Marchand Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

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This name, with variant spellings Marchent, Marchand, Marquand, Merchant and Le Marchant, acquires from the Old French “marcheant” (Middle English “marchand”), meaning a merchant or trader, and originally given as a professional name to a buyer or seller of goods. More common variations are: Marchande, Marchando, Marchanda, Marchandt, Marchandy, Marchaned, Marrchand, Marchnd, Mrchand, Marchandou.

The surname Marchand first appeared in Dauphiny (French: Dauphiné or Dauphiné Viennois), an earlier county in southeastern France, where the family has held a family seat since old times. The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Roger Marchand, dated 1202,   in the “Pipe Rolls of Berkshire”. It was during the reign of King John, who was known as “Lackland”, dated 1199-1216.  Surname all over the country became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation.  It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.  Surnames all over the country began to develop with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.

Some of the people with the name Marchand who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Henri Marchand, who landed in Long Island in 1685. People with the surname Marchand who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Hiacinthe Marchand, who arrived in Louisiana in 1718-1724.  Jean Marchand, who arrived in Louisiana in 1718-1724.  Marie Marchand, who arrived in Louisiana in 1719.  Charles Marchand, aged 23, settled in Louisiana in 1719.  Marie Marchand, who settled in Louisiana in 1719. People with the surname Marchand who landed in the Canada in the 18th century included Catherine Marchand, who landed in Montreal in 1659.  Francois Marchand, who arrived in Canada in 1664.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

(co. Buckingham; granted 1582). Sa. a bend cotised betw. two griffins segreant or.

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