1892 was a famous Irish printer and collector of Irish ballads.

Scotland:

The family held an ancient manor in Peeblesshire, a former county in Southern Scotland. The name appeared in very early census rolls for taxation purposes.

Wales

The Lock surname in Wales originates from a band of gypsies. One possibility is they acquired their name because the family was adept at picking the locks of farmers to graze their horses.

United States:

In 1621, Robart Locke landed in Virginnia. 2 years later Robert Locke, no relation, arrived in Virginia as well. Another Locke, William Locke, arrived in America in 1634, but it is unknown where he would go on to settle. His son WM Locke at the age of 6 arrived with him. In 1644, in New Hampshire, John Locke arrived from England

The 18th century would see more Locke’s arrive from Europe. Febee Locke arrived in Virginia in 1703. In 1739, Peter Locke arrived in Pennsylvania.

In 1830, Lydia Locke at the age of 7 landed in Kennebunk, Me. That same year Jacob Locke arrived in Maine as well.

The Locke surname today is mainly found in Florida, Tennessee, Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, Washington, and Oregon.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Locke:

32,000 in the United States, 6,000 in England, 4,000 in Canada, 2,000 in Australia, 2,000 in South Africa

Notable People:

Alain LeRoy Locke (1885), African American writer, philosopher, and educator. He was the first Rhodes Scholar in 1907. He was known as the “Dean” of the Harlem Renaissance. He graduated from Harvard University and received the prestigious Bowdoin Prize.

Dean Jewett Locke (1823), doctor, founder of Lockeford, California. He was a student at Harvard medical school and eventually founded the town that would become his namesake. He left Harvard medical school to join the gold rush trip to California.

John Locke (1632 – 1734), English philosopher. He is widely known to be regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers, and the “father of liberalism”.

John Locke (1764), member of the U.S. House of Representatives. He was born in Hopkinton, and eventually graduated from Harvard in 1792. He was admitted to the bar in Mass. In 1796.

John Locke (1847 – 1889), Irish poet. He was most famous for writing “Dawn on the Irish Coast” also known as “The Exiles Return, or Morning on the Irish coast”.

Joseph Locke (1805), English civil engineer. He was known for the numerous railroad projects he was a part of. He is widely regarded as one of the major pioneers of railroad development.

Lewis Locke (1835), American Civil War Medal of Honor recipient.

Lockey Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Homes, co. Hertford, cos. Essex, Hereford, and York). Ar. a bend betw. two water bougets sa. Crest—An ostrich’s head couped at the neck ar. holding in the beak a key sa.
2) Ar. a chev. betw. three cinquefoils az.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
4. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
8. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Water Bouget
10. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P114
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cinquefoil
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P74
14. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Feathers