Northcote Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Northcote Family Coat of Arms

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Northcote Coat of Arms Meaning

Northcote Name Origin & History

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Northcote Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Northcote blazon are the cross crosslet and pale. The three main tinctures (colors) are argent, sable and or .

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 1Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross. The cross crosslet is one of these, being symetrical both vertically and horizontally and having an additional cross bar on each arm. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Crosslet Wade suggests that these additional crossing signify “the fourfold mystery of the Cross”. 11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P103

The Pale is one of the major, so called ordinaries, significant objects that extend across the entire field of the shield. The pale being a broad vertical band up the centre of the shield 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Pale. In origin, the word probably has its roots in the same place as palisade, a defensive wall made of closely space upright timbers. Indeed, it is possible that the original “pales” arose where a wooden shield was constructed of vertical planks painted in different hues 13A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, Chapter 1. This is perhaps why Wade, a writer on Heraldic Symbology suggested that denotes “military strength and fortitude” 14The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P47.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Northcote Name

Northcote Origin:

England

Origins of Northcote:

According to the early recordings of the spelling of the name, this interesting and unique name was listed as Northcote, Northcott, Norcott, Norcutt, Norkutt, Norkett, and Narracott, this is an English surname. It is locational from any of the different places named with the old English pre 7th Century “North” which means “north,” and “cot,” a home or shelter. These places contain Northcott in the Tiverton county of Devonshire, and Norcott in Gloucestershire and Hertfordshire. An old lived Devonshire family of the name trace their origin from Galfridus Miles, who resided in the estate of Northcote in that division near the year 1103. Early records of the surname include William de Nordcote, in the Pipe Rolls of Gloucestershire in the year 1205. Amyas de Northcott, in the Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire in 1273, and John atte Northcote, of Sussex, in 1296. A notable name ancestor was Sir John Northcote, (1599 – 1679), the sheriff of Devonshire, 1626 – 1627 and M.P., for Ashburton, in 1641.

Variations:

More common variations are: Northcotte, Northcoate, Northcot, Northcott, Northcoat, Norrthcott, Northcut, Northcutt, Northgate.

England:

The surname Northcote first appeared in Devon at Northcote (Northcott), a village, in the church of Boyton, union of Holsworthy, Hundred of Black Torrington. The surname is descendant “from Galfridus, who was of Northcote, in the church of East-Downe, in the twelfth century.”

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Nicholas de Northicote, dated about 1199, in the “Assize Court Rolls of the county of Staffordshire.” It was during the time of King Richard I, dated 1189 – 1199. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Northcote had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Northcote landed in the United States in the 18th century. Some of the people with the name Northcote who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Hazell Northcote, who settled in Virginia in 1726. James Northcote, who arrived in America in 1771.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Northcote: South Africa 384; England 312; Australia 223; Peru 199; United States 191; Canada 153; Scotland 131; Wales 56; New Zealand 38; Chile 27.

Notable People:

Sir Geoffry Alexander Stafford Northcote, KCMG (February 1881 – 10 July 1948) was a British colonial governor.

James Northcote RA (Plymouth October 1746 –July 1831 London) was an English painter.

James Spencer Northcote (born at Feniton Court, Devonshire, May 1821; d. at Stoke-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, March 1907) was an English Catholic bishop and author. He was born in Plymouth and was an assistant to his father, Samuel Northcote, a watchmaker. In his spare time, he drew and painted. In 1769, he resigned from his father’s work and set up as a portrait painter. Four years later, he went to London and was selected as a student into the studio and house of Sir Joshua Reynolds. At the same time, he joined the Royal Academy schools.

Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Lord of Iddesleigh GCB PC (October 1818 –January 1887), known as Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt, from 1851 to 1885, was a Traditional British political leader. He gave services as Chancellor of the Treasury between 1874 and 1880 and as International Secretary between 1885 and 1886 and was one of only two people to hold the office of First Earl of the Treasury without being Prime Minister.

Northcote Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (co. Devon; allowed by Cooke, Clarenceux). Ar. three crosses crosslet in bend sa.
2) (Hayne, co. Devon, bart.; descended from a family of great antiquity which derived, at a very early period, its name from Northcote, in the parish of East Down). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, ar. a fess betw. three crosses moline sa.; 2nd and 3rd, ar. three crosses crosslet in bend sa. Crest—On a chapeau gu. turned up erm. a stag trippant ar. Motto—Christi crux est mea lux.
3) (Crediton and Yewton, co. Devon; John Northcote, Eaq., of Yewton, second, but eldest surviving son of John Northcote, Eaq., of Crediton, who was son of Walter Northcote, and grandson of John Northcote, of same place. Visit. Devon, 1620). Ar. three crosses crosslet in bend sa. Crest, as Northcote, of Hayne.
4) (co. Devon, 1671). Or, a pale bendy of six ar. and sa. Crest—A demi unicorn ramp. erased ar. armed and maned or.
5) (Feniton Court, co. Devon, Somerset Court, co. Somerset). Motto—Cito non temere. Or, a pale engr. bendy of six, ar. and az. betw. four crosses botonnee of the last. Crest—A stag ar. charged on the body with two crosses botonnee gu. and resting the dexter fore foot on an escutcheon or, charged with a pale, as in the arms.

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References   [ + ]

1. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
2. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
3. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
7. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
9. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Crosslet
11. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P103
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Pale
13. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, Chapter 1
14. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P47