Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Marbury Name
Origins of Marbury:
Marbury is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Invasion brought to England in 1066. The Marbury family resided in Cheshire, at the estate of Marbury, from whence they took their name. It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has regulated. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Marbury are characterized by many spelling variations. Authors and priests in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find many variations that relate to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated components of other European languages like Norman French and Latin, even educate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Marbury include Marbury, Marburie, Marberrie,Marberry, Merbury, Marburry, Marburrie, Marbery, Marberie and much more.
More common variations are: Marbuary, Marbuery, Marburry, Marybury, Marburey, Marbry, Marbur, Morbury, Marbour, Merbury.
The surname Marbury first appeared in Cheshire where they held a family seat from old times, as Lords of the estate of Marbury. At the time of the taking of the Domesday Book in the year 1086, these lands and Hamlet held by William Malbank, who held them from Lord Harold.
United States of America:
Some of the people with the surname Marbury who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Ann Marbury, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in the year 1634. Richard Marbury settled in Virginia in the year 1643.
Marbury Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Marbury blazon are the cross engrailed, pheon, garb and fesse engrailed. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, argent and azure .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges . The pattern engrailed is a series of scalloped indentations with the points facing outwards – and should not be confused with invected, which has the points facing inwards! Wade believes that both of these indented forms represent “earth or land”, and one perhaps can indeed see the furrowed earth embodied in them.
Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms . The pheon is a specific type of arrow head with barbs and darts and hence quite distinctive in appearance. Like the other symbols related to arrows, Wade suggests the symbolism is that of “readiness for military service”.
Europe in the middle ages was still a largely agrarian society, and the wealth of the nobility resided in their estates and land. Since most people still lived and worked on the land they would find farm implements instantly recognisable, (an important feature for a coat of arms), even if they seem obscure to us today. The garb for example is an ancient word for wheatsheaf, something now more frequently seen in Inn signs than in the field!