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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

(Rev. Robert Stammers Tabor, M.A., of Cambridge). Ar. on a fess betw. two crosses patonce vert three gryphons heads couped or. Crest—A pomeis, thereon a gryphon erased or, charged with a. trefoil slipped vert.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Tabor Coat of Arms and Family Crest

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Tabor Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Tabor blazon are the griffin, cross patonce and pomeis. The three main tinctures (colors) are vert, or and argent .

The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? As heraldry developed a whole menagerie of imagined creatures 9Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P164 came into being, and their various representations became more or less standardised in form and appearance. The griffin is perhaps the most common of these creatures, being a chimera with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Griffin. It is most often in the pose known as rampant segreant, on its hind legs with claws and wings extended. Vinycomb has much to say on the subject of the griffin, perhaps summarised in his belief that it represents “strength and vigilance”.]11Fictitious & Symbolic Creatures…in British Heraldry, J. Vinycomb, Chapman & Hall, London, 1906, P150

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 12Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges 13Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67, or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross 14A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128. The cross patonce is typical of these, whereby each arm of the cross expands and ends in a bud-like projection. These cross variations are probably largely for decorative effect, and to differentiate the arms from similar ones and hence their significance is that of the Christian cross itself.

The word Pomeis is a simple short-hand for the charge otherwise known as a roundle vert, and represented as a plain green circle. Its origin is obviously in the French word pomme, meaning “apple”. Indeed, Wade conflates the symbology of the “pomeis” with that of all fruit representations, being suggestive of “liberality, felicity and peace”.

1 Comment

  • Werner Zurek says:

    Tabor. Tabor, military camp, transport or Mount Tabor, mentined in the Bible. Strasz from Laskownica, sued 1353. Abbot from Łekno for the village of Łęgniszewo, but lost the case. He was the son of Zbylut Straszewicz, castellan of Nakło on 1283-1301. His son, Wincenty Straszewicz from Laskownica, gave evidence to 1380 in Wola Orchowska. Wincenty wrote from Laskownica and Gromadna, he was the landlord of Kalisz and Gniezno in 1388-1399. The second son, Strasz, and brother of Wincenty, was probably Bodzanta from Łęgniszewo 1357. Małgorzata, daughter of the magistrate, has a case in Gniezno in 1398 (KWP. And Leksz.). Bronisz from Laskownica, vicar in Góra near Żnin in 1443-1446. Jan Laskownicki, 1450, present in Łekno (Pom. W. W. XVI. 485 and 711). Włodek Laskownicki 1497 on the Wallachian expedition is a member of the court of the Kalisz Voivodeship (St.P.P., Pom. VII., 76, 152, 153, 420 and 425). Wawrzyniec, Jan and Maciej, inheritors of Laskownica in 1577 (Paw.). Abraam Laskownicki signed, with the Kalisz Voivodship, the objection of Władysław IV, he appeared in Lwów in 1632 on the land of Lwów, with his wife Katarzyna, née Słomowski, he acquired the royal crown of Zaliple and reeve in Podgrodzie, in Rohatyn, from widow Katarzyna Gaulicka, in 1642. he was no longer alive in 1651, in which the widow posed two horses from Zalipia for display (AGZ. X. 4101 and XX). Their daughter was the wife of Józef Łączyński, the starost of Busko (Niesiec.). Franciszek from Kalisz, the elector of King Michał. Marcin Laskownicki, tried in 1846 for treason in Austria, left, with Domicella Podolecka: Valeriy for Łukaszewski, Ludwik and Józef (A. Lwów, Nob.). Ludwik has from Jakubowiczówna, Tadeusz and Anna. Józef the writer, who died in Lviv in 1901, left Bronisława Królikowska: Józef and Bronisław. Józef, from Helena Dobrzańska, has children: Anna, Barbara, Halina, Janina and Jerzy. Bronisław, editor of the “New Age”, a Lviv councilman, has Izabella Taborówna: Janusz, Stanisław, Zbigniew and Zofja (M. D. Wąs.).

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert
3. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
9. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P164
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Griffin
11. Fictitious & Symbolic Creatures…in British Heraldry, J. Vinycomb, Chapman & Hall, London, 1906, P150
12. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
13. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67
14. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128