Mandeville Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Mandeville Family Coat of Arms

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Mandeville Coat of Arms Meaning

Mandeville Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Mandevile.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Mandeville. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Mandeville Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Mandeville blazon are the wolf, fret, trefoil and escarbuncle. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, azure and gules .

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 2A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” 4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150.

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154

The wolf was the symbol of Rome long before the advent of heraldry, and before that was sacred to the ancient Egyptians. 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P31 In heraldry it is probably more often just as head than the whole animal, but when whole it can be in many different poses. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Wolf It is found from the earliest instances of arms, but quite often due to a derivative of its French name, loup sharing the initial sound of many family names like LOWE and LOVATT.

The fret is a striking charge, often occupying the whole of the field and being two instersecting diagonal lines interlaced with the outline of a square. 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fret It is believed to be derived from the image of a fishing net, which it does indeed resemble, and hence Wade believes that it should signify persuasion, although other writers regard it separately as the “the heraldic true lovers knot” 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P118

Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur 13A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262. The trefoil may originally been a representation of a specific plant (perhaps shamrock) but it has been used as a symbol almost since the beginning of heraldry and over time has adopted a stylised aspect. 14A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Trefoil. Guillim believes that it signifies “perpetuity…the just man shall never wither”. 15A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P109

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Mandeville Name

Mandeville Origin:

France

Origins of Mandeville:

This name, with different spellings Manneville, Manville, Manvell, and Manwell, is of French geographical origin either from Manneville (seine-inferieur), Manneville (Calvados), Manneville-sur- Risle (Eure), or Magneville (La Manche). The first three places called from the Germanic particular byname Manno mentioning a (firm) man, and the Old French “Ville,” settlement, Dale and the last donated place so called from the Old French word “magne, ehich means great, and “ville,” a Valley. One, Geoffrey de Mandeville, created Earl of Essex in 1141, came from Seine Inferieur, and the Mandevilles of Earl’s Stoke and Devon hailed from Magneville (La Manche). One, William de Manevell listed in 1210, “Curia Regis Rolls of Berkshire” and a William de Manewell in the 1296 “Premium Rolls of Sussex.” In February 1671, James Manvill and Grissild Sherior married in Kirdford, Sussex, and in April 1701, Thomas Manvell, a new-born, named in St. Dunstan’s, Stepney, London.

Variations:

More common variations are: Mandevill, Mandville, Manndeveille, Mandevlle, Mandevile, Mandiville, Mandaville, Mendeville, Mondeville, Mandevelle.

England:

The surname Mandeville first found in Wiltshire where they anciently gave estates by William Duke of Normandy for their help at the invasion of Hastings in 1066 AD. Geoffrey de Mandeville (c.1100) was an outstanding Domesday tenant-in-chief. He donated large estates in Essex, and in ten other counties by William, and was Constable of the Tower of London. They were given no less than 118 Lordships after the invasion.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Goisfridus de Magna Uilla, dated about 1086, in the “Domesday Book of Essex.” It was during the time of King William 1st who was known to be the “The Conqueror,” dated 1066-1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.

Ireland:

Many of the people with name Mandeville had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Mandeville settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Mandeville who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Gillis Mandeville and Gillis Mandeville; both settled in New York in the same year 1659.

Some of the people with the surname Mandeville who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Mary Mandeville settled in Maryland in 1738 and Miss Mandeville settled in Barbados in the year 1774.

The following century saw more Mandeville surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Mandeville who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Alexander Mandeville, who landed in Mississippi in the year 1844. James Mandeville arrived in Missouri in the year 1848.

Canada:

Some of the people with the name Mandeville who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Mr. Richard Mandeville U.E. and Sgt. Richard Mandeville U.E., both settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario near the year 1784, they gave services in the Royal Rangers of New York.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Mandeville: United States 3,505; Canada 872; England 441; France 306; Belgium 163; Wales 45; Barbados 39; Scotland 39; Australia 26; Netherlands 22.

