Roth Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Roth Family Coat of Arms

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Roth Coat of Arms Meaning

Roth Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Rothe.

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Roth Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Roth blazon are the mullet, label, oak tree and stag. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, ermine and vert .

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.1The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 4A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!

The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 11A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.

The label holds a special place in heraldry, originlly being a temporary mark, used by the oldest son while his father was still alive. In appearance it is a horizontal bar near the top of the shield from which descend 3 or 5 “points” or small rectangles descending from the bar. 13A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Label In more recent use it has come to used as charge in its own right 14A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P154 and may have additional charges on each point, which can create a pleasing visual effect.

Amongst the natural objects depicted on a coat of arms, trees feature frequently, either in whole or as individual branches and leaves. 15A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P94, 262, 407. Although sometimes described simply as a tree most often the specific species was named, and the oak tree or oak leaf is a typical example that frequently is depicted in arms, sometimes fructed with acorns of a different colour. 16A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Oak For good reason, Wade assigns the meaning of “antiquity and strength” to this symbol. 17The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P126

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Roth Name

Roth Origin:

England, Germany, Ireland

Origins of Name:

The surname of Roth is a surname with German, English, or Jewish origins. There are at least four possible origins for the surname of Roth. The first possible origin for the surname of Roth is that it comes from the Old English Pre 7th Century word of “rot” which can be translated to mean “red” and was used as an ethnic name for someone who was Anglo-Saxon. The Anglo-Saxon people often had red hair. The second possible source of the surname of Roth is that it was a topographical surname, meaning that this surname was given to someone who lived on or near a man-made or natural phenomena. The surname of Roth also comes from the same place as the surnames of Rhodes or Rodes, which are both developments of the word “rod” which can be translated to mean “wood” thus making this a topographical surname for someone who lived near the woods. The third possible origin of the surname of Roth is that is can be derived from the German word “hrod” which can be translated to mean “renown.” This was often used as a prefix for other names. The fourth possible origin of the surname of Roth is that it can be Jewish, where it was used as an ornamental surname. This means that when the refugees of Ashkenasic origins fled to the country of Germany, they were given localized names that sounded pleasant, of which Roth is known to be one of.

Variations:

More common variations are: Routh, Rooth, Wroth, Roath, Rothe, Rotha, Roeth, Roith, Rothu, Rothi, Rother, Roiter, Rothert, Roter, Rotheman, Rothman, Rothmann, Rottman, Roitman, Reitman, Wrothem, Rothin, Rothschild, Roter,

History:

Germany:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Roth was found in the country of Germany in the year of 1138. One person by the name of Rote was recorded. In Germany those who bear the Roth surname are commonly found along the southwestern border, close to France and Switzerland.

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Roth in England was recorded in the year of 1327. One John Rotheman was recorded in the Tax Rolls of the County Essex. Shortly after this, one person by the name of Adam Roth was recorded in the city of Colchester in County Essex in the year of 1346. Those who bore the surname of Roth could be found in the northern region of the country of England. Many who bear the surname of Roth can be seen in high concentrations in the county of Lancashire, as well as Yorkshire and the city of London.

Scotland:

In Scotland, those who carry the surname of Roth are primarily in the counties of Kincardineshire, Banffshire, Lanarkshire, along with Ross and Cromarty.

United States of America:

During the European Migration, many English immigrants left their homeland in search of a new and prosperous life. A rather large number of these immigrants bore the surname of Leonard, and landed in the United States of America and settled in the eastern states of Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio, the Midwest states of Missouri and Illinois as well as the Western state of California.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Roth:

United States 73, 139, Germany 66,203, Cambodia 15,439, Switzerland 10,327, France 9,062, Brazil 5,978, Canada 5,869, Israel 4,983, Austria 4,139, Argentina 3,972

Notable People:

Eric Roth, who was an Academy Award winning writer, producer, and actor, who was best known for The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008) Forrest Gump (1994) and Munich (2005)

Eli Raphael Roth (born in 1972) who was a multiple award winning producer, actor, and writer

Arthur C. Roth, who was the U.S. Vice Consul in Plauen in the year 1914, and who was a politician from America

Arnold Roth, who was a Delegate to the National Convention from America in 1988, and who was a Democratic politician from America

Almon E. Roth, who was the Alternate Delegate to the Republican National Convention from California in the year 1936, and who was a Republican politician from America

Mrs. Allen Roth, who was the Alternate Delegate to the Democratic National Convention from Minnesota in the year 1944, and who was a Democratic politician from America

Adam A. Roth, who was the Mayor of Danbury, Connecticut, until he was defeated in the year 1937, and who was the Alternate Delegate to the Republican National Convention from Connecticut in the year 1944, and who was a Republican politician from America

