Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (Papworth, co. Cambridge, and Kirkbie-Mallorie, co. Leicester). Or, a lion ramp. gu.
2) (Studley, co. York; Sir William Mallory, knighted at Oxford, 1642). Or, a lion ramp. gu. collared ar. Crest—A nag’s head couped gu.
3) (Mobberley, co. Chester, temp. James I.; granted 1663; descended from Rev. Thomas Mallory, Dean of Chester, a younger son of Sir William Mallory, Knt., of Studley. Rev. John Holdsworth Mallory, Rector of Mobberley, left an only dau. and heiress, Julia, to. Rev. George Leigh, who assumed the surname of Mallory). Same Arms and Crest, a canton az.
4) (Sir William Mallory, Knt., of Kirkby-Mallory, co. Leicester, temp. Henry III.; Mary, dau. and co-heir of his great-grandson, Sir Antikell Mallory (d. 17 Richard II., a.d. 1393), to Sir Robert Moton, Knt., of Pickleton, same co. Visit. Leicester, 1619). Or, a lion ramp. gu. double queued.
5) (Walton, co. Leicester; Thomas Mallory, Lord of Walton, temp. Henry II., Har. MSS., 1400. Visit. Notts, 1569; his granddaughter and co-heir to. John Fenton, Esq. of Fenton, same co.). Or, a lion ramp. gu. collared ar.
6) (Sir Richard Mallory, Lord Mayor of London, temp. Queen Elizabeth; his eldest dau. and co-heir m. Robert Sharpe, of London, merchant. Visit. Devon, 1620). Or, a lion ramp. gu. collared ar. a crescent for diff.
7) (Woodford, co. Northampton). Or, a lion ramp. double queued gu. collared ar. on the shoulder a fleur-de-lis of the first. Crest—A nag’s head gu. crined or, charged with a fleur-de-lis of the last.
8) (co. Northampton). Purp. a lion ramp. or, collared gu. Crest—A nag’s head or.
9) (Wooderson, co. York). Sa. three greyhounds courant ar. collared gu.
10) Or, three lions ramp. sa. a bordure engr. az.
11) Gu. two bars ar. in chief three mullets pierced of the second.
12) (co. Cork; Fun. Ent. Ulster’s Office, 1625, Richard Mallory, son of Anthony Mallory). Or, a demi lion ramp. gu. charged on the shoulder with a crescent ar. thereon a mullet sa.
13) (co. Warwick; confirmed by the Deputies of Camden, Clarenceux, to Robert Mallorey , fifth in dcscent from Sir Gilbert Mallorey, Knt. Visit. Warwick). Erm. a chev. gu. a border engr. sa.
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Mallory Name
The name Mallory is of Anglo-Saxon/Norman origin. Mallory is derived from the medieval French word, malhuere which translates to regrettably no more.
Surnames in Britain prior to the Norman conquest were largely unheard of. In the small settlements and villages which existed during earlier times, residents found little need for surnames as everyone in these communities knew each other and a given name would usually suffice. However, with the passage of time, population growth and expansions of communities as villages gave way to towns and cities, it became necessary to add a qualifier to a people’s names to distinguish them, one from another. Therefore one person may have been identified by their given name plus their occupation while another may have been identified by their given name and one of their parent’s names. The introduction of surnames by the Norman aristocracy after the invasion seemed to be the next logical step in this evolution. There was a boundless supply from which surnames could be formed, in addition to the use of patriarchal/matriarchal names or reference to the individuals occupation, there were things such as defining physical traits, a familiar geographical location or a topographical landmark found near the individuals home or birthplace, the name of the village in which the person lived, and so much more. Soon, surnames would come not just to represent an individual but whole families.
There often exists variations in spelling of many surnames, as with many given names which date back to the early centuries. The variation in spelling of both given and surnames during this time period can be attributed to a lack of continuity regarding guidelines for spelling which was compounded by the diversity of languages in use in European countries at this time. The variations in the spelling of the surname Mallory include but not limited to; Mallory; Mellory; Mallorie; Mallary; Mallery; Malorie; and Mallorey among others.
The earliest record of any variation of this surname is that of Richard Mallore which appears in the Warwickshire tax rolls from 1125. These rolls, were a series of census and tax records kept by the English Treasury by order of King Henry II, with the oldest dating back to the 12th century. They hold the distinction of being the oldest consecutive set of records detailing English governance in the United Kingdom. These records span a period of over 700 years and have proven invaluable to researches over the years. Additionally, records show Sir Anketil Malory, was governor of Leicester. Malory was a Knight and maintain his residence at Kirkby Manor. The town of Kirkby Mallory in Leicester is named for the Mallory family.
The first recorded immigrant to America bearing the surname or any variation of the spelling was Captain Roger Mallory who arrived in 1643 and settled in Virginia. Peter Mallory landed and settled in New Haven, Connecticut in 1644. Thomas Mallory arrived and settled in Virginia in 1660 and Phillip Mallory arrived and settled in Virginia in 1661.
There were also many immigrants to the British Common Wealth country of Canada Mallory. Brothers, Enoch and Jeremiah Mallory landed in 1784 and settled in Canada. John Mallory in 1784 and settled in New Brunswick, Canada and Nathaniel Mallory landed in 1784 and settled in Canada.
Worldwide, the highest concentration of people with the surname Mallory are found in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Belgium . By state, the largest percentile of those with the surname Mallory live in Idaho, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Virginia.
There are many persons of note who bear the surname Mallory. The Mallory family is one of the oldest most noble families of Britain dating back to at least the 10th century. The family seat was located in the town which was named for them, Kirkby Mallory and still bears the name today.
Other notable persons named Mallory include, Thomas Mallory was born in England in 1415. He is credited with writing Le Morte, d’Arthur, a book that gathered all the stories and legends about King Arthur, Guinevere, and Lancelot and probably the best known. His writings have been a source of inspiration and information for later Arthurian writers, such as Tennyson and T. H. White. Mallory was also a member of Parliament and a knight.
Philip Mallory who was born in America, the son of a successful shipping magnate, Charles Mallory. Philip Mallory was a successful businessman in his own right when he founded his own company, P. R. Mallory Company. The company eventually evolved into The Mallory Battery Company which we know today as Duracell International.
Mallory Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Mallory blazon are the lion, nag, greyhound and muller. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and gules.
Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” . Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun . In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ .
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? Nevertheless, real animals are perhaps one of the most common sights on coats of arms, especially animals of European origin. The horse Is a typical example of these.
Unlike many of the creatures to be found in heraldry, the Greyhound is shown in a very natural aspect and lifelike poses. It is probably the most common member of the dog family to be found in arms , and Wade suggests that we see in its appearance the suggestion of“courage, vigilance and loyal fidelity”.