Loxton Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Loxton Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Loxton:
This name is of Anglo-Saxon origin and is an English locational surname from a place in Somersetshire called Loxton. Listed differently as “Locheston” in the Domesday Book of 1086, as “Lokestone” in the Red Book of the Exchequer (1212) and as “Loxton” in the 1259 Fine Court Rolls of that division, the name means “settlement (Olde English pre 7th Century “tun”, a settlement) on the Lox Yeo River”. The component elements of the river name are the West Saxon “leax,” (Old High German “la(c)hs”), a salmon, and “yeo,” a South-Western form of the Olde English “ea,” which means a river or stream. The surname was well listed in Southern English Parish Records from the mid-16th Century. In August 1598, William, son of John Loxston, named in Emborrow, Somersetshire, and in November 1607, Robert Loxton and Mary George married in West Bradley, Somerset. The christening of Jone, daughter of Ralfe Loxton, took place in St. Mary Steps, Exeter, Devonshire, in May 1666.
More common variations are: Loxtone, Lxton, Luxton, Laxton, Lexton, Lixton, Loxtin, Laxtone, Longston, Lauxton.
The surname Loxton first appeared in the North Riding of Yorkshire at Lockton, a small hamlet and local church in the Ryedale district that records back to the Domesday Book where it was recorded as Locheton, part of the King’s land and the under-tenant from whom this family name conjecturally declined remains a secret but was perhaps one of the King’s favorites.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of John Loxton, dated about 1564, in the “St.Stephen’s,” Coleman Street, London. It was during the time of Queen Elizabeth I who was known to be the “Good Queen Bess,” dated 1558- 1603. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Loxton had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Some of the individuals with the surname Loxton who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Albert R. Loxton arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship “Elgin.” Albert Richard Loxton came in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Elgin” in 1849. Elizabeth Grace Loxton at the age of 23, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Elgin” in 1849. Alfred Loxton at the age of 2, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Elgin” in 1849. William Charles Loxton arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Elgin” in the same year 1849.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Loxton: South Africa 3,087; England 989; Australia 748; United States 262; Namibia 244; Canada 229; Wales 147; Scotland 46; New Zealand 45; United Arab Emirates 31.
Bill Loxton was a Battle of Britain fighter pilot.
Daniel Loxton was an editor of Junior Skeptic magazine.
John Harold Loxton was an Australian mathematician.
Sam Loxton was an Australian cricket player, and soccer player.
Loxton Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Loxton blazon are the griffin’s head and chevron. The two main tinctures (colors) are guttee dor and argent.
The gutte or goutte is an elongated tear-drop shape with wavy sides and usually appears in large number spread evenly across the field. 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Gouttes Some frequently do they occur that special names have arisen for the various colours, guttee d’or or gutte aure being or (gold) for who would not delight in a field strewn with drops of gold!
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? As heraldry developed a whole menagerie of imagined creatures 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P164 came into being, and their various representations became more or less standardised in form and appearance. The griffin is perhaps the most common of these creatures, being a chimera with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Griffin. It is most often in the pose known as rampant segreant, on its hind legs with claws and wings extended. Vinycomb has much to say on the subject of the griffin, perhaps summarised in his belief that it represents “strength and vigilance”.]6Fictitious & Symbolic Creatures…in British Heraldry, J. Vinycomb, Chapman & Hall, London, 1906, P150
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 7A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various), or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.8The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.