Roth Family Gift Ideas

Browse Roth family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (co. Leicester). Gu. on a chev. erm. three mullets sa.
2) Gu. an orle erm. in chief a label az.
3) (co. Kilkenny; an ancient family in that co., descended from John Fitz William Rothe, of Northon Rothe, co. Lancaster, who went to Ireland temp. Henry II., they had their chief residences at Ballyraughtan and Tulloghmaine, in that co., and a branch resided at New Ross, co. Wexford; Robert Fitz David Rothe, Esq., of Ballyraughtan, temp. Henry VII. and Henry VIII., m. Ellen, dau. of Walter Butler, Esq., of Polestown, co. Kilkenny, and had seven sons, of whom David Fitz Robert Rothe, the eldest son s. his father; his direct descendant and representative, Robert Rothe, Esq., of Tulloghmaine, was colonel in the army of James II., forfeited his estate, and followed his Sovereign to France, and John Rothe, Esq., of Ballyevan, the fifth son, was ancestor of the branch settled at New Ross). (New Ross, co. Wexford; descended from John Rothe, Esq., of Ballyevan, whose will is dated 20 Jan. 1585, younger son of Robert Fitz David Rothe, Esq., of Ballyraughtan, temp. Henry VII. and VIII.). (City of Kilkenny; Robert Rothe, of that place, in 1627; Fun. Ent. Ulster’s Office, of his son-in-law, Walter Lawless). Or, on a mount in base ppr. a stag trippant ar. attired gu. in front of an oak tree vert. Crest—On a mount ppr. a stag lodged ar. attired or.
4) (Kilkenny; Reg. Ulster's Office). Ar. on a mount in base ppr. a stag lodged gu. attired or, in front of an oak tree vert. Crest—A stag lodged gu. attired or, in front of an oak tree vert.
5) Nuremberg - De sable à deux poissons nageants d'argent l'un sur l'autre Cimier un chapeau de tournoi de sable retroussé d'argent supp deux poissons d'argent les têtes en bas. English: Sable two fish naiant [swimming] argent in pale Crest: a tilting [tournament] helm sable turned up [slightly] argent Supporters two fish argent the heads downwards.
6) Prov. rhénanes - De sable à l'aigle d'argent Casque couronné Cimier une tête et col d'aigle de sable entre deux tuyaux de sable sommés chacun d'une queue de paon au naturel. English: Sable with an eagle argent Crowned with a helmet Crest: a head and shoulders of eagle sable between two pipes [tubes] sable each having a tail of a peacock proper emerging from it.
7) Nördlingen (Bavière) - De gueules à la bande d'or ch d'un poisson de gueules posé dans le sens de la bande Cimier un vol d'or et de gueules. English: Gules a bend or charged with a fish gules placed in the direction (of) the bend Crest: a pair of wings or and gules.
8) Nuremberg - Coupé d'or sur argent à une panthère rampante au naturel Cimier la panthère issante entre deux proboscides d'or et d'argent Lambrequin d'or et d'argent. English: Per fess or over argent a panther rampant proper Crest: the panther issuant between two proboscides or and argent Mantling: or and argent.
9) Souabe - De gueules à trois bannetons d'or Cimier un demi-vol aux armes de l'écu. English: Gules three fish traps [like a cage?] or Crest: a single wing with the arms of of the shield.
10) Souabe - Parti au 1 de gueules à la fasce d'argent au 2 d'or plein Cimier deux proboscides celle à dextre de gueules à la fasce d'argent celle à senestre d'or plein. English: Per pale 1st gules a fess argent 2nd or plain [uncharged] Crest: two proboscides that to the dexter gules a fess argent that to the sinister or plain [uncharged].
11) Prusse - (An., 18 janv. 1701) - Taillé au 1 de gueules à un cheval élancé et contourné d'argent au 2 d'azur à une étoile d'or A la barre d'argent brochant sur le taillé et ch de trois roses de gueules boutonnées d'or Casque couronné Cimier l'étoile adextrée d'un demi-vol contourné de sable et senestrée d'un bras armé tenant une épée le tout au naturel Lambrequin d'argent d'azur et de gueules. English: Per bend sinister 1st gules with a horse springing forward and reversed argent 2nd azure with an estoile or Overall the bend sinister argent covering over the per bend sinister and charged with three roses gules budded or Crowned with a helmet Crest: the etoile having to the dexter a single wing reversed sable and having to the sinister an arm armoured holding a sword all proper Mantling: argent azure and gules.
12) Saxe - D'azur à une licorne rampante d'argent Casque couronné Cimier la licorne issante. English: Azure with a unicorn rampant argent Crowned with a helmet Crest: the unicorn issuant.
13) Bâle - D'argent à une rose naturelle de gueules tigée et feuillée de sinople posée sur un tertre du même Cimier la rose Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Argent with a [natural, not like the English rose] rose gules stemmed and leaved vert placed on a hillock of the same Crest: the rose Mantling: argent and gules.
