May Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

May Family Coat of Arms

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May Coat of Arms Meaning

May Name Origin & History

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May Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the May blazon are the billet, fesse and leopard’s face. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and gules.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 2A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the billet is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. In form it is a simple rectangle though sometimes has a slightly rounded or ragged appearance to reflect one possible origin as a block of wood cut by an axe. 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Billet. Wade groups the billet with the other square charges as symbols of “honesty and constancy”. 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P95

The fesse (also found as fess) is one of the major ordinaries to found in heraldry, being a bold, broad, horizontal band across the centre of the shield. It may originally have arisen from the planks of which a wooden shield can be constructed, the centremost plank being painted a different colour 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse. It is instantly recognisable as a symbol, for example the arms of COLEVILLE granted during the reign of Hery III are simply or, a fesse gules. With this clear association with the construction of the shield itself, Wade believes that the fesse can be taken to be associated with the military, as a “girdle of honour”.

The leopard’s face (sometimes, incorrectly referred to as a leopard’s head occurs very frequently in heraldry 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Lion. Early heraldic artists tended to treat lions and leopards as the same animal, but during the development of British Heraldry the heads of the two creatures have adopted separate, and more realistic forms. Wade would have us associate leopards with warriors, especially those who overcome ”hazardous things by force and courage” 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P65

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the May Name

May Origin:

England, France, Germany, Netherlands

Origins of Name:

The surname May is an ancient surname that most likely originates from a Norman French Introduction then to medieval England. The original word it derives from is “mai”. Mai was used as a word as a term of endearment or greeting given to a young person. It was also used as a term of endearment for someone who was a close friend of kin. This trend extends all the way to the 21st century where we see nicknames used for terms of endearment such as “lad” or “dude”, the former which can be used interchangeably between males or females.

The surname could also be used as a pet name or shortened version of the name “Matthew”. Matthew itself with some plural endings could possibly mean “Son of May”. The name Matthew is biblical in origin. It comes from the Hebrew male name “Matityahu” meaning gift of God. The name is recorded in the Greek version of the New Testament in the form of “Matthaias”. It is often seen as a Middle English given name and the modern version “Matthew”.

Finally, many children were often christened with the name “May”. A surname will evolve often times when a baby is christened with a given baptismal name. In this case the May baptismal surname is thought to only have been given to female babies. This is rare as normally there is no gender bias with given names that then eventually evolve into surnames.

Variations:

More common variations are:

Mayo, Mayy, Maey, Mawy, Mayh, Maoy, Maya, Moay, Mauy, Mayi, Mayu, Maay, Muay, Maye, Meay, Miay, Mhay, Maiy, Mway, Hmay,

History:

England:

The first known recorded spelling of the May surname is known as William Mai in 1167 who was recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk.

In 1177, William le Mai was also recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk, and it is unknown if there is any relation to the prior William Mai.

In 1221, Thomas le Mey and Goscelin Mey were recorded in the Book of Ely in Abbey Sufolk.

In 1275, John Meys was recorded in Gloucestershire in the Hundred Rolls of Gloucestershire.

Later recordings of the May surname include Stephen Mays in 1332 recorded in the Warsickshire Subsidy Rolls. Ann Mays was christened in the church of St. Mary the Virgain, Aldermanbury in London in 1596.

Scotland:

It is believed the surname is from the Old English word “maeg” meaning male kinsman, and warrior. William May built and settled his line in Berwick in 1291. David May was feudal lord of lands of Chapeltoun of Both in 1587. In 1597, Alexander May appears in Bourhilis, Aberdeenshire records. John Maii was recorded in 1638 in Harvestoun in Tillycultrie and in 1640, Robert Maii was recorded in Dunglas.

The MacDonald clan is notably a form of the name Omay.

Ireland

The surname May in Ireland was written and pronounced differently as it derives from the Gaelic surname O Miadhaigh. May is an Anglicized version of the surname O Miadhaigh, which means “descendant of Miadhach”. The name is also a nickname given to a person that would mean “honorable” or “proud”.

The surname O Miadhaigh is an old Westmeath surname, which can still be found today in the midlands. However, it is more frequently found today in Roscommon and the southern parts of Mayo. Sir Hugh de Lacy was famously killed by a O Miadhaigh, who cut off his head with an axe at the castle of Durrow in 1186. Sir Hugh de Lacy was nicknamed “the profaner and destroyer of many churches”.

The family O Miadhaigh itself was originally located in Teffia. Teffia was a County Westmeat. The family had given their name to the lands and forests known as Clonyveey or Cluain Ui Mhiadhaigh. The Anglecized version of this is O’Mey’s meadow.

As happened to many Irish families of that time they were forced to move off of their homeland by Norman families. During the Norman conquest of England many Norman families were given land, which further spread to Ireland when they would reach its shores too.

