Peterson Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Peterson Family Coat of Arms

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Peterson Coat of Arms Meaning

Peterson Name Origin & History

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Peterson Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Peterson blazon are the lion rampant, eagle, talbot and cross. The three main tinctures (colors) are argent, sable and gules .

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 1Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154

There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. Originally it appeared only in one pose, erect, on one paw, with the others raised 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64 but such was the popularity of this figure, and the need to distinguish arms from each other, that it soon came to be shown in an enormous range of forms 10Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141. The lion rampant is an example of these modified form, and any family would be proud to have such a noble creature displayed on their arms. Rampant is the default attitude of the lion, raised on its hind legs, facing to the dexter and with front paws extended in a fearsome and powerful pose.

Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle. They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238 as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74, but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!

Many breeds of dog appear in coats of arms, reflecting their status as man’s closet companion. The talbot is a hunting dog akin to a terrier, and usually illustrated in a lifelike style and eager pose. 14A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Dog In common with the other heraldic dogs, Wade suggests that their presence should suggest “courage, vigilance and loyal fidelity”. 15The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P68 Others might say we need look no further than a pleasure in the hunt and the affection for this sturdy breed.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Peterson Name

Peterson Origin:

Greece, England

Origins of Name:

The surname of Peterson is said to have Christian elements, but derives from the Greeks. The Greek word of “Petros” which can be translated to mean “the rock” is where the surname stems from. Peterson is the patronymic form of the personal given name of Peter, which has the original derivative of the Greek word “Petros.” Thus, the surname of Peterson can be translated to mean “son of the rock.” There are over seven hundred estimated spellings of the personal given name of Peter, meaning that there are many possible spellings of the surname of Peterson. The popularity of the surname of Peterson within Christian countries and cultures can be largely attributed to Peter, whom Christ allegedly chose to build the foundation of the church. Thus, in a Biblical setting, Peter was chosen to be “the rock on which the church was to be founded.” This personal given name gained popularity following the Crusades, which was how it was brought to Europe, most specifically the country of England.

Variations:

More common variations are: Peter, Petterson, Pieterson, Peaterson, Petersson, Petersone, Petersohn, Peiterson, Petereson, Peterseon, Petersonn

History:

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Peterson can be found in the country of England. One person by the name of Ralph Peter was mentioned and named in the Pipe Rolls of the County Hertford in the year of 1195. This document, the Pipe Rolls of the Country Hertford, was ordered, decreed, and written under the reign of one King Richard I of England, who was known throughout the history of the ages as one “Richard the Lionheart” or “The Lionheart.” King Richard I of England ruled from the year 1189 to the year 1199. Other mentions of the surname of Peterson within the country of England includes Luke Petre who was mentioned in the city of London, England in the year of 1282, and William Petres, who was mentioned as living in Somerset, England, in they ear 1327. Those who bear the surname of Peterson can be found in large concentrations throughout the country of England. The areas that have the most recognizable populations of people who bear the surname of Peterson are in the counties of Lancashire and Yorkshire.

Spain:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Peterson within the country of Spain was found in the year of 1565. One person who was recorded to bear the name of Andres Guillen Perez was mentioned as living within the area of Zaragoza, Spain.

Mexico:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Peterson in the country of Mexico was said to be found within the year of 1775. One person who was named as Martina Josepha Perez was said to have lived in or around the area of Santa Catarina, Mexico in the month of December, on the 23rd day.

United States of America:

During the 17th Century, the European Migration began, which placed more and more settlers in the United States of America. The U.S. which at that time was referred to as The New World, or The Colonies, became an area where many Europeans who were dissatisfied with the state of their government, flocked to. The first person to bear the surname of Peterson in the United States was one Henry Peterson, who arrived in Virginia in 1622. Those with the surname of Peterson can be found in Illinois and in Minnesota.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Peterson: United States 324,042; Canada 13,238; Haiti 12,785; Brazil 10,319; Nigeria 10,240; South Africa 7,634; Australia 7,596; Uganda 6,535; Sweden 5,525; Germany 4,808

Notable People:

Phyllis Amanda Peterson (1971-2015) who was an actress from America, and who is most notably recognized from the film Can’t Buy Me Love for her role as Cindy Mancini in the year 1987

Major-General Virgil Lee Peterson (1882-1956) who was a Director of Personnel in the Army Service Forces in the year 1945

Michael J. Peterson (1941-2014) who was a Democratic politician from America, who served as a Member of the Kansas House of Representatives from the year 1979 to the year 1990

Roger Tory Peterson (1908-1996) who was a naturalist from America, and who was also an ornithologist, educator, and artist, who was also awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom

Ole Peterson, who was a politician from America, and served as a Member of the Minnesota State Senate in the 39th District in the year of 1872

Opal Peterson, who was a Democratic politician from America, who also served as the Presidential Elector for Minnesota in the year 1996

Oscar Peterson Jr, who was a Republican politician from America, and who served as a Member of the Connecticut State House of Representatives from Stratford and who was elected in the year of 1946

Peterson Family Gift Ideas

Browse Peterson family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Sa. on a cross betw. four lions ramp. ar. five eagles displ. of the field. Crest—A dexter hand brandishing a sabre ppr.
2) Sa. on a cross betw. four talbots’ heads erased ar. five eagles of the field.
3) (London). Gu. on a fesse ar. three greyhounds’ heads couped sa. collared or, a bordure of the last.
4) (London). Sa. on a cross betw. four lions’ beads erased ar. five eagles displ. of the field.
5) (Scotland). Motto—Nihil sine Deo. Same Arms. Crest—A pelican ppr.

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References   [ + ]

1. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
2. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
3. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
6. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
9. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64
10. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141
11. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle
12. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74
14. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Dog
15. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P68