14) Bâle - Parti d'argent et de gueules à la bordure de l'un en l'autre le gueules chargé d'une fasce d'argent et la bordure d'argent ch d'un compon de gueules répondant à la fasce Casque couronné Cimier deux proboscides d'argent et de gueules ch chacune d'une fasce de l'un à autre. English: Per pale argent and gules a bordure counterchanged the gules charged with a fess argent and the bordure argent charged with a piece of compony gules meeting fitting [meeting] to the fess Crowned with a helmet Crest: two proboscides argent and gules charged with each a fess counterchanged
15) Bâle - D'argent à une rose de gueules acc en chef d'une étoile d'or et en pointe d'un tertre de sinople Cimier la rose Lambrequin d'or et de sable. English: Argent with a rose gules accompanied by in chief an etoile or and in base a hillock vert Crest: the rose Mantling: or and sable.
16) Bâle - D'argent à une rose de gueules boutonnée d'or tigée et feuillée de sinople posée sur un tertre du même au chef parti de gueules et d'argent chaque compartiment ch d'une croix de l'un à l'autre l'écu entouré d'une bordure de l'un en l'autre Cimier la rose sur le tertre Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Argent with a rose gules budded or stemmed and leaved vert placed on a hillock of the same a chief per pale gules and argent each section [square?] charged with a cross counterchanged the shield within a bordure counterchanged Crest: the rose over the hillock Mantling: argent and gules.
17) Francfort-s/Main - Coupé au 1 de gueules au léopard passant d'or au 2 d'argent à trois barres de gueules Cimier un homme d'armes issant armé d'argent au baudrier de gueules tenant de sa main senestre un poisson d'argent Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Per fess 1st gules a lion passant guardant or 2nd argent three bendlets sinister gules Crest: a man of arms issuant armed argent a baldric [sword belt] gules holding in his hand sinister a fish argent Mantling: argent and gules.
18) Hollande - D'argent à un cerf passant devant un arbre le tout au naturel soutenu d'une terrasse de sinople. English: Argent with a stag passant in front of a tree all proper supported by a mount vert.
19) Bavière - (An., 27 avril 1811) - De gueules à la bande d'azur bordée d'argent acc de deux roses du même Casque couronné Cimier trois plumes d'autruche d'argent Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Gules a bend azure fimbriated argent accompanied by two roses of the same Crowned with a helmet Crest: three ostrich feathers argent Mantling: argent and gules.
20) Bavière - (Conc. d'arm, 5 nov. 1557; an., 31 août 1840) - De gueules à la bande d'argent ch de trois roses du champ Cimier une femme moresque issante de profil couronnée de roses de gueules coiffée d'un voile du même tenant trois roses de gueules attachées à une seule tige de sinople feuillée du même. English: Gules a bend argent charged with three roses of the field Crest: a woman of moorish appearance issuant in profile crowned with roses gules wearing on the head a veil of the same holding three roses gules attached to a single stem vert leaved of the same.
21) Roth (de) - Amsterdam - Parti d'argent et de gueules à un dragon à deux pattes ailé de sable brochant sur le parti vomissant des flammes assis la queue arrondie et passée sous ses pattes. English: Per pale argent and gules with a dragon with two legs [wyvern in English heraldry] winged sable covering over the per pale vomiting flames sejant the tail circled and placed under its paws.
22) dit Pongylock - Prov. rhénanes - (Conf. de nob., 23 août 1616) - Parti de gueules et d'azur à une colonne d'argent brochant sur le parti adextrée d'une licorne rampante et contournée d'argent et senestrée d'un lion d'or couronné du même le col de la licorne percée d'une flèche d'or en fasce contournée le tout soutenu d'une terrasse de sinople brochant sur le parti Casque couronné Cimier le lion issant tenant un faisceau de cinq flèches d'or entre un vol d'azur et de gueules Lambrequin à dextre d'argent et de gueules à senestre d'argent et d'azur. English: Per pale gules and azure with a column [pillar] argent covering over the per pale having to the dexter a unicorn rampant and reversed argent and having to the sinister a lion or crowned of the same the shoulders of the unicorn pierced by an arrow or fesswise reversed all standing on a mount vert covering over the per pale Crowned with a helmet Crest: the lion issuant holding a bundle of five arrows or between a pair of wings azure and gules Mantling: to the dexter argent and gules to the sinister argent and azure.