May Today:

United States 119,775

Mexico 31,591

England 29,361

South Africa 18,593

Malaysia 14,266

Australia 12,641

Cambodia 9,771

Canada 9,088

Brazil 9,031

Nigeria 6,725

Russia 6,087

Sudan 4,639

France 4,200

Notable People:

Thomas Erskine May (1815-1886), English constitutional expert

Philip William May (1864-1903), English caricaturist

Peter May (b. 1929), English cricket player

Harold May (b. 1947), English guitarist

David LaFrance May (1943-2012), American Baseball outfielder

Bert Deems May (b. 1969), NFL player in the US

May Family Gift Ideas

Browse May family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Faunt, co. Sussex; Thomas May temp. Edward IV. Visit. Leicester, 1619). (Rawmere, co. Sussex; descended from John May, younger aon of Richard May citizen of London, temp. James I.; Thomas Broadnax, son of William Broadnax, Esq., of Godmersham, co. Kent, by Anne May, his wife, dan. and heir of Christopher May, Esq., of Rawmere, assumed the surname of May, by Act of Parliament, 1738). Gu. a fess betw. eight billets or. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a leopard's head gu.
2) (Sutton Cheyney, co. Leicester; Geoffrey May, aged 70, Visit. Leicester, 1619, son of Richard May, who removed from co. Sussex to co. Leicester, second son of Thomas May, Esq., of Faunt, temp. Edward IV.). Same Arms and Crest, each charged with a crescent for diff.
3) (Paskley, co. Sussex). Same Arms and Crest, the leopard's head bezantée.
4) (London; Richard May, citizen of London, temp. James I., and Sir Humphrey May, Master of the Rolls, 1629; granted 1573). Same Arms. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a lion’s head gu.
5) (co. Essex). Gu. a fess betw. six billets or.
6) (Oxney, co. Kent). Gu. a fess or, betw. eight billets ar. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet pr, a leopard’s head and neck ppr.
7) (Highcross, in St. Austell, co. Cornwall). Gu. a chev. vair betw. three ducal coronets or.
8) (Stoke, co. Suffolk; granted 4 June, 1687-8). Gu. two barrulets erm. betw. six billets or. Crest—Out of a mural coronet ar. a leopard's head gu. billettée or.
9) (co. Wilts). Ar. on a bend vert betw. two bucks' heads cabossed sa. three roses of the first.
10) Az. three fishes naiant in pale ar. Crest—A dexter arm embowed in mail armonr, in the hand all ppr. a truncheon or, tipped sa.
11) Ar. a chev. sa. betw. three roses or, a chief of the last. Crest—A leopard’s head ppr.
12) (allowed as an impalement by Cooke, Clarenceux, 1590, to John Tedeascastle, of London, m. Elizabeth May). Vert a chev. betw. three roses or, a chief indented erm.
13) Vert a chev. betw. three crosses crosslet fitchée ar.
14) (Fun. Ent. Ulster's Office, 1616, Katherine, dau. of Patrick May, and wife, first of John Usher, Sheriff of Dublin, and second, of Alderman Thomas Bishop, Mayor of Dublin). Ar. on a chev. gu. betw. three ancient galleys with three masts, sails furled, flags flying sa. a lion ramp. or, armed and langued az.
15) (Fun. Ent. Ulster's Office, Frances, dau. of Sir Thady Duffe, Knt., of Dublin, and wife of James May, of Dublin, merchant, d. 1635, leaving two sons, Bartholomew May and Mathew May). Ar. on a chev. az. betw. three ancient galleys, with three masts, sails furled ppr. flags flowing gu. a lion ramp. of the first.
16) (Dublin; Fun. Ent. Ulster’s Office. 1640, Edward May, second son of Sir Thomas May, Knt., of Mayfield, co. Sussex). Gu. a fess betw. eight billets or, a crescent on a crescent for diff.
17) (Mayfield, co. Waterford, bart., extinct). Gu. a fess betw. eight billets or. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet a leopard’s head couped ppr.
18) (granted by Betham, Ulster, to Sir Stephen May, Knt., of Belfast). Az. a fess indented ar. betw. ten billets or. Crest—On a ducal coronet or, a leopard's head and neck gu. charged with a billet gold.
19) (Charterhouse, Hinton-upon-Mendip, co. Somerset; Christopher May, 6. 1583, son of John May, and grandson of Robert May, all of Charterhouse-Hinton: granted to Robert May, 1573. Visit. Somerset, 1623). Sa. a chev. betw. three roses ar. a chief or.
20) (William May, Esq., of the Knowle, Brenchley, Kent). Motto—Memor et fidelis. Gu. a chev. invected or, betw. three roses ar. on a chief of the second a bull statant sa. Crest—Out of the battlements of a tower a hawthorn tree in blossom with white May flower, in front thereof two tilting spears in saltire all ppr.
21) (Avebury, co. Wilts, and Cheshunt House, co. Herts; borne by Rev. Charles Mayo, D.C.L., of Cheam, co. Surrey, Thomas Mayo, M.D., President of Royal College of Physicians, 1856, and Rev. William Mayo, M.A., Rector of Folke, co. Dorset). Motto—Nuncia pads oliva. Sa. a chev. betw. three roses ar. a chief or. Crest—A dove holding an olive branch in the beak all ppr.

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References   [ + ]

1. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
2. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
5. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
7. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Billet
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P95
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse
11. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Lion
12. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P65