Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Mountford Name
Origins of Mountford:
This common surname is of French geographical origin from Montford-sur-Risle in Normandy, so called from the Olde French “mont,” which means a slope, and “fort,” which means strong and immovable. The surname from this origin was first listed in the Domesday Book, the named ancestor being a supporter of William the Champion who was given lands in England. One, Ralph de Munford shows in the 1159 “Pipe Rolls of Kent” and a Simon de Mumford in the 1242 “Fine Court Rolls of Kent.” It is also probable that the name is geographical from different hamlets called Montford, but these all have a French origin. In the “modern” phrase, the name spelled as Montford, Montfort, Mountford, Mountfort, Mumford and Mun(d)ford. In 1597, a John Mountford listed in the Oxford University Record, while William Momeforde noted in the record of St Margarets, Westminster, being named there in March 1546.
More common variations are: Mountfordd, Mountfourd, Mounntford, Montford, Muntford, Mountfort, Montiford, Monteford, Monntford, Mountfird
The surname Mountford first appeared in Warwickshire where the family claims descended from “Hugh de Montfort, son of Thurstan de Basternbergh, a Norman followed the Champion in 1066, and got for his services more than one hundred lordships in Kent, Essex, Suffolk, and Norfolk.” Nicknamed “Hugh with a Beard,” he was the son of Thurstan de Bastenburgh.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Hugo de (of) Montford, dated about 1086, in the “Domesday Book.” It was during the time of King William 1 who was known to be the “The Conqueror,” dated 1066 – 1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varietions of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Mountford had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Some of the people with the name Mountford who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included George and Thomas Mountford settled in Virginia in the year 1652. George Mountford, who landed in Virginia in the year 1652. Jane Mountford, who arrived in Virginia in the year 1657. Richard Mountford settled in Barbados in 1685.
Some of the individuals with the surname Mountford who landed in Australia in the 19th century included George Mountford, Welsh prisoner from Pembroke, who shifted aboard the “Adamant” in March in the year 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia. George James Mountford, English prisoner from London, who shifted aboard the “Asia” in October in the year 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia. Thomas Mountford at the age of 26, arrived in South Australia in the year 1856 aboard the ship “Gomelza.”
Some of the population with the surname Mountford who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Samuel Mountford at the age of 30, a potter, arrived in Otago aboard the ship “Dallam Tower” in 1875. Emma Mountford at the age of 28, arrived in Otago aboard the ship “Dallam Tower” in 1875. Annie E. Mountford at the age of 7, came to Otago aboard the ship “Dallam Tower” in 1875. Edmund Mountford at the age of 2, came to Otago aboard the ship “Dallam Tower” in 1875.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Mountford: England 3,845; United States 941; Australia 893; South Africa 493; Canada 329; Argentina 254; Scotland 203; New Zealand 130; Malaysia 101; Wales 90.
Harry Mountford (born 1886), was an English football player.
James Mountford was a 19th-century football player.
John Mountford (born 1948), is a British television manager and former broadcaster.
John Mountford (Australian politician) (born 1933), was an Australian leader.
Kali Mountford (born 1954), is a British Labour Party leader and MP for Colne Valley from 1997 to 2010.
Ken Mountford was a New Zealand rugby league player who represented his country.
Margaret Mountford was a British advocate, businesswoman and TV celebrity known for her role in The Apprentice.
Peter Mountford (footballer) (born 1960), is an English football player.
Mountford Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Mountford blazon are the fleur-de-lis, bendy and garb. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, or and argent .
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. . The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul” and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms
Knowing that the bend is a diagonal stripe of colour, we can easily conclude that bendy is the variant whereby the whole of the shield is covered with diagonal stripes of alternating colours, usually around 4 or 5 of each colour. We should not assign any particular significance to the choice of this pattern, but rather more to the colours they are composed of.
Europe in the middle ages was still a largely agrarian society, and the wealth of the nobility resided in their estates and land. Since most people still lived and worked on the land they would find farm implements instantly recognisable, (an important feature for a coat of arms), even if they seem obscure to us today. The garb for example is an ancient word for wheatsheaf, something now more frequently seen in Inn signs than in the field!