23) ou Rot - Bâle - D'argent à une rose de gueules boutonnée d'or tigée et feuillée de sinople posée sur un tertre du second Cimier une corne de bouquetin d'argent ornée à l'extérieur de trois roses de gueules boutonnées d'or Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Argent a rose gules budded or stemmed and leaved vert placed on a hillock of the second Crest: a horn [antler] of an ibex argent decorated on the outside with three roses gules budded or Mantling: argent and gules.
24) d'Aurbach - Franconie - D'azur à une femme habillée d'or tenant de chaque main un poisson d'argent en pal Cimier la femme. English: Azure a woman dressed or holding in each hand a fish argent palewise Crest: the woman.
25) de Mersine - Silésie - (Chevaliers, 4 déc. 1654 et 3 août 1671) - De gueules à la fasce d'argent ch d'une étoile d'or. English: Gules a fess argent charged with an etoile or.
26) de Rohrbach - Allemagne - De sable à trois fasces d'or acc de trois étoiles du même 2 en chef et 1 en pointe Casque couronné Cimier une étoile d'or entre un vol de sable chaque aile ch d'une étoile d'or. English: Sable three bars or accompanied by three etoiles of the same 2 in chief and 1 in base Crowned with a helmet Crest: an estoile or between a pair of wings sable each wing charged with an etoile or.
27) de Rützen - Silésie - (Conf. de nob., 21 juillet 1678; barons, 1721 et 1730) - Écartelé aux 1 et 4 de gueules à un cheval d'argent aux 2 et 3 d'argent à un dextrochère armé au naturel la main de carnation tenant trois roses de gueules. English: Quarterly 1st and 4th gules with a horse argent 2nd and 3rd argent with a right arm armoured proper the hand carnation holding three roses gules.
28) de Schreckenstein - Bade, Prusse - (Conf. de nob., 10 mars 1546 et 29 oct. 1552; barons, ...) - Écartelé aux 1 et 4 de Roth qui est parti a de sable à une licorne d'argent accornée de gueules b fascé d'argent et de sable de quatre pièces aux 2 et 3 d'argent à deux chicots de gueules passés en sautoir Cimiers 1° la licorne issante et contournée Lambrequin d'argent et de sable 2° un vol à l'antique aux armes du 2 Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Quarterly 1st and 4th of Roth which is per pale a) sable with a unicorn argent horned gules b) barry argent and sable of four pieces 2nd and 3rd argent two ragged staffs gules placed saltirewise Crests: 1st the unicorn issuant and reversed Mantling: argent and sable 2nd a pair of wings with ancient with the arms of 2 Mantling: argent and gules.
29) de Telegd - Transylvanie - (An., 12 déc. 1649) - D'azur à un dextrochère armé au naturel la main de carnation tenant un faisceau de trois flèches Cimier le bras de l'écu. English: Azure with a right arm armoured proper the hand carnation holding a bundle of three arrows Crest: the arm of the shield.
30) Thuringe - D'argent à un corbeau essorant de sable posé sur un tertre de gueules Cimier trois plumes d'autruche une de gueules entre deux d'argent Lambrequin d'argent et de sable. English: Argent with a crow soaring sable placed on a hillock gules Crest: three ostrich feathers a gules between two argent Mantling: argent and sable.
31) Heiligenstadt (P. d'Erfurt) - Parti au 1 d'argent à la fasce de gueules au 2 d'or au lion d'azur tenant de ses pattes une masse à picotons d'argent Casque couronné Cimier deux proboscides celle à dextre d'argent ch d'une fasce de gueules celle à senestre d'or ch d'une fasce d'azur Lambrequin conformes aux émaux des proboscides. English: Per pale 1st argent a fess gules 2nd or a lion azure holding in its paws a spiked mace argent Crowned with a helmet Crest: two proboscides that to the dexter argent charged with a fess gules that to the sinister or charged with a fess azure Mantling: conforming to the [same as] colours of proboscides.
32) Danemark - (Nob. du St-Empire, 1471) - De gueules à un bouquetin naissant d'argent percé d'une flèche d'or en bande la pointe en bas Cimier le bouquetin de l'écu entre deux proboscides de gueules. English: Gules with a ibex naissant argent pierced by an arrow or bendwise the base downwards Crest: the ibex of the shield between two proboscides gules.
33) Rothe (de) Amsterdam - De gueules à la bande d'argent ch d'un lion léopardé du champ et côtoyée de six étoiles du second. English: Gules a bend argent charged with a lion passant of the field and surrounded [with the same orientation] by six etoiles of the second.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert
9. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
10. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97
11. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107
12. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105
13. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Label
14. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P154
15. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P94, 262, 407
16. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Oak
17. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P126