Pennell Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Pennell Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Pennell:
Listed in many forms including Penell, Pennell, Peniall, Penniall, Penniell, and Pernell, this is an English surname, but which in some examples may have an ultimate French origin. According to the famous Victorian etymologist Canon Charles Bardsley, it has two possible origins, both from specific names but we would add a third that it is locational. The first origin is a metronymic from the female name of Petronella, popular in the Middle Ages. It was a name which was either introduced by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066, or possibly by the Crusaders returning from the Holy Land in the 12th century. The second is as a little of the pre 7th century Olde English name Payne, to give Payn-el, while the third option is locational either from Penheale, a village in Cornwall or from Penn Hall previously Penehull, in the district of Worcester. In this example, Alredus de Penhull noted in the Assize Rolls of Worcester in the year 1221, when it shows that he may not have paid his taxes. It is clearly a locational record, but that of William Pennel, noted in Colchester, Essex in 1377, suggests an improvement from a personal name. Other early records include Anne Pennyale at St Margarets, West Minster, in the year 1571, Thomas Pernell of St Columb Major in Cornwall in 1580, Elizabeth Penniall who married Robert Wood at St Margarets, Westminster in the year 1640, and Samuel Pennell, at St Mary Aldermanry, in the city of London in the year 1671.
More common variations are: Pennella, Pennelli, Pennello, Pennelle, Pennelly, Pennuell, Pennwell, Peennell, Pennyell, Penneall.
The surname Pennell first appeared in Essex where they held a family seat in Colchester. The Saxon command of English history declined after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries, and the Norman ambiance predominated. But Saxon surnames remained, and the family name first mentioned in the year 1377 when William Pennell noted on the Tax Rolls for the division of Essex.
Many of the people with surname Pennell had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Pennell landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 18th. Some of the people with the name Pennell who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included George Pennell settled in Virginia in 1655. George Pennell, who landed in Virginia in 1655.
The following century saw more Pennell surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Pennell who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Thomas Pennell, who arrived in New England in 1740. Thomas Pennell settled in New England in 1740.
Some of the individuals with the surname Pennell who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Matthew Pennell, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the “Albion” on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen’s Land, Australia . William Richard Pennell, aged 22, a Sawyer, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship “Shackamaxon.” John Pennell, aged 19, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship “Shackamaxon.”
Here is the population distribution of the last name Pennell:
United States 6,830; England 1,527; Canada 1,482; Australia 765; New Zealand 393; Wales 203; Belize 93; South Africa 73; Scotland 59; Switzerland 27.
Pennell (Kent cricketer), was an English professional cricket player.
Chris Pennell (born April 1987) is an English rugby union player. He currently plays for Worcester Warriors in the Aviva Premiership. He plays as a fullback and is an old captain of Worcester Warriors.
He is the son of England cricketer Graham Dilley. After his parents’ marriage, had broken down, Pennell’s mother married a British Army soldier, and Pennell took his surname. The family moved to Portadown, Northern Ireland, where he educated at Millington Primary School.
Eagle Pennell (1952–2002), was an American independent filmmaker.
Edward Pennell (1894–1974), was a Royal Flying Corps officer.
Elizabeth Robins Pennell (1855–1936), was an American author.
Francis W. Pennell (1886–1952), was an American botanist.
Gerry Pennell (1959- ), is a British Manager.
Harry Pennell (1882–1916), was a Royal Navy Officer.
Henry Singleton Pennell (1874–1907), was an English winner of the Victoria Cross.
Joseph Pennell (1857–1926), was an American artist and writer.
Larry Pennell (born 1928), was an American television and film actor.
Lawrence Pennell (1914–2008), was a Canadian advocate and leader.
Maynard Pennell (1910–1994), was an American businessman.
Nicholas Pennell (1938–1995), was an English actor.
Rebecca Pennell (1821–1890), was an American professor.
Robert Franklin Pennell (1850–1905), was an American professor and classicist.
Russ Pennell (born 1960), is an American basketball coach.
Steven Brian Pennell (1957–1992), was an American serial killer.
Pennell Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Pennell blazon are the arm in armour, fess and bend. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, or and gules .
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
The Arm appears frequently in the crest of a coat of arms, often armoured and described in some detail as to its appearance and attitude. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:arm It can also appear on the shield itself as a charge. The arm itself is said to signify a “laboorious and industrious person” 11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P92, whilst the arm in armour may denote “one fitted for performance of high enterprise” 12A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P184
The fesse (also found as fess) is one of the major ordinaries to found in heraldry, being a bold, broad, horizontal band across the centre of the shield. It may originally have arisen from the planks of which a wooden shield can be constructed, the centremost plank being painted a different colour 13A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse. It is instantly recognisable as a symbol, for example the arms of COLEVILLE granted during the reign of Hery III are simply or, a fesse gules. With this clear association with the construction of the shield itself, Wade believes that the fesse can be taken to be associated with the military, as a “girdle of honour”.
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right 14Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40. Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). 15A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22. The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank 16The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49.