Blazons & Genealogy Notes
(co. Kent, and Heyford, co. Northampton). (Lewes, co, Sussex; derived from Thomas Mantell, Head Burgess of that town in 1562). Ar. a cross engr. betw. four martlets sa. Crest—A stag’s head couped at the neck guard, ar. (another, erm.).
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Mantell Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Mantell:
The name Mantell reached England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Invasion of 1066. The Mantell family resided in Buckinghamshire. Their name, however, is a reference to the family’s place of residence before the Norman Invasion of England in 1066, Mantell, near Gamages, Normandy. Before the arrival of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language not regulated. The Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person’s name was often noted under many variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most educated people. Known variations of the Mantell family name include Mantell, Mantle, Mantel, Mantelle, Manstell and much more.
More common variations are: Mantelli, Mantello, Mantella, Mantelle, Mantwell, Mauntell, Mantel, Mntell, Manetella, Manatelli.
The surname Mantell first appeared in Buckinghamshire where they held a family seat from very old times and given lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their special support at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 AD.
United States of America:
The following century saw much more Mantell surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Mantell who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Elizabeth Mantel] settled in Virginia with her husband in the year 1663.
Some of the individuals with the surname Mantell who landed in New-Zealand in the 19th century included W B D Mantell landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Oriental. W. Mantell at the age of 21, arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship “Oriental” in 1840. W. Mantell arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Wild Duck” in the year 1860.
Mantell Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Mantell blazon are the marlet, cross engrailed and stag’s head. The two main tinctures (colors) are argent and sable.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. . Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” . Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges . The pattern engrailed is a series of scalloped indentations with the points facing outwards – and should not be confused with invected, which has the points facing inwards! Wade believes that both of these indented forms represent “earth or land”, and one perhaps can indeed see the furrowed earth embodied in them.
We should be surprised to find the stag or buck, noble quarry of many a mediaeval hunt, being illustrated in many a coat of arms. . It shares many of the poses to be found with the lion, but also one almost unique to the deer, grazing, as if the animal is still unaware of the hunter’s approach. . In common with all symbols related to the hunt we probably need look further for their intended meaning than the pleasure taken by the holder in such pursuits!