Origin, Meaning, Family History and Mandeville Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Mandeville:
This name, with different spellings Manneville, Manville, Manvell, and Manwell, is of French geographical origin either from Manneville (seine-inferieur), Manneville (Calvados), Manneville-sur- Risle (Eure), or Magneville (La Manche). The first three places called from the Germanic particular byname Manno mentioning a (firm) man, and the Old French “Ville,” settlement, Dale and the last donated place so called from the Old French word “magne, ehich means great, and “ville,” a Valley. One, Geoffrey de Mandeville, created Earl of Essex in 1141, came from Seine Inferieur, and the Mandevilles of Earl’s Stoke and Devon hailed from Magneville (La Manche). One, William de Manevell listed in 1210, “Curia Regis Rolls of Berkshire” and a William de Manewell in the 1296 “Premium Rolls of Sussex.” In February 1671, James Manvill and Grissild Sherior married in Kirdford, Sussex, and in April 1701, Thomas Manvell, a new-born, named in St. Dunstan’s, Stepney, London.
More common variations are: Mandevill, Mandville, Manndeveille, Mandevlle, Mandevile, Mandiville, Mandaville, Mendeville, Mondeville, Mandevelle.
The surname Mandeville first found in Wiltshire where they anciently gave estates by William Duke of Normandy for their help at the invasion of Hastings in 1066 AD. Geoffrey de Mandeville (c.1100) was an outstanding Domesday tenant-in-chief. He donated large estates in Essex, and in ten other counties by William, and was Constable of the Tower of London. They were given no less than 118 Lordships after the invasion.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Goisfridus de Magna Uilla, dated about 1086, in the “Domesday Book of Essex.” It was during the time of King William 1st who was known to be the “The Conqueror,” dated 1066-1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with name Mandeville had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Mandeville settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Mandeville who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Gillis Mandeville and Gillis Mandeville; both settled in New York in the same year 1659.
Some of the people with the surname Mandeville who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Mary Mandeville settled in Maryland in 1738 and Miss Mandeville settled in Barbados in the year 1774.
The following century saw more Mandeville surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Mandeville who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Alexander Mandeville, who landed in Mississippi in the year 1844. James Mandeville arrived in Missouri in the year 1848.
Some of the people with the name Mandeville who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Mr. Richard Mandeville U.E. and Sgt. Richard Mandeville U.E., both settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario near the year 1784, they gave services in the Royal Rangers of New York.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Mandeville: United States 3,505; Canada 872; England 441; France 306; Belgium 163; Wales 45; Barbados 39; Scotland 39; Australia 26; Netherlands 22.
Geoffrey de Mandeville (11th century) (died c. 1100), was a Constable of the Tower of London.
William de Mandeville (died before 1130), was an Anglo-Norman landowner and Constable of the Tower of London.
Bernard Mandeville (1670–1733), was a Dutch-English scholar, political economist and humorist.
Chris Mandeville (born 1965), is an American football defensive back.
Fred Mandeville (born 1922), is a Canadian politician.
Gay Mandeville (born 1894), was a priest of Barbados.
John Mandeville (priest) (1655-1725), was an administrator of Peterborough, England.
Liz Mandeville was an American singer.
Mandeville Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Mandeville blazon are the wolf, fret, trefoil and escarbuncle. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, azure and gules .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
The wolf was the symbol of Rome long before the advent of heraldry, and before that was sacred to the ancient Egyptians. In heraldry it is probably more often just as head than the whole animal, but when whole it can be in many different poses. It is found from the earliest instances of arms, but quite often due to a derivative of its French name, loup sharing the initial sound of many family names like LOWE and LOVATT.
The fret is a striking charge, often occupying the whole of the field and being two instersecting diagonal lines interlaced with the outline of a square. It is believed to be derived from the image of a fishing net, which it does indeed resemble, and hence Wade believes that it should signify persuasion, although other writers regard it separately as the “the heraldic true lovers knot”
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur . The trefoil may originally been a representation of a specific plant (perhaps shamrock) but it has been used as a symbol almost since the beginning of heraldry and over time has adopted a stylised aspect. . Guillim believes that it signifies “perpetuity…the just man shall never wither”.