Blazons & Genealogy Notes1) (co. Devon). Or, three anchors sa.
2) Az. a hare ramp. or, betw. three mullets of the last. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a nag's head az.
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
The origin of this unique surname evolved originally from the Old French “marcheant” which means a businessperson or merchant, and initially given as a professional name to a customer or retailer of different things. The latest origin of the name lies in the delayed Latin “mercis”, business, marketing or seller or buyer of goods. The professional surnames ultimately are shown the basic profession of the name holder or owner, and after that became an inheritance. The surname first listed at the starting of the 13th Century and one Roger Marchaunt and a Herueus Merchant registered as an assistance in the 1219 Assize Court Revolutions of Yorkshire. In 1240, Ranulph le Marchand arose in the Fine Court Rolls of Essex, and a Reginald le Marchant registered in the 1247 Pipe Rolls of Cambridge. An interesting name holder was Nathaniel Marchant (1739 – 1816), a gem artist and medallist, who presented at the Royal Academy and was a manager-artist from the original in 1797.
More common variations are: Marchante, Marchantt, Marchanti, Marchandt, Marchaint, Marchannt, Marchaunt, Marechant, Maarchant, Marchanat.
The origins of the surname Marchant were in Buckinghamshire where people held a family seat from early times and gifted estates by Lord William of their commander at the War of Hasting in the year 1066. They were basically from Normandy being businesspersons for Le Marchant. In the year 1180, they had been gifted estates north of the boundary or bar in Scotland when Rudolph Mercater gained estates in Dunfermline.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Roger Marchand, dated 1202, in the “Pipe Rolls of Berkshire.” It was during the time of King John who was known to be the “Lackland,” 1199 – 1216. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
People of the Marchant family settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in 17th and 19th. Some of the people of Marchant family who settled in the United States in the 17th century included William Marchant and William Marchant in Virginia respectively in the years 1654 and 1663. Walter Marchant settled in Maine in the year 1620. Thomazin Marchant in Maryland in 1680 and Thomas Marchant settled in Jamaica in the year 1684.
The following century saw more Marchant surnames arrive. Saridene Marchant, at the age of 32, landed in New Orlean, La in 1840 and F Marchant in San Francisco in the year 1850 in the 19th century.
People of the Marchant family who settled in Canada in the 17th century included Jacques Marchant in Quebec in 1656. Thomas Marchant arrived in Canad in 1658.
The following century saw more Marchant surnames arrive. People of Marchant who arrived in Canada in the 19th century included Richard Marchant, at the age of 16 years and George Marchant, aged 18 arrived in Montreal respectively in the years 1841 and 1849.
Some of the Marchant people who settled ultimately in Australia in the 19th century included George Marchant, an English prisoner from Kent, aboard the ship “Almorah” settled in New South Wales in 1817. William Larington Marchant, Eliza Marchant and Robert Marchant arrived in Adelaide, Australia in 1840 aboard the ships “Fairlee” and “John.” James Marchant, an English prisoner from Somerset, arrived in Van Diemen’s Land and Port Phillip, Australia aboard the ship “Adelaide” in 1849.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Marchant: United States 7,175; England 6,415; Australia 2,280; Canada 1,164; South Africa 749; India 955; Chile 15,110, Belgium 653; Argentina 582; France 1,531.
Edward Dalton Marchant (1806–1887), was an American artist.
George Marchant (1857–1941), Australian soft-drink producer and contributor.
Sir Herbert Stanley Marchant 20th Century British diplomat and writer.
Jeremy Marchant-Forde was an English Zoologist, was born in 1966.
John Le Marchant (British Army major-general) (1766–1812), was an English major commander.
Julio Marchant (born 1980), Argentine football (soccer) player.
Katy Marchant was a British path cyclist, was born in 1993.
Stephen Marchant (1912–2003), was an Australian earth scientist and a beginner ornithologist.
Stephen Marchant was an Irish artist.
Todd Marchant was an American hockey player. He was born in 1973.
The main device (symbol) in the Marchant blazon is the anchor. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, sable and azure .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 2A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 5Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.
A wide variety of inanimate objects 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281 appear in coats of arms, so of them still recognisable today, others now rather obscure. The images used are often simplified and stylised, the anchor is a typical case. For any meaning, we need look no further than a nautical or sea-faring heritage. Indeed, some arms go into great detail of the colours and arrangement of the stock, stem, cables and flutes of the anchor reflecting a detailed knowledge of the form and use of this device. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:anchor.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27|
|2.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85|
|3.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|4.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable|
|5.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26|
|6.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35|
|7.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure|
|8.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|9.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281|
|10.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:anchor|