Origin, Meaning, Family History and Meller Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Meller:
Listed in a remarkable number of spellings such as the famous Mellor and the more rarified Meller, Melor, Mellior, Mellaw, Mellors, Melaugh, Mellarts, Mellowes, Meyller and even Mellop, this is an English surname. It is geographical from the hamlets named as Mellor in Lancashire or Cheshire. Listed respectively as “Malver” in the year 1130, and as Melner in the record of Pleas before the King for the above divisions, the places so called from old British (pre-Roman) words “moel,” which means naked, and “bre,” which means a slope. Both places are located on the slope of rounded hills. Geographical Surnames frequently originated when old residents of a place shifted to another place, usually to search work, and best recognized by the name of their mother town. The surname first developed on record towards the middle of the 13th Century. Early examples contain the Willelmus de Meller in the Census Tax Returns of Yorkshire in 1379, and in 1588, Edward Mellor of Oldham, Lancashire listed in the Wills documents held in the city of Chester. A Royal symbol related to the family name has the blazon of a silver shield with three blackbirds proper and a black chief dancettee.
More common variations are: Moeller, Mueller, Meiller, Mellera, Mellere, Mellero, Melleor, Mealler, Mellery.
The surname Meller first appeared in Dorset where they held a family seat from old times, and their first register found on the early poll rolls derived by the old Kings of Britain to decide the rate of taxation of their services.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Richard de Meluer, dated about 1246, in the “Assize Court Rolls of Lancashire.” It was during the time of King Henry III who was known to be the “The Frenchman,” dated 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Meller had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Meller landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Meller who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Thom Meller, who came to Virginia in 1651. John Meller, who came to Maryland in 1679.
People with the surname Meller who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Sarah Meller, who settled in Maryland in 1720 with her husband. Felicks Meller arrived in Pennsylvania in 1732. Hans Jacob Meller, who came to Pennsylvania in the year 1732. Johan Georg Meller, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1732. Augustine Meller, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1750.
The following century saw more Meller surnames come. Some of the people with the surname Meller who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Barbara Meller, who landed in America in 1843. Fredrick George Meller landed in New York in 1849. Robert Meller landed in New York in 1862.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Meller: Poland 3,342; Germany 3,295; Brazil 2,846; United States 1,851; Israel 1,390; Russia 1,118; England 769; Argentina 478; France 245; Chile 234.
Amos Meller (1938-January 2007) best identified as an Israeli writer and director. He was born in Kibbutz Ein HaHoresh and died in Tel Aviv.
Nina Genke or Nina Genke-Meller, or Nina Henke-Meller was a Ukrainian-Russian avant-garde artist, author, and graphic artist.
Sir Richard James Meller (1872 – 23 June 1940) was a British barrister and Conservative politician. He was born in London, the son of Richard Meller.
Stefan Meller ( July 1942 in Lyon, France–February 2008 in Warsaw, Poland) was a Polish politician and professor.
Vadym Meller (1884–1962), was a Ukrainian-Russian Soviet artist, modern painter, a professional architect, book cartoonist and developer.
Meller Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Meller blazon are the marlet, mascle, annulet and crown. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and or.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. . Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” . Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.
The mascle is a close relative of the lozenge or diamond shape, but with the centre cut away revealing the background underneath. . Guillim, writing in the 17th century reckoned the mascle to represent the mesh of a net, being the biblical symbol for “persuasion, whereby men are induced to virtue and verity”.
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose xz`, and the annulet is a good example, being a circular ring of any colour. They also appear interlaced or one within the other, both of which are very pleasing additions. Wade believes that these were one of the symbols of ancient pilgrims.