Notable People:

Geoffrey de Mandeville (11th century) (died c. 1100), was a Constable of the Tower of London.

William de Mandeville (died before 1130), was an Anglo-Norman landowner and Constable of the Tower of London.

Bernard Mandeville (1670–1733), was a Dutch-English scholar, political economist and humorist.

Chris Mandeville (born 1965), is an American football defensive back.

Fred Mandeville (born 1922), is a Canadian politician.

Gay Mandeville (born 1894), was a priest of Barbados.

John Mandeville (priest) (1655-1725), was an administrator of Peterborough, England.

Liz Mandeville was an American singer.

Mandeville Family Gift Ideas

Browse Mandeville family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (co. Essex). Az. three wolves pass. or.
2) (co. Warwick). Or, a fret az. (another, tinctures reversed).
3) (co. Wilts). Quarterly, vert and gu. a fesse wavy betw. three trefoils counterchanged.
4) Quarterly, vair and gu. Crest—Two dexter hands conjoined supporting a scymitar in pale all ppr.
5) Vaire ar. and gu.
6) Gyronny of eight gu. and ar. an escarbuncle sa.
7) Or, on a chief indented gu. three trefoils ar.
8) Vert three wolves pass, in pale or.
9) (Reg. Ulster’s Office). Or, two bars sa.
10) (Clonmel, co. Tipperary; confirmed, 1759, as the arms of Theobald Mandevile Esq., of Clonmel, whose dau. and heiress, Mary, m. Piers Butler, son of Edmund Butler, Esq., of Edmundsbury, Queen’s co., of the house of Galmoye). Quarterly, or and gu. an escarbuncle sa.
11) (Earl of Essex; Geoffrey de Mandeville was so created by special charter of King Stephen; his descendant, William de Mandeville, sixth Earl of Essex, d. s. p. 1227, when the earldom passed, through his sister, Maud, wife of Robert de Bohun, Earl of Hertford, to that family). (second Earl of Esrex, temp. King John). Quarterly, or and gu.
12) (fifth Earl of Essex). Quarterly, or and gu. a bordure vair.
13) (Earl of Essex). Per pale or and gu. the regalia sa.
14) (co. Dorset). Gu. three lions pass. in pale ar. over all a bendlet az.
15) (Nottley, co. Essex). (co. Bucks). Ar. on a chief indented gu. three martlets or.
16) Gu. an escarbuncle nowed and flowered or.
17) (granted to Very Rev. Charles Mandeville, D.D., Dean of Peterborough, 1722). Per saltire or and gu. an escarbuncle nowed and flowered sa. Crest—A mural crown ar. charged with an escarbuncle, as in the arms.
18) Or, three bars az.
19) Quarterly, or and az. four sinister wings displ. Counterchanged.
20) Az. fretty or, a fesse gu.
21) Gu. a lion ramp. ar.

1 Comment

  • Malcolm Robertson says:

    I’m a volunteer at Canterbury Cathedral and have long been puzzled by some of the 13th century roundels, set in Italian marble, on the floor of the Trinity Chapel, adjacent to the location of where Thomas Becket’s tomb was situated before it was removed on the orders of Henry VIII in 1538. The roundels still remain.

    I have found a website that goes in great detail regarding the roundels (http://www.paradoxplace.com/Photo%20Pages/UK/Britain_South_and_West/Canterbury_Cathedral/Canterbury_Roundels/Roundels.htm) which records one of them as “Arms of Mandeville”.
    The illustration of this roundel is small and, bearing in mind it was laid by 1220 does show signs of wear. The image has the appearance of some sort of tree but I can’t be sure. If you have any knowledge of this I would be delighted to hear from you.

    Thank you,

    Malcolm Robertson

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References   [ + ]

1. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
2. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150
6. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P31
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Wolf
11. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fret
12. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P118
13. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262
14. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Trefoil
15. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P109