Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Totnes, co. Devon). Ar. on chev. the upper part terminating in a cross formée gu. three bezants. Crest—A lion's gamb erect ar. holding a cross formée fitchée gu. charged with three bezants.
2) (descended from Roger Newland, Esq., of Newlande, co. Southampton, who, having failed in the attempt to effect the escape of Charles I. from Carisbroke Castle, suffered death on the scaffold, exclaiming, “Deprived of my life and my property, I leave to my posterity, Le nom, les armes, la loyauté,” which has since been retained as the motto of the family). Motto—Le nom, les armes, la loyauté. Ar. on a chev. the upper part terminating in a cross pattée fitchée gu. three bezants. Crest—A wolf's head couped ppr. collared or.
3) (co. Essex). Ar. on a chev. sa. an escallop or.
4) (co. Hertford; granted 169З). Ar. on a chev. sa. betw. three lions ramp. double queued sa. crowned or, as many crescents of the first. Crest—A tiger's head erased ar. maned and tufted or, gorged with a collar in charged with three crescents of the first, holding in the mouth a broken spear embrued ppr.
5) Ar. on a chev. betw. three lions ramp. sa. as many escallops of the field.
6) (Edinburgh). Ar. three covered cups sa.
7) (Scotland). Ar. on a chev. betw. three lions ramp. sa. as many crescents of the first. Crest—A demi lion ramp. Motto—Pro patria.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Newland Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Listed as Newland and Newlands, this in spite of its spelling, is an old Anglo-Scottish surname.  It considered being of locational origin from the places called Newlands in at least six English divisions ranging from Cornwall to Cumbria. More common variations are: Niewland, Newlande, Neland, Nieuwland, Nowland, Neyland, Nieland, Nawland, Nelland, Neiland. The surname Newland first found in Devon where they held a family seat from early times. The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Samson de la Niwelande, dated 1188, in the Pipe Rolls of Kent. Some of the people with the name Newland who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included William Newland, who arrived in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1637.  People with the surname Newland who landed in the United States in the 18th century included John Newland, who settled in Maryland in 1719.  Henry Newland, who settled in Virginia in 1774.

Newland Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Newland blazon are the cross formee, crescent, escallop and lion rampant. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, gules and argent .

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.1. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 2. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.3.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”4. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 5. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.6.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 7. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 8.

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 9. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges 10, or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross 11. The cross formee is typical of these, (also known as a cross pattee) it has arms which broaden out in smooth curves towards the ends.

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 12xz`, and the crescent Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. Some common is this device that there are special names for its appearance in various orientations – whilst it lies normally with points upward, the decrescent points to the sinister side, and the increscent to the dexter 13. The allusion, obviously is to the shape of the moon in the sky (indeed, the French have a version “figuré” which includes a face!) and has been said to signify both “honour by the sovereign” and “hope of greater glory” 14.

The escallopoccurs often in arms, represented as the outside of the shell, sometimes “fluted” of a different colour 15. It has been part of heraldic tradition almost from the beginning of the art, Henry III of England awarded Gules, 3 escallopes argent to Herbert de CHAMBERLEYNE in the 13th century, and it is present in the heraldry of almost all countries 16. It is believed that they were adopted as badges of those going to the Holy Land and can be found in the arms of many a crusading family. Hence Wade’s suggested association of the scallop with those that “complete long journeys to far countries” 17.

Leave A Comment

References

  • 1 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
  • 2 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
  • 3 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 4 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 5 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 6 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
  • 7 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 8 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 9 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
  • 10 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67
  • 11 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128
  • 12 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
  • 13 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Moon
  • 14 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106
  • 15 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Escallop
  • 16 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P299
  • 17 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P91