Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Maddox Name
English, Irish, Welsh
Origins of Name:
The surname of Maddox has derivative roots in the Welsh given name of Mattoc, from “mad” which means “fortunate” or “good.” This still survives in the personal name Madog today. The Maddox name and all of the possible spelling variants have been granted over fifteen Coats of Arms.
More common variations are:
Maddoxx, Maddoxe, Moddoxa, Maeddox, Maaddox, Madox, Maddx, Mddox, Maddix, Muddox
The first recorded spelling of the surname Maddox was noted as one William Madoc, who was named in the “Hundred Rolls of Shropshire” in the year 1274, under the reign of King Edward I, who is known as “The Hammer of the Scots” and ruled from the year 1272 to the year 1307. In England, those who bear the surname Maddox are concentrated in the Counties of Lancashire, Staffordshire, Shropshire, and the city of London. In the Doomsday Book of 1086 for Gloucestershire (which encompassed the “Great Survey of England”) Madoch was noted, and Kenwrec filifus Maddoc and Madoc de Sotton both appear in the Pipe Rolls of Shropshire in 1161 and 1272, respectively. Robert Mattok was noted in Cheshire in 1290, followed by Robert Madduk, who was recorded in Wiltshire in 1297.
Wales and Scotland:
Throughout Wales, there are many people who bear the surname of Maddox, though many of them are concentrated in the southern parts of the country, especially in the area of Glamorgan. In Scotland, the only region with a notable amount of people who bear the surname of Maddox is in Midlothian county. It is believed that Madog who lived from the year 1150 and died in the year 1180 and who was the son of Owain Gwynedd, the King of North Wales, discovered America. This is a much disputed fact, but still believed by some today.
Joseph Maddocks arrived in Dublin in the 1690s who was originally from Chester. His son, Isaac Maddocks would migrate to county Wexford. A large number of Maddocks from this town would eventually leave for the United States and Canada during the 19th century.
Many families emigrated to the United States of America in search of a better life during the European Migration. These families were looking for a better, more sustainable way of life, and hoped to find this in the promised New World. Those who immigrated with the surname of Maddox, who were recorded often settled in the states of Georgia, Virginia, Alabama, Kentucky, and eventually spread out West, and into Texas, Missouri, Illinois, California, and Oklahoma. The first recorded person to emigrate to America and bore the surname Maddox was John Maddox, who at the age of 43 years, boarded the ship named the “Planter” which was set to sail from London to New England in March of the year 1634. Shortly behind him was Alexander Maddox, who at 22 years of age boarded the “Abraham” which was set to sail to Virginia in the year 1635.
Australia and New Zealand:
In the 19th Century, settlers began to migrate to both Australia and New Zealand. The first recorded Maddox to arrive in Australia was Dennis Maddox, who was a convict from London, and was transported on the “Albion” in 1828, and landing in New South Wales, Australia. The first Maddox to settle in New Zealand was a servant, aged 16 years, and named Sarah Maddox who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship named the “Bolton” in the year 1840. Shortly following was the Maddox family, consisting of Thomas and Ann Maddox who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842.
United States 40,684
South Africa 274
New Zealand 244
Brigadier-General Louis Wilson Maddox (1891-1956) who was a Chief Finance Officer of the US Army Forces in the Far East from 1943 to 1945
Major-General Halley Grey Maddox (1899-1977) who was a Deputy Commanding General in the US Forces Army in Europe from 1956 to 1957
William A. T. Maddox (1814-1889) who was a U.S. Marine, and had the USS Maddox (DD-168), the USS Maddox (DD-622) and the USS Maddox (DD-731) named after him
Thomas “Tommy” Alfred Maddox (born in 1971) who was an NFL football player from America
Tom Maddox, who was a science fiction author from America
Scott Maddox (born in 1968) who was the Mayor of Tallahassee, Florida, and was an American politician
Theodore D. “Tito” Maddox (born in 1981) who was a professional NBA basketball player from America
Rose Maddox (1925-1998) who was a country singer that was nominated for an American Grammy Award, and was born with the name Roselea A. Brogdon
Robert Maddox (1870-1965) was the 41st Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, and was an American politician
Maddox Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Maddox blazon are the lion, dagger and tiger. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, azure and gules .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.
The dagger, a very personal weapon occurs frequently in coats of arms, and its appearance is sometimes described in great detail. It is known by many different names, including dirk, skein and poignard.
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? The tiger is an interesting example here being named after a real animal but depicted in rather and mythical appearance. Later arms came to use a more lifelike appearance and the usage of heraldic tiger and natual tiger arose to make the distinction. Wade tells us that the mythical bearing of such a creature signifies “great fierceness and valour when enraged” and suggests that we should be wary as the holder may be “one whosee resentment will be dangerous if aroused”!