Origin, Meaning, Family History and Penrose Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Penrose:
It is an English geographical surname of ancient times, from any of the areas called ‘Penrose’ in Cornwall and Wales. There are ten places of the name in Cornwall, many in Wales, and in Herefordshire near the Welsh boundary. These locations surely mentioned the old Celtic origin of the name, which means ‘the peak or end, or the berth, heathland, or slope.’ It acquired from the Celtic components ‘pen’ which means peak, top or end, with ‘ros,’ which means meadow, grassland or point, slope or spur. A remarkable ancestor of the name was Sir Charles Vinicombe Penrose (1759 – 1830), was in command of a squadron co-operating with the army in the Peninsula War (1813), and mainly in command in the Mediterranean in 1814 and 1816. He rewarded the K.C.B. and G.C.M.G. in 1816 and selected as vice-administrator in 1821.
More common variations are: Penerose, Pennrose, Penros, Pennyrose, Benrose, Pinrose, Penrosa, Peneros, Penross, Penrise.
The surname Penrose first appeared in Cornwall where they held a family seat from early times and their first documentations appeared on the first poll rolls derived by the old Kings of Britain to decide the rate of taxation of their services.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Philip de Penros, dated about 1195, in the ” Pipe Rolls of Cornwall’. It was during the time of King Richard I, who was known to be the “The Lionheart,” dated 1189-1199. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Penrose had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Penrose settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Penrose who settled in the United States in the 17th century included John Penrose settled in Maine in 1622. Priscilla Penrose, who landed in Maryland in 1671.
Some of the people with the surname Penrose who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Bartholomew Penrose, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1700. Christopher Penrose, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1717. Joe Penrose and his wife Elizabeth settled in Georgia in 1732.
The following century saw more Penrose surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Penrose who settled in the United States in the 19th century included William Penrose, who came to America in 1810. John, Thomas, and William Penrose, all came to Philadelphia in the same year 1855.
Some of the people with the name Penrose who settled in Canada in the 19th century included Isaac Penrose and Yarnel Penrose, both arrived in Canada in 1828. Joseph Penrose, who arrived in Canada in 1836.
Some of the people with the surname Penrose who settled in Australia in the 19th century included William Penrose arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship “Lysander.” Robert Penrose arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship “Omega.”
Some of the people with the surname Penrose who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included William Penrose, Margaret Penrose, William Penrose, Richard I. Penrose and Nanny Penrose, all arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship “Ballochmyle” in 1874.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Penrose: United States 3,314; Papua New Guinea 2,242; England 1,990; Australia 997; South Africa 493; Canada 382; Germany 235; New Zealand 192; Ireland 191; Scotland 118.
Barrie Penrose (born 1942), is a British investigative researcher, interviewer, and trainer.
Boies Penrose (1860–1921), was an American advocate and politician from Philadelphia.
Craig Penrose (born 1953), is an American football player.
Edith Penrose (1914–1996), was a British economist.
Emily Penrose (1858–1942), was an English administrator at Somerville College, Oxford University.
Penrose Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Penrose blazon are the rose and bend. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, sable and azure .
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur . The rose is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It has long been present in English heraldry, and as a badge and symbol played an enormous in English history throughout the conflict between rival dynasties known as the War of the Roses. In addition to these familial uses, Wade suggests that red roses signify “beauty and grace” and the white represents “love and faith”.
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right . Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). . The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank .