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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Honychurch and Broadwood Kelly, co. Devon; Francis Weekes, Esq., of Broadwood Kelly, temp. James I., fifth in descent from Sir Richard Weekes, Knt., of Honychurch. Visit. Devon, 1620). Erm. three battle axes sa.
2) (co. Surrey). Per chev. indented gu. and sa. three annulets ar.
3) Paly of six gu. and or, on a chief az. three eagles displ. ar
4) (Hurstperpoint, co. Sussex). Mottoes—Cari Deo nihilo carent; Vitae via virtus; and, Praesta et perstae. Erm. three battle axes sa. Crest—A dexter arm in armour embowed, holding a battle axe gu.
5) Per chev. gu. and sa. three annulets or. Crest—A dexter hand grasping a scymitar ppr.
6) Paly of eight or and gu. on a chief az. three eagles displ. with two heads of the first.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Weekes Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Weeks Origin:


Origins of Name:

The surname of Weeks is an English surname with multiple and various spellings. The multiple origins of the surname of Weeks come from a topographical name or an occupational name. The topographical possibility of the surname of Weeks is that it is used to describe a dairy farm, and was thus given to those who lived on our near a dairy farm. For the occupational possible explanation of this surname, the original bearer was said to have worked on or near the dairy farm or provided some sort of good or service that was utilized by this dairy farm. The name itself comes from an Old English Pre 7th Century word of “wic” which is an early borrowed word from the Latin “vicus” which can be translated to mean “an outlying settlement which can only thrive dependent on a larger village, especially specifically meaning a dairy farm.” This name is also locational, and there are places throughout the English countryside. Many places with the locational name of Weeks are found in the south west of England, such as in Devonshire, Cornwall, and Somerset. These places are named with the spelling Week, Weeke, Weeks, or Weekes, and may be locational in any of the aforementioned counties. By adding the final “s” to this topographical surname of Weeks, it confirms that this surname was created in medieval times, and denotes someone who is a resident at an actual place, rather than someone who has come from this place or formerly lived there.


More common variations are:

Weekes, Week, Weak, Weecks, Weekse, Weeaks, Weekis, Weekw, Weks, Weeksii, Weaks, Wieks



The first recorded spelling of the surname of Weeks was in England. Alueredus de Uuica was named in Somerset in the year 1084, while Goselin de Wich was recorded in Worcesetershire in the year 1184. Jordan le Wike was mentioned as residiign in Gloucestershire in the year 1194. Those who reside in England and bear the surname of Weeks are said to be in high concentrations in the area of Sussex county originally, but later spread to the areas of Devon, Somerset, Brecknockshire, Kent, Dorset, Wiltshire, and Hampshire counties.

United States of America:

During the European Migration, which is when English settlers were fed up with their homeland and it’s poor living conditions, and emigrated out of their home country, many settlers sought out the United States of America, which at that time was referred to as the Colonies, or the New World. The United States promised freedom from religious persecution, the ability to find new work, and better living conditions. The first of these settlers who was recorded to bear the surname of Weeks was one Leonard Weeks, who settled in New Hampshire in the year 1630, while one Symon Weeks from Devonshire, who left for the New World when he was only sixteen years of age in the year of 1634, in the month of February. Those who bear the surname of Weeks are found in large concentrations throughout the United States of America. Those states with these large numbers of people who are identified by this surname are New York, Virginia, Michigan, North Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Texas, California, Massachusetts, Illinois, and the southern state of Mississippi.

Weeks Today:

United States 49,699

England 7,566

Australia 3,246

Liberia 2,984

Canada 2,809

South Africa 1,607

Wales 745

New Zealand 383

Mexico 262

Scotland 256

Notable People:

Don Weeks (1938-2015) who was a radio personality from America

Sinclair Weeks (1893-1972) who was the United States Secretary of Commerce under former President Dwight D. Eisenhower

Rickie Weeks (born in 1982) who is an MLB second baseman from America

John Wingate Weeks (1860-1926) who is a politician in the Republican Party, and the Secretary of War from the year 1921 to the year 1925 and is from America

Brent Weeks (born in 1977) who was an author from America, who is most notably recognized for The Night Angel Trilogy

Willie Weeks (born in 1974) who is a bass guitarist from America

Al Weeks, who was a Delegate to the Democratic National Convention from Utah in the year 1952, and was a Democratic politician from America

Alfred C. Weeks, who was a Candidate for the Connecticut State House of Representatives from Pomfret in the year 1906, and was an American Republican politician

Alvin Gardner Weeks (1866-1924) who was a Representative from Massachusetts in the 15th District in the years 1912 and 1914, who was a politician from America

Weekes Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Weekes blazon are the axe, annulet, eagle and paly. The two main tinctures (colors) are ermine and gules.

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”4. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 5. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.6.

The Axe appears in many forms in heraldic art, coming from both the martial and the craft traditions, indeed someone today would have a hard time telling their common hatchet from a turner’s axe, but it is likely that those in the middle ages were more familiar with each. 7 Obviously the axe from a craft tradition may symbolise the holder being a practitioner of that craft, but the axes from a martial background are suggested by Wade to indicate the “execution of military duty”. 8

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 9xz`, and the annulet is a good example, being a circular ring of any colour. They also appear interlaced or one within the other, both of which are very pleasing additions. Wade believes that these were one of the symbols of ancient pilgrims. 10

Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period 11. They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference 12 as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject 13, but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!

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Michael Demere Weeks commented on 23-Jul-2018
How or Where can I find the Farthest Time in the Past of My coat of Arms ? I Believe it was Wykes, before Weekes. The Blazon,... Ermine Three Battle-Axes Gules ; for a Crest a Dexter Arm in Armour Proper, Holding a Battle-Axe in Bend Sinister Gules. I've Read One Article that Says It Was Used in Antiquity, Before the Surnames Started, but I Don't Know Exactly What He Meant by 'Antiquity', and the Author is No Longer Alive. Any Help Will be Greatly Appreciated, Even Pointed Towards Sources that Might Help. Thank YOU, - Michael


  • 1 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
  • 2 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
  • 3 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
  • 4 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 5 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 6 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
  • 7 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Axe
  • 8 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P100
  • 9 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
  • 10 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P19
  • 11 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle
  • 12 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238
  • 13 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74